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Forced labour in Eritrea*

  • Gaim Kibreab (a1)

Using fieldwork data collected in Eritrea, Rome, Milan and Stockholm, and supplemented by human rights organisation reports and discussions with key informants in four cities in the UK, this article examines the extent to which the Eritrean national service and its concomitant Warsai-Yikaalo Development Campaign qualify as forced or compulsory labour as defined by the relevant international conventions.

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I am deeply indebted to the editor of the journal for his valuable advice and comments on earlier drafts. I am also grateful to Jane Wambui Njagi for reading and commenting on the article. Thanks are also due to two anonymous reviewers.

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