Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

First fossil orthoptera from the Jurassic of North America

  • Dena M. Smith (a1), Mark A. Gorman (a2), Jason D. Pardo (a3) and Bryan J. Small (a4)
Abstract

A new species of Orthoptera, Parapleurites morrisonensis, is described from the upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Colorado, USA. This is the first insect described from the Morrison Formation and the first orthopteran described from the Jurassic of North America. No other members of the family Locustopsidae have been described in North America previously, and the other species of Parapleurites are only known from Siberia. The lack of Jurassic Orthoptera in North America is likely due to a combination of taphonomic variables and collector bias. The discovery of Parapleurites morrisonensis and the potential for finding other Jurassic Orthoptera are important to understanding the evolution of this diverse and widely distributed group.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Ansorge, J. 1991. Locustopsis africanus n. sp. (Saltatoria, Caelifera) aus der Unterkreide SW-Aegyptens. Neues Jahrbuch Geologie und Paläontologie, Mh., 4:205212.
Behrensmeyer, A. K., Kidwell, S. M. and Gastaldo, R. A. 2000. Taphonomy and paleobiology. Paleobiology, 26:103147, Suppl. S.
Béthoux, O. 2009. Gaps and nodes between fossil and extant insects. Systematic Entomology, 34:599609.
Béthoux, O. and Nel, A. 2001. Venation pattern of Orthoptera. Journal of Orthoptera Research, 10:195198.
Béthoux, O. and Nel, A. 2002. Venation pattern and revision of Orthoptera sensu nov. and sister groups. Phylogeny of Paleozoic and Mesozoic Orthoptera sensu no. Zootaxa, 96:188.
Béthoux, O. and Ross, A. 2005. Mesacridites Riek, 1954 (Middle Triassic; Australia) transferred from Protorthoptera to Orthoptera: Locustavidae. Journal of Paleontology, 79:607610.
Brauer, F., Redtenbacher, J. and Ganglbauer, L. 1889. Fossile insekten aus der Juraformation Ost-Sibiriens. Memoires Academy Imperial Sciences, St. Petersburg, Series 7, 36:122. (In German).
Brown, J. T. 1975. Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous Ginkgophytes from Montana. Journal of Paleontology, 49:724730.
Flook, P. K., Klee, S., and Rowell, C. H. F. 1999. A combined molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Orthoptera and its implications for their higher systematics. Systematic Biology, 48:233253.
Flook, P. K., Klee, S., and Rowell, C. H. F. 2000. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the basal Acridomorpha (Orthoptera, Caelifera): Resolving morphological character conflicts with molecular data. Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution, 15:345354.
Gorman, M. A. II, Miller, I. M., Pardo, J. D., and Small, B. J. 2008. Plants, fish, turtles, and insects from the Morrison Formation: A Late Jurassic ecosystem near Cañon City, Colorado, p. 295310. In Raynolds, R. G. (ed.), Roaming the Rocky Mountains and Environs. Geological Field Trips, Field Guide 10. Geological Society of America, Boulder.
Gorochov, A. V. 2001. On the higher classification of the Polyneoptera (short course). Acta Geologica Leopoldensia, 24:1156.
Gorochov, A. V., Jarzembowski, E. A. and Coram, R. A. 2006. Grasshoppers and crickets (Insecta: Orthoptera) from the lower Cretaceous of southern England. Cretaceous Research, 27:641662.
Grimaldi, D. and Engel, M. S. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Handlirsch, A. 1906. Die fossilen insekten und die phylogenie der rezenten Formen. Ein Handbuch für Paläeontologen und Zoologen. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 1430 p. (In German).
Hong, Y. C. and Wang, W. L. 1990. Insect fossils from the Laiyang Formation, p. 44189. In Regional Geological Surveying Team (eds.), The Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of Laiyang Basin, Shandong Province. Geological Publishing House, Beijing. (In Chinese).
Jarzembowski, E. A. and Coram, R. 1997. New fossil insect records from the Purbeck of Dorset and the Wealden of Weald. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society, 118:119124.
Kevan, D. K. McE. 1982. Orthoptera, p. 352379. In Parker, S. P. (ed.), Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms, Vol. 2. McGraw-Hill, New York.
Lin, Q. B. 1982. Insecta, p. 329332. In Nanjing Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources (ed.), Paleontological Atlas of East China, Late Paleozoic Volume. Geological Publishing House, Beijing. (In Chinese).
Martins-Neto, R. G. 1998. A new genus of the family Locustopsidae (Insecta, Caelifera) in the Santana Formation (Lower Cretaceous, Northeast Brazil). Revista Espańola de Paleontología, 13:133138.
Martins-Neto, R. G. 2003. Systematics of the Caelifera (Insecta: Orthopteroidea) from the Santana Formation, Araipe Basin (Lower Cretaceous, northeast Brazil), with a description of new genera and species. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 46(suppl.-Fossil Insects):205228.
Pardo, J. A., Huttenlocker, A., Small, B. J., and Gorman, M. 2010. The cranial morphology of a new genus of lungfish (Ostiechthyes: Dipnoi) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30:13521359.
Parrish, T. P., Peterson, F. and Turner, C. E. 2004. Jurassic “savannah”—plant taphonomy and climate of the Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic, Western USA). Sedimentary Geology, 167:137162.
Rasnityn, A. P. and Quicke, D. L. J. 2002. History of Insects. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.
Ross, A. J. and Jarzembowski, E. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta), p. 363426. In Benton, I. and Whyte, M. A. (eds.), The Fossil Record, 2nd Edition. Chapman and Hall, London.
Rowell, P. K. and Flook, C. H. F. 1997. The phylogeny of the Caelifera (Insecta: Orthoptera) as deduced from mtrRNA gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 8:89103.
Rowell, P. K., and Flook, C. H. F. 2001. Caelifera: Shorthorned grasshoppers, locusts and relatives, Version 2.3, March 2001. http://tolweb.org/Caelifera/13316/2001.03.23 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/.
Sharov, A. G. 1968. Filogeniya ortopteroidnykh nasekomykh. Trudy Palaeontologicheskovo Instituta Akademii nauk SSSR, 118:1216. (In Russian).
Tidwell, W. D. 1990. Preliminary report on the megafossil flora of the UpperJurassic Morrison Formation. Hunteria, 2:112.
Tidwell, W. D., Britt, B. B., and Ash, S. R. 1998. Preliminary floral analysis of the Mygatt-Moore quarry in the Jurassic Morrison Formation, west-central Colorado. Modern Geology, 22:341378.
Tidwell, W. D., Connely, M., and Britt, B. B. 2006. A flora from the base of the upper Jurassic Morrison Formation near Como Bluff, Wyoming, USA. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, 36:171182.
Tillyard, R. J. 1922. Mesozoic insects of Queensland. Orthoptera, and additions to the Protorthoptera, Odonata, Hemiptera and Planipennia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 48:447470.
Zeuner, H. 1942. The Locustopsidae and the phylogeny of the Acridodea (Orthoptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series B, 11:118.
Zessin, W. 1983. Revision der mesozoischen Familie Locustopsidae unter Berücksichtigung neuer Funde (Orthopteroida, Caelifera). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 30:173237. (In German).
Zessin, W. 1988. Neue Saltatoria (Insecta) aus dem Oberlias Mittleleuropas. Freiberger Forschungshefte C, 419:107115.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed