Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Calcipatera cottonwoodensis, a new membranous late Paleozoic calcareous alga

  • A. M. Torres (a1), R. R. West (a2) and R. S. Sawin (a3)

Abstract

A new morphological type of Paleozoic calcareous alga is represented by Calcipatera cottonwoodensis n. gen. and sp., a codiacean species found in the Cottonwood Limestone Member, Lower Permian, of eastern Kansas. The new species, as reconstructed from serial sections of weathered out, in situ, intact specimens, had a broadly obconical, cup-like membranous thallus. The internal structure of the membrane as seen in cross section consisted of a medulla with mosaic sparry calcite and bilateral cortices with calcite packets forming utricular molds similar to those of other known membranous algae. The sparry calcite apparently replaced the lightly calcified or uncalcified intercoenocytic spaces in the medulla and the calcite crystals replaced the interutricular aragonite. The organism had previously been identified as Anchicodium Johnson.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Blackman, F. F., and Tansley, A. G. 1902. A revision of the classification of the green algae. New Phytologist, 1:20, 114.
Crowley, D. J. 1969. Algal-bank complex in Wyandotte Limestone (Late Pennsylvanian) in eastern Kansas. Kansas Geological Survey Bulletin 198, 52 p.
Hillis-Colinvaux, L. 1980. Ecology and taxonomy of Halimeda: primary producers of coral reefs. Journal for the Advancement of Marine Biology, 17:1327.
Johnson, J. H. 1946. Lime-secreting algae from the Pennsylvanian and Permian of Kansas. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 57:10871120.
Konishi, K., and Wray, J. L. 1961. Eugonophyllum, a new Pennsylvanian and Permian algal genus. Journal of Paleontology, 35:659666.
Kutzing, F. T. 1843. Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. F. A. Brockhaus, Leipzig, 458 p.
Laporte, L. F. 1962. Paleoecology of the Cottonwood Limestone (Permian), northern mid-continent. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 73:521544.
Papenfuss, G. F. 1955. Classification of the algae, p. 115224. In Kessel, E. L. (ed.), A Century of Progress in the Natural Sciences 1853–1953. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco.
Pascher, A. 1914. Uber Flagellaten und Algen. Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft, 32:136160.
Perret, M. F., and Vachard, D. 1977. Algues et pseudo-algues de Calcaires Serpoukhoviens d'Ardengost (Hautes Pyrenees). Annales de Paleontologie. Invertebres, 63:85156.
Pray, L. C., and Wray, J. L. 1963. Porous algal facies (Pennsylvanian) Honaker Trail, San Juan Canyon, Utah, p. 204234. In Bass, R. O. (ed.), Shelf Carbonates of the Paradox Basin. Four Corners Geological Society Symposium, Fourth Field Conference, Durango.
Riding, R. (ed.). 1991. Calcareous Algae and Stromatolites. Springer-Verlag, New York, 571 p.
Silva, P. C. 1980. Names of classes and families of living algae. Regnum Vegetabile, 103:1156.
Skompski, S. 1981. Morphology and systematic position of the Carboniferous algal genus Calcifolium. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie Monatshefte, 1981(3):165179.
Tappan, H. 1980. The Paleobiology of Plant Protists. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, 1,028 p.
Toomey, D. F. 1976. Paleosynecology of a Permian plant dominated marine community. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie Abhandlungen, 152:118.
Torres, A. M., and Baars, D. L. 1992a. Using the term utricle. Journal of Paleontology, 66:688.
Torres, A. M., and Baars, D. L. 1992b. Anchicodium Johnson: branched or phylloid? Journal of Paleontology, 66:675677.
Warming, E. 1884. Haandbog i den systematiske botanik. Anden gjennemsete udgave. Kjobenhavn, 434 p.
Wray, J. L. 1977. Calcareous Algae. Elsevier, New York, 185 p.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed