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The nature of the land: the Dukuduku forest and the Mfolozi flats, KwaZulu-Natal*

  • Knut G. Nustad (a1) and Frode Sundnes (a2)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Green-grabbing has recently been suggested as a label for describing processes of dispossessions undertaken in the name of conservation in sub-Saharan Africa. For the case examined here, the Dukuduku forest and the Mfolozi flats in northern KwaZulu-Natal, we will argue that the label obscures more than it helps illuminate the complex processes leading up to the present-day struggle over land rights. The land in question has been subjected to a number of different land uses in the past: hunting, conservation, commercial agriculture and small-scale agriculture. We show how contestation over desirable future land use options lies at the heart of the problems raised by an ongoing land claim to the forest.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Email: k.g.nustad@sai.uio.no
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*

Knut G. Nustad wishes to acknowledge support from the Norwegian Research Council, project no 204370, for part of the research on which this article is based, while Frode Sundnes acknowledges support from the Norwegian Research Council, project no 178798, the Nordic Africa Institute and Nansenfondet of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Both authors have contributed equally to the research on which this article is based, as well as in writing the article.

Footnotes
References
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A. Agrawal & K. Redford . 2009. ‘Conservation and displacement: an overview’, Conservation and society 7, 1: 110.

T. A. Benjaminsen & I. Bryceson . 2012. ‘Conservation, green/blue grabbing and accumulation by dispossession in Tanzania’, Journal of Peasant Studies 39, 2: 335–55.

S. Brooks 2005. ‘Images of “Wild Africa”: nature tourism and the (re)creation of Hluhluwe game reserve, 1930–1945’, Journal of Historical Geography 31, 2: 220–40.

D. Fay 2007. ‘Struggles over resources and community formation at Dwesa-Cwebe, South Africa’, International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management 3: 88101.

A. Hellum & B. Derman . 2008. ‘Historical justice and socio-economic development: tensions in South Africa's land restitution programme’, Forum for Development Studies, 35, 1: 6190.

J. M. MacKenzie 1988. The Empire of Nature: hunting, conservation and British imperialism. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

K. G. Nustad 2011a. ‘Performing natures and land in the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, South Africa’, Ethnos 76, 1: 88108.

K. G. Nustad 2011b. ‘Property, rights and community in a South African land-claim case’, Anthropology Today 27, 1: 20–4.

F. Sundnes 2013a. ‘The past in the present: struggles over land and community in relation to the Dukuduku claim for land restitution, South Africa’, Forum for Development Studies 40, 1: 6986.

F. Sundnes 2013b. ‘Scrubs and squatters: the coming of the Dukuduku forest, an indigenous forest in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa’, Environmental History 18, 2: 277308.

P. West , J. Igoe & D. Brockington . 2006. ‘Parks and peoples: the social impact of protected areas’, Annual Review of Anthropology 35: 251–77.

R. A. Wilson 2001. The politics of truth and reconciliation in South Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-278X
  • EISSN: 1469-7777
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-modern-african-studies
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