Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-4hcbs Total loading time: 0.317 Render date: 2021-12-08T09:56:08.241Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Heliolitine corals of the upper Douro Formation (Upper Silurian), Canadian Arctic Islands

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 May 2016

Owen A. Dixon*
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, University of Ottawa and Ottawa-Carleton Geoscience Centre, Ottawa K1N 6N5, Canada

Abstract

Heliolitine corals are closely associated with lithistid sponge-dominated reef mounds in Ludlow carbonate ramp facies on Somerset Island. The corals occur abundantly in argillaceous, fossiliferous wackestone immediately flanking and capping the reef mounds, less commonly in calcilutite mudstone within the reef mounds, and with sharply decreasing abundance in nodular argillaceous wackestone to mudstone away from the reef mounds. Exhaustive field collection, and systematic study that included biometric analysis of collected assemblages, indicates that ten heliolitine species are present, including the new species Heliolites furyi, H. garnieri, and H. greineri, and two unidentified species, Heliolites sp. A, and Podollites? sp. The occurrence of H. subdecipiens Klaamann, 1984, H. tchernyshevi Bondarenko, 1966, H. cf. H. rariformis Tchi, 1976, Stelliporella cf. S. podolica Bondarenko, 1971, and Squameolites anomalus Tchi, 1976 indicates an affinity with Eurasian rather than North American faunas of equivalent age. Many new species have been ascribed to Stelliporella since the mid-1970s; most lack the diagnostic axial structures of the genus and are more appropriately regarded as belonging to Heliolites. Newly defined structures termed septal florets occur commonly in H. garnieri and very rarely in three other species of Heliolites. Effective taxonomic use of septal development requires very careful study because of the degree of intraspecific and intracolony variation in some species.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Paleontological Society 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Barskaya, V. F. 1963. Ordovikskie i siluriyskie korally Gornogo Altaya. Paleontologicheskiy Zhurnal, 1963(3):2738 (Transl. International Geology Review, 7: 898–909).Google Scholar
Bondarenko, O. B. 1963. Reviziya roda Plasmopora. Paleontologicheskiy Zhurnal, 1963(1):4252 (Transl. International Geology Review, 6: 1858–1867).Google Scholar
Bondarenko, O. B. 1966. Geliolitoidey isen'skoy svity, p. 145197. In Chetverikova, N. P., Sytova, V. A., Ushatinskaya, G. T., Keller, N. B., Bondarenko, O. B., and Ulitina, L. M. (eds.), Stratigrafiya i Fauna Siluriyskikh i Nizhnedevonskikh Otlozheniy Nurinskogo Sinklinoriya. Materialy po Geologii Tsentral'nogo Kazakhstana, 6(Geological Survey of Canada Translation Series No. 614).Google Scholar
Bondarenko, O. B. 1971. Ob'em novogo semeystva Stelliporellidae (geliolitidy), p. 166178. In Dubatolov, V. N. (ed.), Tabulyaty i Geliolitoidei Paleozoya SSSR. II Vsesoyuznogo Simpoziuma po Izucheniyu Iskopaemykh korallov SSSR, Trudy, 1. Izdatel'stvo “Nauka”, Moscow (Geological Survey of Canada Translation Series No. 572).Google Scholar
Bondarenko, O. B. 1978. Variation and asto-phylogenetic development of some Late Silurian heliolitoids of the Dniester region of Podolia. Paleontological Journal, 1978(4):432449.Google Scholar
Bondarenko, O. B. 1992. Sistema Geliolitoidey. Moskovskoye Obshchestvo Ispytateley Prirody, Moscow, 206 p.Google Scholar
Chernyshev, B. B. 1951. Siluriyskie i devonskie Tabulata i Geliolitida okrain Kuznetskogo uglenosnogo basseyna. Vsesoyuznyi nauchno-issledovatel'skiy Geologicheskiy Institut, Trudy, 160 p., Gosgeolteckhizdat, Moscow (Geological Survey of Canada Translation Series no. 615).Google Scholar
Dana, J. M. 1846. Structure and classification of Zoophytes. In U.S. Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 Under the Command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., Volume 7. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia, 740 p.Google Scholar
Zhan-Qiu, Deng. 1984. Lower and Middle Devonian Tabulata and Heliolitida from Alengchu of Northwestern Yunnan. Bulletin Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Academia Sinica, 7:287310.Google Scholar
Dixon, O. A. 1974. Late Ordovician Propora (Coelenterata: Heliolitidae) from Anticosti Island, Quebec, Canada. Journal of Paleontology, 48:568585.Google Scholar
Dixon, O. A. 1979. Late Silurian plasmoporid and stelliporellid corals (Heliolitidae) from the Canadian Arctic. Journal of Paleontology, 53:642656.Google Scholar
Dixon, O. A. 1989. Species definition in heliolitine corals of the lower Douro Formation (Upper Silurian), Canadian Arctic. Journal of Paleontology, 63:819838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, O. A. 1993. Coral communities and implications for paleoenvironments: Silurian heliolitine corals in a carbonate ramp setting, Canadian Arctic. Palaios, 8:1830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dubatolov, V. N. 1959. Tabulyaty, geliolitidy i khetetidy silura i devona Kuznetskogo Bassejna. Vsesoyuznyi neftyanoy nauchno-issledovatel'skii geologorazvedochniy institut, Trudy, 139, 292 p.Google Scholar
Dubatolov, V. N. 1962. Tabulyaty i Geliolitidy Siluriyskich i Devonskich Otlozheniy Rudnogo Altaya. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Institut Geologii i Geofiziki, 109 p.Google Scholar
Dubatolov, V. N., and Spassky, N. Ya. 1964. Nekotorye novye korally iz devona Sovetskogo Soyuza, p. 112140. In Dubatolov, V. N. and Spassky, N. Ya., Stratigraficheskii i Geograficheskii Obzor Devonskich Korallov SSSR, “Nauka”, Moskva.Google Scholar
Frech, F. 1897. Referat, J. Wentzel: Zur Kenntniss der Zoantharia tabulata. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1897:212214.Google Scholar
Galle, A. 1973. Family Heliolitidae from the Bohemian Paleozoic. Sbornik Geologickych Ved, Paleontologie, rada P, svazek 15, 48 p.Google Scholar
Goldfuss, G. A. 1826. Petrefacta Germaniae, Teil 1, p. 176. Düsseldorf.Google Scholar
Graf, G. C. 1988. Carbonate mudmound complexes of the Upper Silurian Douro and Barlow Inlet formations at Gascoyne Inlet, Devon Island, Arctic Canada. Unpublished , , 152 p.Google Scholar
Greiner, H. R. 1963. Vicinity of Beechey Island to Radstock Bay, p. 201207. In Fortier, Y. O. et al. (eds.), Geology of the north-central part of the Arctic Archipelago, Northwest Territories (Operation Franklin). Geological Survey of Canada Memoir, 320.Google Scholar
Hall, J. 1852. Palaeontology of New York, Volume II, containing descriptions of the organic remains of the lower middle division of the New York system (equivalent in part to the Middle Silurian rocks of Europe). Albany, New York.Google Scholar
Hill, D. 1981. Supplement 1, Rugosa and Tabulata, 762 p. In Teichert, C. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Pt. F, Coelenterata. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas, Lawrence.Google Scholar
Iven, C. 1980. Alveolitiden und Heliolitiden aus dem Mittel-und Oberdevon des Bergischen Landes (Rheinische Schiefergebirge). Palaeontographica, A, 167(4-6):121179.Google Scholar
Hui-Chen, Jia, and Shou-Yong, Xu. 1977. Corals, Late Paleozoic. In Atlas of Fossils of South-central China, Part 2. Geological Publishing House, Beijing.Google Scholar
Chun-Tai, Jin. 1984. Silurian tabulate coral succession in Huanggexi of Daguan, Yunnan. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 23:119.Google Scholar
Jones, B., and Dixon, O. A. 1977. Stratigraphy and sedimentology of Upper Silurian rocks, northern Somerset Island, Arctic Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 14:14271452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kim, A. I. 1966. Tabulyatomorfnye korally paleozoya Zarafshano-Gissar'skoy gornoy oblasti. Izdat. “Fan” Uzbekskoi SSR, p. 171.Google Scholar
Klaamann, E. 1984. Geliolitidy v pozdnesiluriyskikh korallovykh soobschchestvakh Pribaltiki. Izvestiya Akademii nauk Estonskoy SSR, Geologiya, 23(2):6369.Google Scholar
Kovalevsky, O. P. 1975. Tabulyaty, p. 4150. In Menner, V. V. (ed.), Kharakteristika Fauny Pogranichnykh Sloev Silura i Devona Tsentral'nogo Kazakhstana. Materialy po Geologii Tsentral'nogo Kazakhstana, 12.Google Scholar
Lee, D.-J., and Noble, J. P. A. 1988. Heliolitid corals of the Upper Silurian West Point Formation, Gaspé, Québec. Journal of Paleontology, 62:855865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lemaitre, D. 1947. Contribution à l'étude du dévonien du Tafilalet, II. Le récif coralligène de Ouihalane. Service des mines carte géologique du Maroc, Notes et Mémoires, 67:1112.Google Scholar
Yao-Xi, Li, and Bao-Yu, Lin. 1982. Paleontological Atlas of Northwest China, Shaanxi-Gansu-Ninxia Volume, Part 1, Precambrian and Early Paleozoic. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 480 p.Google Scholar
Yao-Xi, Li, Bao-Yu, Lin, Li-Sheng, Song, Zhi-Qiang, Zhou, Jing-Yao, Yang, and Others.1975. Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of Early Palaeozoic from West Daba Mountain. Geological Publishing House, Peking, 372 p.Google Scholar
Bao-Yu, Lin, and Xin-Gu, Chow. 1977. The Late Ordovician Tabulata and Heliolitida from Zhejiang and Jiangxi Provinces, and their stratigraphic significance. Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Professional Papers in Stratigraphy and Palaeontology, 3, 108208.Google Scholar
Bao-Yu, Lin, and Hong-Ping, Huang. 1986. Late Ordovician tabulate corals from Xinjiang and Ningxia. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 12:127149.Google Scholar
Bao-Yu, Lin, and Hong-Ping, Huang. 1987. Some Late Silurian to Early Devonian tabulate corals from southern Gansu and northwestern Sichuan and their stratigraphic significance, p. 203242. In Late Silurian-Devonian strata and fossils from Luqu-Tewo area of West Qinling Mountains, China, Volume 1. Xi'an Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources and Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Academia Sinica.Google Scholar
Bao-Yu, Lin, Yong-Yi, Tchi, Chun-Tai, Jin, Yao-xi, Li, and You-Yin, Yan. 1988. Monograph of Palaeozoic Corals. Tabulatomorphic Corals, Volumes 1 and 2. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 454 p.Google Scholar
Bao-Yu, Lin, and Bao-Yu, Wang. 1981. Tabulata, p. 3972. In Atlas of Fossils of Northwest China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Volume, Part 1, Late Proterozoic and Early Palaeozoic. Geological Press, Beijing, 332 p.Google Scholar
Bao-Yu, Lin, and Bao-Yu, Wang. 1987. Upper Ordovician tabulate corals from western Junggar, Xijiang, China. Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Professional Papers of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology, 16, 3762.Google Scholar
Lindstrom, G. 1876. On the affinities of the Anthozoa Tabulata. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4, 18:117.Google Scholar
Lindstrom, G. 1899. Remarks on the Heliolitidae. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens, Handlingar, 32:1140.Google Scholar
M'Coy, F. 1851. In A synopsis of the Classification of the British Palaeozoic rocks, by the Rev. Adam Sedgwick, with a systematic description of the British Palaeozoic fossils in the Geological Museum of the University of Cambridge by Frederick M'Coy. London and Cambridge, 184 p.Google Scholar
McMillan, N. J. 1963. North coast of Somerset Island, p. 129135. In Fortier, Y. O., et al. (eds.), Geology of the North-central Part of the Arctic Archipelago, Northwest Territories (Operation Franklin). Geological Survey of Canada Memoir, 320.Google Scholar
Mironova, N. V. 1961. Tabulyati i geliolitidi torn chumishskikh (ostracodovikh) sloev Salaira. Sibirskii nauchno-issledovatel'skii institut (geologii, geofiziki i mineral'nogo syr'ya), Trudy, 15:148163.Google Scholar
Mortensen, P. S., and Jones, B. 1986. The role of contemporaneous faulting on Late Silurian sedimentation in the eastern M'Clintock Basin, Prince of Wales Island, Arctic Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 23:14011411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Narbonne, G. M., and Dixon, O. A. 1982. Physical correlation and depositional environments of Upper Silurian rubbly limestone facies in the Canadian Arctic Islands, p. 135146. In Embry, A. F. and Balkwill, H. R. (eds.), Arctic Geology and Geophysics. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Arctic Geology. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir 8.Google Scholar
Narbonne, G. M., and Dixon, O. A. 1984. Upper Silurian lithistid sponge reefs on Somerset Island, arctic Canada. Sedimentology, 31:2550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pocta, P. 1902. Anthozoaires et Alcyonaires. In Barrande, J., Système Silurien du Centre de la Bohème, Part 1, Volume 8(2), 347 p.Google Scholar
