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Tricarina gadvanensis is an isopod: reinterpretation of an alleged lobster from the Lower Cretaceous of Iran

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 August 2019

Matúš Hyžný
Affiliation:
Comenius University, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Mlynská dolina, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15Bratislava, Slovakia <hyzny.matus@gmail.com> Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Burgring 7, 1010Vienna, Austria
Denis Audo
Affiliation:
Yunnan Key Laboratory for Palaeobiology, Yunnan University, China <denis.audo@edu.mnhn.fr> MEC International Joint Laboratory for Palaeobiology and Palaeoenvironment, Yunnan University, China
Rodney M. Feldmann
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, Kent State University, KentOH44242, USA <rfeldman@kent.edu>
Guenter Schweigert
Affiliation:
Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Rosenstein 1, 70191 Stuttgart, Germany <guenter.schweigert@smns-bw.de>

Abstract

An incomplete arthropod fossil, Tricarina gadvanensis Feldmann et al., 2007, from the Lower Cretaceous (Barremian–Aptian) of Iran, originally interpreted as a lobster (Malacostraca, Eucarida, Decapoda), is reinterpreted herein as a representative of a seroloid isopod crustacean (Malacostraca, Peracarida, Isopoda). The body orientation of the fossil is reversed, and the alleged cephalothoracic shield is reinterpreted as being the pleotelson. Tricarina gadvanensis, with its unique configuration of pleonite fusion (pleonites 1–4 are free, whereas pleonite 5, with still visible epimera, is fused with the pleotelson), is suggested to represent a close relative of Serolidae. The preservation of T. gadvanensis in deepwater shales speaks for conservativeness in environmental preferences of seroloid isopods for at least 125 million years.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © 2019, The Paleontological Society

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Tricarina gadvanensis is an isopod: reinterpretation of an alleged lobster from the Lower Cretaceous of Iran
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