Alden Wily, L. 2000. ‘Land tenure reform and the balance of power in eastern and southern Africa’, ODI Natural Resources Perspectives 58: 1–4.
Anseeuw, W. & Alden, C., eds. 2010. The Struggle over Land in Africa: conflicts, politics and change. Pretoria: HSRC Press.
Arce, A. & Long, N.. 1993. ‘Bridging two worlds: an ethnography of bureaucrat-peasant relations in western Mexico’, in Hobart, M., ed. An Anthropological Critique of Development: the growth of ignorance. London: Routledge, 179–208.
Banda, F. 2006. ‘Women, law and human rights in Southern Africa’, Journal of Southern African Studies 32, 1: 13–27.
BorrasJr, S. M. Jr, S. M., Fig, D. & Suárez, S. M.. 2011. ‘The politics of agrofuels and mega-land and water deals: insights from the ProCana case, Mozambique’, Review of African Political Economy 38, 128: 215–34.
Chanock, M. 1985. Law, Custom and Social Order: the colonial experience in Malawi and Zambia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Claassens, A. 2013. ‘Recent changes in women's land rights and contested customary law in South Africa’, Journal of Agrarian Change 13, 1: 71–92.
Claassens, A. & Ngubane, S.. 2008. ‘Women, land and power: the impact of the communal land rights act’, in Claassens, A. & Cousins, B., eds. Land, Power and Custom: controversies generated by South Africa's communal land rights act. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 154–83.
Cleaver, F. 2012. Development through Bricolage: rethinking institutions for natural resource management. London and New York: Routledge.
Cotula, L., Vermeulen, S., Leonard, R. & Keeley, J.. 2009. Land Grab or Development Opportunity? Agricultural investment and international land deals in Africa. London/Rome: IIED/FAO/IFAD.
Cousins, B. 2008. ‘Contextualising the controversies: dilemmas of communal tenure reform in post-apartheid South Africa’, in Claassens, A. & Cousins, B., eds. Land, Power and Custom: controversies generated by South Africa's communal land rights act. Athens OH: Ohio University Press, 3–31.
Deininger, K. 2003. Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction. Washington, DC: World Bank & Oxford University Press.
Derman, W. & Kaarhus, R., eds. 2013. In the Shadow of a Conflict: crisis in Zimbabwe and its effects in Mozambique, South Africa and Zambia. Harare: Weaver Press.
Dondeyne, S., Vanthournout, E., Wembah-Rashid, J.A.R. & Deckers, J.A.. 2003. ‘Changing land tenure regimes in a matrilineal village of South Eastern Tanzania’, Journal of Social Development in Africa 18, 1: 7–32.
Dondeyne, S., Kaarhus, R. & Allison, G.. (2012). ‘Nature conservation, rural development and ecotourism in central Mozambique: which space do local communities get?’, in Convery, I., Corsane, G. & Davis, P., eds. Making Sense of Place: multidisciplinary perspectives. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 291–301.
Fitzpatrick, D. 2005. ‘“Best practice” options for the legal recognition of customary tenure’, Development and Change 36, 3: 449–75.
Hall, D., Hirsch, P. & Li, T.M.. 2011. Powers of Exclusion: land dilemmas in Southeast Asia. Singapore: NUS Press.
Hughes, D.M. 1999. ‘Refugees and squatters: immigration and the politics of territory on the Zimbabwe-Mozambique Border’, Journal of Southern African Studies 25, 4: 533–52.
Ikdahl, I., Hellum, A., Kaarhus, R. & Benjaminsen, T.A.. 2005. ‘Human rights, formalisation and women's land rights in southern and eastern Africa’, Noragric Report No. 26. Aas: Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
Kaarhus, R. 2010. ‘Women's land rights and land tenure reform in Malawi: what difference does matriliny make?’, Forum for Development Studies 37, 2: 171–92.
Kyed, H.M. & Buur, L.. 2006. ‘New sites of citizenship: recognition of traditional authority and group-based citizenship in Mozambique’, Journal of Southern African Studies 32, 3: 565–81.
Lubkemann, S.C. 2008. Culture in Chaos: an anthropology of the social condition in war. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
McAuslan, P. 2010. ‘Personal reflections on drafting laws to improve women's access to land: is there a magic wand?’, Journal of Eastern African Studies 4, 1: 114–30.
Migdal, J.S. 1994. ‘The state in society: an approach to struggles for domination’, in Migdal, J.S., Kohli, A. & Shue, V., eds. State Power and Social Forces. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 7–34.
Norfolk, S. & Tanner, C. 2007. ‘Improving tenure security for the rural poor: Mozambique – country case study’. LEP Working Paper 5. Rome: FAO.
Peters, P. 2004. ‘Inequality and social conflict over land in Africa’, Journal of Agrarian Change 4, 3: 269–314.
Peters, P. 2013. ‘Land appropriation, surplus people and a battle over visions of agrarian futures in Africa’, Journal of Peasant Studies 40, 3: 537–62.
Peters, P. & Kambewa, D. 2007. ‘Whose security? Deepening social conflict over “customary” land in the shadow of land tenure reform in Malawi’, Journal of Modern African Studies 45, 3: 447–72.
Quadros, M.C. de 2004. Manual de Direito da Terra. Maputo: Centro de Formação Jurídica e Judiciária.
Quan, J.F., Monteiro, J. & Mole, P.. 2013. ‘The experience of Mozambique's community land initiative (iTC) in securing land rights and improving community land use: Practice, policy and governance implications’, paper presented at the World Bank, Washington DC, April 8-11, 2013 <http://www.conftool.com/landandpoverty2013/index.php>, accessed 27.12.2013
Ribot, J.C. & Peluso, N.L.. 2003. ‘A theory of access’, Rural Sociology 68, 2: 153–81.
Richards, A.I. 1950. ‘Some types of family structure among the Central Bantu’, in Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. & Forde, D., eds. African Systems of Kinship and Marriage. London: Oxford University Press, 207–51.
Schafer, J & Bell, R.. 2002. ‘The state and community-based natural resource management: the case of the Moribane forest reserve, Mozambique’, Journal of Southern African Studies 28, 2: 401–20.
Sikor, T. & Lund, C.. 2009. ‘Access and property: a question of power and authority’, Development and Change 40, 1: 1–22.
Tanner, C. 2001. ‘Report on a FAO workshop: common property tenure regimes’. Rome: FAO, Department for International Development, Rural Livelihoods Department.
Tanner, C. 2010. ‘Land rights and enclosures: implementing the Mozambican land law in practice’, in Anseeuw, W. & Alden, C., eds. The Struggle for Land in Africa: conflict, politics and change. Pretoria: HSRC Press, 105–30.
Tornimbeni, C. 2007. ‘“Isto sempre foi assim”: the politics of land and human mobility in Chimanimani, Central Mozambique’, Journal of Southern African Studies 33, 3: 485–500.
Toulmin, C. 2008. ‘Securing land and property rights in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of local institutions’, Land Use Policy 26, 1: 10–19.
Veldwisch, G.J., Beekman, W. & Bolding, A.. 2013. ‘Smallholder irrigators, water rights and investments in agriculture: three cases from rural Mozambique’, Water Alternative, 6, 1: 125–41.
Whitehead, A. & Tsikata, D.. 2003. ‘Policy discourses on women's land rights in Sub-Saharan Africa: the implications of the return to the customary’, Journal of Agrarian Change 3, 1–2: 67–112.