Powell, J. 1979. Palaeoecology and taxonomy of some Wenlock tabulate corals and stromatoporoids. Unpublished , , 219 p.Google Scholar
Romanovsky, G. D. 1890. Materialy dlya geologii Turkestanskogo kraya, SPb 3, 165 p.Google Scholar
Sardeson, F. W. 1896. Uber die Beziehungen der fossilen Tabulaten zu den Alcyonarien. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Beilage-Band 10:249362.Google Scholar
Savelle, J. M. 1978. Sedimentary and faunal facies of an Upper Silurian marine succession near Creswell Bay, Somerset Island, N. W. T. Unpublished , , 135 p.Google Scholar
Scrutton, C. T. 1989. Intracolonial and intraspecific variation in tabulate corals. Memoir of Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, 8:3343.Google Scholar
Serezhnikova, Ye. A. 1992. New Lower Silurian heliolitids from central Kazakhstan. Paleontological Journal, 26(1):2231.Google Scholar
Sokolov, B. S. 1949. Tabulata i Heliolitida, p. 7598. In Atlas Rukovodyashchikh Form Iskopaemykh Faun SSSR, II: Siluriyskaya Sistema. Gosgeoltekhizdat, Moscow.Google Scholar
Sokolov, B. S., and Tesakov, Yu. I. 1963. Tabulyaty paleozoya Sibiri. Tabulyaty ordovika i silura vostochnoi chasti Sibiri. Akademii nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe otdelenie, Instititut Geologii i Geofiziki, Izdatelstvo188 p.Google Scholar
Yong-Yi, Tchi. 1976. Tabulata, p. 101129. In Paleontological Atlas of North China, Volume 1, Paleozoic, Fossils of Inner Mongolia. Geological Publishing House, Peking.Google Scholar
Yong-Yi, Tchi. 1980. Tabulata, p. 153188. In Paleontological Atlas of Northeast China, Volume 1, Paleozoic. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 686 p.Google Scholar
Thorsteinsson, R., and Mayr, U. 1987. The sedimentary rocks of Devon Island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Geological Survey of Canada Memoir, 411, 182 p.Google Scholar
Thorsteinsson, R., and Uyeno, T. T. 1980. Biostratigraphy, p. 2131. In Thorsteinsson, R., Stratigraphy and conodonts of Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian rocks in the environs of the Boothia Uplift, Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Part 1, Contributions to Stratigraphy. Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin, 292.Google Scholar
Thanh, Tong-Dzuy. 1967. Les coelentérés du Dévonien au Vietnam, Part 1. Les coraux tabulatomorphes du Dévonien au Nord Vietnam. Acta Scientia Vietnam, Section geologique géographique, Tome 3.Google Scholar
Wentzel, J. 1895. Zur Kenntnis der Zoantharia Tabulata. Denckschriften Osterreichische Akademie Wissenschaften (mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse), 62:479516.Google Scholar
Yanet, F. E. 1977. Novye Tabulyaty i geliolitoidei silura vostochnogo sklona Urala, p. 2038. In Sapel'nikov, V. P. and Chuvashov, B. I. (eds.), Paleontologiya Nizhnego Paleozoya Urala. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Ural'skiy Nauchniy Tsentr, Instituta Geologii i Geokhimii, Trudy, 129.Google Scholar
Sheng-Wu, Yang, Chun-Tai, Jin, and Xi-Yun, Zhou. 1978. Part 1, Cambrian-Devonian Tabulata and Heliolitida, p. 161252. In Atlas of Paleontology of Southwestern China, Guizhou Section. Geological Publishing House, Peking, 776 p. (Geological Survey of Canada Translation Series No. 2446).Google Scholar
Young, G. A., and Noble, J. P. A. 1990a. Silurian Heliolitidae (Anthozoa, Tabulata) from the Chaleurs Bay region, Canada. Journal of Paleontology, 64:4460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Young, G. A., and Noble, J. P. A. 1990b. Silurian Proporidae and Plasmoporidae (Anthozoa, Tabulata) from the Chaleurs Bay region, Canada. Journal of Paleontology, 64:184199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Heliolitine corals of the upper Douro Formation (Upper Silurian), Canadian Arctic Islands
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Heliolitine corals of the upper Douro Formation (Upper Silurian), Canadian Arctic Islands
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Heliolitine corals of the upper Douro Formation (Upper Silurian), Canadian Arctic Islands
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *