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Late Cretaceous–early Paleocene ostracod biostratigraphy of Scientific Drilling Sk1(N) in the Songliao Basin, northeast China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 July 2015

Haiying Qu
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Xueyuanlu 29, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China,
Dangpeng Xi
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Xueyuanlu 29, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China, State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 39 East Beijing Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China
Sha Li
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 39 East Beijing Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China
Jean Paul Colin
Affiliation:
Impasse des Biroulayres, 33610 Cestas, France, and University of Lisbon, Faculty of Sciences, Centre of Geology, Campo Grande, C6, 3°, 1749–016 Lisboa, Portugal
Qinghua Huang
Affiliation:
Exploration and Development Research Institute of Daqing Oil Field Corporation Ltd., Daqing, Heilongjiang 163712, China
Xiaoqiao Wan
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Xueyuanlu 29, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China,

Abstract

Cretaceous non-marine deposits are widespread in China and have been studied comprehensively. The Songliao Basin in northeast China is thought to be well suited for investigation of Cretaceous biostratigraphy. However, despite much research having been conducted in the basin, little is known about its Late Cretaceous biostratigraphy and paleoenvironment. Here, we establish a high-resolution biostratigraphy of the Late Cretaceous based on ostracods from borehole SK1(n) in the Songliao Basin, northeast China. As part of the present study, 45 species assigned to 20 genera have been recovered, with one new species (Ilyocypris bisulcata n. sp.) and five ostracod assemblages: the Cypridea gunsulinensisMongolocypris magna assemblage, which is marked by the first occurrence (F.O.) of Ilyocyprimorpha with nodes and spines; the IlyocyprimorphaLimnocypridea sunliaonensis–Periacanthella assemblage, which ranges from the F.O. of Ilyocyprimorpha with nodes and spines to the F.O. of Strumosia sp.; the Strumosia inandita assemblage from the F.O. of Strumosia sp. to the lower occurrence (L.O.) of Strumosia inandita; the Talicypridea amoenaMetacypris kaitunensisZiziphocypris simakovi assemblage from the F.O. of Mongolocypris apiculata (Cea) and Talicypridea amoena to the F.O. of Ilyocypris sp.; and the Ilyocypris assemblage from the F.O. of Ilyocypris sp. to the L.O. of Ilyocypris bisulcata n. sp.

Moreover, the zonal fossil Ilyocypris bisulcata n. sp. of Zone 5 is here described for the first time from the upper Mingshui Formation, and Paleocene charophyte genera including Neochara and Grovesicahra have been found to coexist with the Zone 5 fauna. The age of the Ilyocypris Assemblage is assigned to the latest Maastrichtian to the earliest Danian.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Paleontological Society 

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Late Cretaceous–early Paleocene ostracod biostratigraphy of Scientific Drilling Sk1(N) in the Songliao Basin, northeast China
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