Skip to main content
×
Home

Ichnofauna from coastal meandering channel systems (Upper Cretaceous Tremp Formation, South-Central Pyrenees, Spain): delineating the fluvial-tidal transition

  • Davinia Díez-Canseco (a1) (a2), Luis A. Buatois (a3), M. Gabriela Mángano (a3), Margarita Díaz-Molina (a1) and M. Isabel Benito (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

The Upper Cretaceous “redbeds” of the lower Tremp Formation (South-Central Pyrenees, Spain) contains an ichnofauna consisting of Taenidium barretti, Taenidium bowni, Loloichnus isp., Arenicolites isp., Planolites isp., and Palaeophycus isp. This ichnofauna occurs in deposits formed in tide-influenced meander loops and their associated overbank mudflats. Evaluation of the taphonomic controls on the Tremp ichnofauna shows that (1) two morphotypes of Taenidium barretti are controlled by the substrate consistence, (2) Arenicolites may be enlarged by erosion processes, and (3) Taenidium barretti and Planolites isp. are not the same ichnotaxa showing different types of preservation. The meniscate fill in Taenidium barretti suggests that this structure was produced by deposit feeders. The Tremp ichnofauna is grouped into two trace-fossil assemblages, a depauperate subaquatic monospecific Planolites suite and an assemblage representing the Scoyenia Ichnofacies. Trace-fossil distribution reflects paleoenvironmental changes in the meandering channels along the stratigraphic section with the Planolites suite in the lowermost part of the lower interval and the Scoyenia Ichnofacies in the middle and upper intervals. The lowermost suite may be likely formed seaward of the maximum salinity limit, under extreme brackish-water conditions, whereas the Scoyenia Ichnofacies records a freshwater assemblage that was formed landward of the maximum salinity limit, reflecting deltaic progradation.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Alonso-Zarza A.M., 2003, Palaeoenvironmental significance of palustrine carbonates and calcretes in the geological record: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 60, p. 261298.
Ansell A.D., 1962, Observations on burrowing in the Veneridae (Eulamellibranchia): Biological Bulletin, Woods Hole, v. 123, p. 521530.
Astre G., 1937, Un annélide sabellien dans le Garumnien de Saldes: Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturalle de Toulouse, v. 71, p. 192194.
Baceta J.I., Pujalte V., Serra-Kiel J., Robador A., and Orue-Etxebarria X., 2004, El Maastrichtiense final, Paleoceno e Ilerdiense inferior de la Cordillera Pirenaica, in Vera, J.A., ed., Geología de España, Madrid, Sociedad Geológica de España-Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, p. 308313.
Baucon A., and Felletti F., 2013, Neoichnology of a barrier-island system: the Mula di Muggia (Grado lagoon, Italy): Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 375, p. 112124.
Bedatou E., Melchor R.N., Bellosi E., and Genise J.F., 2008, Crayfish burrows from Late Jurassic–Late Cretaceous continental deposits of Patagonia: Argentina. Their palaeoecological, palaeoclimatic and palaeobiogeographical significance: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 257, p. 169184.
Bottjer D.J., and Droser M.L., 1991, Ichnofabric and basin analysis: Palaios, v. 6, p. 199205.
Bown T.M., and Kraus M.J., 1983, Ichnofossils of the alluvial Willwood Formation (lower Eocene), Bighorn basin, northwest Wyoming, USA: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 43, p. 95128.
Bradshaw M.A., 1981, Paleoenvironmental interpretations and systematics of Devonian trace fossils from the Taylor Group (lower Beacon Supergroup), Antarctica: New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, v. 24, p. 615652.
Brady L.F., 1947, Invertebrate tracks from the Coconino Sandstone of northern Arizona: Journal of Paleontology, v. 21, p. 466472.
Bromley R.G., 1996, Trace fossils. Biology, Taphonomy and Applications, (second edition): London, UK, Chapman and Hall, 361 p.
Bromley R.G., and Ekdale A., 1984, Trace fossil preservation in flint in the European chalk: Journal of Paleontology, v. 58, no. 2, p. 298311.
Buatois L.A., and Mángano M.G., 1995, The paleoenvironmental and paleoecological significance of the lacustrine Mermia ichnofacies: an archetypical subaqueous nonmarine trace fossil assemblage: Ichnos, v. 4, p. 151161.
Buatois L.A., and Mángano M.G., 2002, Trace fossils from Carboniferous floodplain deposits in western Argentina: implications for ichnofacies models of continental environments: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 183, p. 7186.
Buatois L.A., and Mángano M.G., 2004, Animal-substrate interactions in freshwater environments: applications of ichnology in facies and sequence stratigraphic analysis of fluvio-lacustrine successions, in McIlroy, D., ed., The Application of Ichnology to Palaeoenvironmental and Stratigraphic Analysis: Geological Society Special Publication, v. 228, p. 311333.
Buatois L.A., and Mángano M.G., 2011, Ichnology: Organism-substrate interactions in space and time, New York, USA, Cambridge University Press, 358 p.
Buatois L.A., Mángano M.G., and Aceñolaza F.G., 1996, Icnofaunas paleozoicas en sustratos firmes no marinos: evidencias del Pérmico de la cuenca de Paganzo: Ameghiniana, v. 33, p. 265270.
Buatois L.A., Mangano M.G., and Maples C.G., 1997, The paradox of nonmarine ichnofaunas in tidal rhythmites; integrating sedimentologic and ichnologic data from the Late Cretaceous of eastern Kansas, USA: Palaios, v. 12, p. 467481.
Buatois L.A., Mangano M.G., Maples C.G., and Lanier W.P., 1998, Ichnology of an upper Carboniferous fluvio-estuarine paleovalley: the Tonganoxie sandstone, Buildex quarry, eastern Kansas, USA: Journal of Paleontology, v. 72, p. 152180.
Buatois L.A., Gingras M.K., MacEachern J., Mángano M.G., Zonneveld J.P., Pemberton S.G., Netto R.G., and Martin A., 2005, Colonization of brackish-water systems through time: evidence from the trace-fossil record: Palaios, v. 20, p. 321347.
Buatois L.A., Uba C.E., Mángano M.G., Hulka C., and Heubeck C., 2007, Deep and intense bioturbation in continental environments: evidence from Miocene fluvial deposits of Bolivia, in Bromley, R.G., Buatois, L.A., Mángano, M.G., and Genise, J.F., eds., Sediment-Organism Interactions: A Multifaceted Ichnology: Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Publication, v. 88, p. 123136.
Carmona N.B., Buatois L.A., Ponce J.J., and Mángano M.G., 2009, Ichnology and sedimentology of a tide-influenced delta, Lower Miocene Chenque Formation, Patagonia, Argentina: trace-fossil distribution and response to environmental stresses: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 273, p. 7586.
Carmona N.B., Mángano M.G., Buatois L.A., and Ponce J.J., 2010, Taphonomy and paleoecology of the bivalve trace fossil Protovirgularia in deltaic heterolithic facies of the Miocene Chenque formation, Patagonia, Argentina: Journal of Paleontology, v. 84, p. 730738.
Counts J.W., and Hasiotis S.T., 2009, Neoichnological experiments with masked chafer beetles (coleoptera: scarabaeidae): implications for backfilled continental trace fossils: Palaios, v. 24, p. 7491.
Crandall K.A., and Buhay J.E., 2008, Global diversity of crayfish (Astacidae, Cambaridae, and Parastacidae-Decapoda) in freshwater: Hydrobiologia, v. 595, no. 1, p. 295301.
Cuevas J.L., 1992, Estratigrafía del” Garumniense” de la Conca de Tremp. Prepirineo de Lérida: Acta Geológica Hispánica, v. 27, p. 95108.
D’Alessandro A., and Bromley R.G., 1987, Meniscate trace fossils and the Muensteria-Taenidium problem: Palaeontology, v. 30, p. 743763.
D’Alessandro A., Ekdale A., and Picard M.D., 1987, Trace fossils in fluvial deposits of the Duchesne River Formation (Eocene), Uinta basin, Utah: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 61, p. 285301.
Dafoe L.T., Gingras M.K., and Pemberton S.G., 2008, Analysis of mineral segregation in Euzonus mucronata burrow structures: one possible method used in the construction of ancient Macaronichnus segregates: Ichnos, v. 15, p. 91102.
Dalrymple R.W., and Choi K., 2007, Morphologic and facies trends through the fluvial-marine transition in tide-dominated depositional systems: a schematic framework for environmental and sequence-stratigraphic interpretation: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 81, p. 135174.
Dashtgard S.E., 2011, Linking invertebrate burrow distributions (neoichnology) to physicochemical stresses on a sandy tidal flat: implications for the rock record: Sedimentology, v. 58, p. 13031325.
Dashtgard S.E., Venditti J.G., Hill P.R., Sisulak C.F., Johnson S.M., and La Croix A.D., 2012, Sedimentation across the tidal-fluvial transition in the lower Fraser River, Canada: The Sedimentary Record, v. 10, p. 49.
Díez-Canseco D., Arz J., Benito M., Díaz-Molina M., and Arenillas I., 2014, Tidal influence in redbeds: A palaeoenvironmental and biochronostratigraphic reconstruction of the Lower Tremp Formation (South-Central Pyrenees, Spain) around the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary: Sedimentary Geology, v. 312, p. 3149.
Dörjes J., and Howard J.D., 1975, Estuaries of the Georgia coast, U.S.A.: Sedimentology and biology. IV. Fluvial-marine transition indicators in an estuarine environment, Ogeechee River–Ossabaw Sound: Senckenbergiana Maritima, v. 7, p. 137179.
Ekdale A.A., 1985, Paleoecology of the marine endobenthos: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 50, p. 6381.
Ekdale A.A., and Bromley R.G., 1991, Analysis of composite ichnofabrics: an example in uppermost Cretaceous chalk of Denmark: Palaios, v. 6, p. 232249.
Esteban M., and Klappa C.F., 1983, Subaerial exposure environments, in Scholle, P.A., Bebout, D.G., and Moore, C.H., eds., Carbonate Depositional Environments: Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, v. 33, p. 196.
Fillion D., and Pickerill R.K., 1990, Ichnology of the Upper Cambrian? to Lower Ordovician Bell Island and Wabana groups of eastern Newfoundland, Canada: Palaeontographica Canadiana, v. 7, p. 1119.
Frey R.W., and Pemberton S.G., 1984, Trace fossils Facies Models, in Walker, R.G., ed., Facies Models: Geoscience Canada Reprint Series, p. 189207.
Frey R.W., and Pemberton S.G., 1987, The Psilonichnus ichnocoenose, and its relationship to adjacent marine and nonmarine ichnocoenoses along the Georgia coast: Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, v. 35, p. 333357.
Frey R.W., Curran H.A., and Pemberton S.G., 1984a, Tracemaking activities of crabs and their environmental significance: the ichnogenus Psilonichnus: Journal of Paleontology, v. 58, p. 333350.
Frey R.W., Pemberton S.G., and Fagerstrom J., 1984b, Morphological, ethological, and environmental significance of the ichnogenera Scoyenia and Ancorichnus: Journal of Paleontology, v. 58, p. 511528.
Freytet P., 1973, Petrography and paleo-environment of continental carbonate deposits with particular reference to the Upper Cretaceous and Lower Eocene of Languedoc (southern France): Sedimentary Geology, v. 10, no. 1, p. 2560.
Fürsich F.T., 1972, Thalassinoides and the origin of nodular limestone in the Corallian beds (Upper Jurassic) of southern England: Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie, und Paläontologie, v. 3, p. 136156.
Fürsich F.T., 1974, On Diplocraterion Torell 1870 and the significance of morphological features in vertical, spreiten-bearing, U-shaped trace fossils: Journal of Paleontology, v. 48, no. 5, p. 952962.
Fürsich F.T., 1981, Invertebrate trace fossils from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal: Comunicaçôes dos Serviços Geológicos de Portugal, v. 67, p. 153168.
Gerdol V., and Hughes R.G., 1994, Feeding behaviour and diet of Corophium volutator in an estuary in southeastern England: Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 114, p. 103108.
Gibert J.M., and Domènech R., 2008, Trazas fósiles de nuculoideos (Protovirgularia) del Mioceno marino de la Cuenca del Vallès-Penedès: Revista Española de Paleontología, v. 23, p. 129138.
Gingras M.K., Pemberton S.G., Saunders T., and Clifton H.E., 1999, The ichnology of modern and Pleistocene brackish-water deposits at Willapa Bay, Washington; variability in estuarine settings: Palaios, v. 14, p. 352374.
Gingras M.K., Räsänen M., and Ranzi A., 2002, The significance of bioturbated inclined heterolithic stratification in the southern part of the Miocene Solimoes Formation, Rio Acre, Amazonia Brazil: Palaios, v. 17, p. 591601.
Goldring R., and Pollard J., 1996, Ichnotaxonomic revision and the importance of type material: Palaeontology Newsletter, v. 31, p. 78.
Goldring R., Pollard J., and Taylor A., 1997, Naming trace fossils: Geological Magazine, v. 134, no. 2, p. 265268.
Gregory M.R., Martin A.J., and Campbell K.A., 2004, Compound trace fossils formed by plant and animal interactions: quaternary of northern New Zealand and Sapelo Island, Georgia (USA): Fossils and Strata, v. 51, p. 88105.
Haldeman S.S., 1840, Supplement to number one of ‘A monograph of the Limniades, and other freshwater bivalve shells of the apparently new animals in different classes, and names and characters of the subgenera in Paludina and Anculosa, Philadelphia, J. Dobson.
Hall J., 1847, Palaeontology of New York, Albany, C. Van Benthuysen, v. 1, 338 p.
Häntzschel W., 1975, Trace fossils & Problematica, in Teichert, C., ed., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part W, Miscellanea, 2d ed.: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America (and University of Kansas Press), 269 p.
Hasiotis S.T., 2004, Reconnaissance of Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation ichnofossils, Rocky Mountain Region, USA: paleoenvironmental, stratigraphic, and paleoclimatic significance of terrestrial and freshwater ichnocoenoses: Sedimentary Geology, v. 167, p. 177268.
Hasiotis S.T., and Mitchell C.E., 1993, A comparison of crayfish burrow morphologies: Triassic and Holocene fossil, paleo-and neo-ichnological evidence, and the identification of their burrowing signatures: Ichnos, v. 2, p. 291314.
Hasiotis S.T., Mitchell C.E., and Dubiel R.F., 1993, Application of morphologic burrow interpretations to discern continental burrow architects: lungfish or crayfish?: Ichnos, v. 2, p. 315333.
Heer O., 1876–77, Flora fossilis Hevetiae. Die vorweltliche Flora der Schweiz: J. Würster & Co, 182 p.
Heinberg C., 1974, A dynamic model for a meniscus filled tunnel (Ancorichnus n. ichnogen.) from the Jurassic Pecten Sandstone of Milne Land, East Greenland: Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse Rapport, v. 62, 20 p.
Hovikoski J., Gingras M.K., Räsänen M., Rebata L.A., Guerrero J., Ranzi A., Melo J., Romero L., del Prado H.N., and Jaimes F., 2007, The nature of Miocene Amazonian epicontinental embayment: High-frequency shifts of the low-gradient coastline: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 119, p. 15061520.
Hovikoski J., Lemiski R., Gingras M.K., Pemberton S.G., and MacEachern J.A., 2008a, Ichnology and sedimentology of a mud-dominated deltaic coast: Upper Cretaceous Alderson Member (Lea Park Fm), western Canada: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 78, p. 803824.
Hovikoski J., Räsänen M., Gingras M.K., Ranzi A., and Melo J., 2008b, Tidal and seasonal controls in the formation of Late Miocene inclined heterolithic stratification deposits, western Amazonian foreland basin: Sedimentology, v. 55, p. 499530.
Howard J.D., and Frey R.W., 1975, Estuaries of the Georgia coast, U.S.A.: Sedimentology and biology, II. Regional animal-sediment characteristics of Georgia estuaries: Senckenbergiana Maritima, v. 7, p. 33103.
Howard J.D., Elders C.A., and Heinbokel J.F., 1975, Estuaries of the Georgia Coast, U.S.A.: Sedimentology and biology, V. Animal-sediment relationships in estuarine point bar deposits, Ogeechee River–Ossabaw Sound: Senckenbergiana Maritima, v. 7, p. 181203.
Johnson S.M., and Dashtgard S.E., 2014, Inclined heterolithic stratification in a mixed tidal-fluvial channel: Differentiating tidal versus fluvial controls on sedimentation: Sedimentary Geology, v. 301, p. 4153.
Keighley D., and Pickerill R., 1994, The ichnogenus Beaconites and its distinction from Ancorichnus and Taenidium: Palaeontology, v. 37, p. 305338.
Kluijver M.J., and Ingalsuo S.S., 1999, Macrobenthos of the North Sea-Crustacea, Marine Species Indentification Portal. http://www.species-identification.org/species.php?species_group=crustacea&id=303&menuentry=soorten (accessed November 2014).
Krapovickas V., Ciccioli P.L., Mángano M.G., Marsicano C.A., and Limarino C.O., 2009, Paleobiology and paleoecology of an arid–semiarid Miocene South American ichnofauna in anastomosed fluvial deposits: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 284, p. 129152.
Krapovickas V., Mancuso A.C., Arcucci A.B., and Caselli A.T., 2010, Fluvial and eolian ichnofaunas from the Lower Permian of South America (Patquía Formation, Paganzo Basin): Geologica Acta, v. 8, no. 4, p. 449462.
Larsen R.J., and Marx M.L., 1990, Statistics, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 800 p.
Lewis D.W., and Ekdale A.A., 1992, Composite ichnofabric of a mid-Tertiary unconformity on a pelagic limestone: Palaios, v. 7, p. 222235.
Linck O., 1949, Lebens-Spuren aus dem Schilfsandstein (Mittl. Keuper km 2) NW-Württemberfs und ihre Bedeutung für die Bildungsgeschichte der Stufe: Jahreshefte des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg, v. 97–101, p. 1100.
López-Martínez N., 2001, La extinción de los dinosaurios y su registro en los Pirineos Meridionales: Actas de las II Jornadas Internacionales sobre Paleontología de Dinosaurios y su Entorno, Salas de los Infantes, Spain, Colectivo Arqueológico-Paleontológico de Salas, p. 7198.
López-Martínez N., Arribas M., Robador A., Vicens E., and Ardèvol L., 2006, Los carbonatos Danienses (Unidad 3) de la Fm Tremp (Pirineos Sur-Centales): Paleogeografía y relación con el límite Cretácico-Terciario: Revista de la Sociedad Geológica de España, v. 19, p. 233255.
MacEachern J.A., and Gingras M.K., 2007, Recognition of brackish-water trace fossil suites in the Cretaceous Western interior seaway of Alberta, Canada, in Bromley, R.G., Buatois, L.A., Mangano, G., Genise, J.F., and Melchor, R.N., eds., Sediment-Organism Interactions: A Multifacted Ichnology: Society for Sedimentary Geology Core Workshop, v. 88, p. 149194.
MacEachern J.A., and Pemberton S.G., 1994, Ichnological aspects of incised valley fill systems from the Viking Formation of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin, Alberta, Canada, in Boyd, R., Zaitlin, B.A., and Dalrymple, R.W., eds., Incised Valley Systems: Origin and Sedimentary Sequences: Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Publication, v. 51, p. 129157.
Mángano M.G., and Buatois L.A., 2004, Ichnology of Carboniferous tide-influenced environments and tidal flat variability in the North American Midcontinent, in McIlroy, D., ed., The application of ichnology to palaeoenvironmental and stratigraphic analysis, London, UK, Geological Society Special Publications, v. 228, p. 157178.
Mángano M.G., Buatois L.A., West R.R., and Maples C.G., 1998, Contrasting behavioral and feeding strategies recorded by tidal-flat bivalve trace fossils from the Upper Carboniferous of eastern Kansas: Palaios, v. 13, p. 335351.
Mángano M.G., Buatois L.A., Maples C.G., and West R.R., 2002, Ichnology of a Pennsylvanian equatorial tidal flat; the Stull Shale Member at Waverly, eastern Kansas: Kansas Geological Survey, v. 245, p. 1133.
Maples C.G., and West R.R., 1990, Trace-fossil taxonomy and substrate fluidity: An example using Late Carboniferous bivalve traces: 13th International Sedimentological Congress, Abstracts of Papers, 328 p.
Mayoral E., and Calzada. S, 1998, Reinterpretación de Spirographites ellipticus Astre, 1937 como una pista fósil de Artrópodos no marinos en el Cretácico superior (facies Garumn) del Prepirineo Catalán (NE de España): Geobios, v. 31, p. 633643.
McIlroy D., Worden R., and Needham S., 2003, Faeces, clay minerals and reservoir potential: Journal of the Geological Society, v. 160, p. 489493.
Meadows P., and Reid A., 1966, The behaviour of Corophium volutator (Crustacea: Amphipoda): Journal of Zoology, v. 150, p. 387399.
Melchor R.N., Genise J.F., Farina J.L., Sánchez M.V., Sarzetti L., and Visconti G., 2010, Large striated burrows from fluvial deposits of the Neogene Vichina Formation, La Rioja, Argentina: A crab origin suggested by neoichnology and sedimentology: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 291, p. 400418.
Mey P., Nagtegaal P., Roberti K., and Hartevelt J., 1968, Lithostratigraphic subdivision of post-hercynian deposits in the south-central Pyrenees, Spain: Leidse Geologische Mededelingen, v. 41, p. 221228.
Minter N.J., Braddy S.J., and Davis R.B., 2007, Between a rock and a hard place: arthropod trackways and ichnotaxonomy: Lethaia, v. 40, p. 365375.
Morrissey L.B., and Braddy S.J., 2004, Terrestrial trace fossils from the Lower Old Red Sandstone, southwest Wales: Geological Journal, v. 39, no. 3–4, p. 315336.
Nagtegaal P.J.C., Vanvliet A., and Brouwer J., 1983, Syntectonic coastal offlap and concurrent turbidite deposition-the Upper Cretaceous Aren Sandstone in the South-Central Pyrenees, Spain: Sedimentary Geology, v. 34, p. 185218.
Needham S., Worden R., and Cuadros J., 2006, Sediment ingestion by worms and the production of bio-clays: a study of macrobiologically enhanced weathering and early diagenetic processes: Sedimentology, v. 53, p. 567579.
Netto R.G., and Rossetti D.F., 2003, Ichnology and salinity fluctuations: A case study from the early Miocene (Lower Barreiras Formation) of Sao Luís Basin, Maranhano, Brazil: Revista brasileira de Paleontología, v. 6, p. 518.
Nicholson H.A., 1873, Contributions to the study of the errant annelides of the older Palaeozoic rocks: Royal Society London Proceedings, v. 21, p. 288290.
O’Geen A.T., and Busacca A.J., 2001, Faunal burrows as indicators of paleo-vegetation in eastern Washington, USA: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 169, p. 2337.
Pallas P.S., 1766, Miscellanea zoologica: Hagae Comitum, Apud Petrum Van Cleef, 224 p.
Pemberton S.G., and Frey R.W., 1982, Trace fossil nomenclature and the Planolites-Palaeophycus dilemma: Journal of Paleontology, v. 56, p. 843881.
Pemberton S.G., and Gingras M.K., 2005, Classification and characterizations of biogenically enhanced permeability: AAPG bulletin, v. 89, p. 14931517.
Pemberton S.G., and Wightman D.M., 1992, Ichnological characteristics of brackish water deposits, in Pemberton, S.G., ed., Applications of ichnology to petroleum exploration: A core workshop: Society for Sedimentary Geology Core Workshop, v. 17, p 141167.
Pemberton S.G., Spila M., Pulham A.J., Saunders T., MacEachern J.A., Robbins D., and Sinclair I.K., 2001, The application of Ichnofacies analysis to the evaluation of marginal marine reservoirs: Ichnology & Sedimentology of Shallow to Marginal Marine Systems. Geological Association of Canada Short Course, v. 15, p. 155179.
Percy J.A., 1999, Keystone Corophium: Master of the Mudflats: Fundy Issues Series BoFEP, v. 13, http://www.bofep.org/corophium.htm (accessed June 2016).
Puigdefàbregas C., Muñoz J., and Vergés J., 1992, Thrusting and foreland basin evolution in the southern Pyrenees, in McClay, K.R., ed., Thrust Tectonics, Berlin, Germany, Springer, p. 247254.
Rebata L.A., Gingras M.K., Räsänen M.E., and Barberi M., 2006a, Tidal-channel deposits on a delta plain from the Upper Miocene Nauta Formation, Marañón Foreland Sub-basin, Peru: Sedimentology, v. 53, p. 9711013.
Rebata L.A., Räsänen M.E., Gingras M.K., Vieira V. Jr, Barberi M., and Irion G., 2006b, Sedimentology and ichnology of tide-influenced Late Miocene successions in western Amazonia: The gradational transition between the Pebas and Nauta formations: Journal of South American Earth Sciences, v. 21, p. 96119.
Riera V., Oms O., Gaete R., and Galobart A., 2009, The end-Cretaceous dinosaur succession in Europe: The Tremp Basin record (Spain): Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 283, p. 160171.
Rosell J., 1965, Estudio geológico del sector del Prepirineo com-prendido entre los ríos Segre y Noguera Ribagorzana (Provincia de Lérida): Pirineos, v. 21, p. 1225.
Rosell J., Linares R., and Llompart C., 2001, El “Garumniense” Prepirenaico: Revista de la Sociedad Geológica de España, v. 14, no. 1–2, p. 4756.
Rossi C., 1997, Microcodium y trazas fósiles de invertebrados en facies continentales (Paleoceno de la Cuenca de Áger, Lérida): Revista de la Sociedad Geológica de España, v. 10, p. 371391.
Salter J.W., 1857, On annelide-burrows and surface-markings from the Cambrian rocks of the Longmynd. Quarterly: Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 13, p. 199206.
Sarkar S., and Chaudhuri A.K., 1992, Trace fossils in Middle to late triassic fluvial redbeds, Pranhita-Godavari Valley, South India: Ichnos, v. 2, p. 719.
Savrda C.E., Blanton-Hooks A.D., Collier J.W., Drake R.A., Graves R.L., Hall A.G., Nelson A.I., Slone J.C., Williams D.D., and Wood H.A., 2000, Taenidium and associated ichnofossils in fluvial deposits, Cretaceous Tuscaloosa Formation, eastern Alabama, southeastern USA: Ichnos, v. 7, p. 227242.
Schlirf M., Uchman A., and Kümmel M., 2001, Upper Triassic (Keuper) non-marine trace fossils from the Hassberge area (Franconia, south-eastern Germany): Paläontologische Zeitschrift, v. 75, p. 7196.
Scotese 2001, Paleomap project. http://www.Scotese.com/K/t.htm (accessed November 2014).
Seilacher A., 1964, Biogenic sedimentary structures, in Imbrie, J., and Newell, N., eds., Approaches to Paleoecology, New York, John Wiley and Sons, p. 296316.
Seilacher A., 1967, Bathymetry of trace fossils: Marine Geology, v. 5, p. 413428.
Seilacher A., and Seilacher E., 1994, Bivalvian trace fossils: a lesson from actuopaleontology: Courier Forschungsinstitut Institut Senckenberg, v. 169, p. 515.
Shiers M.N., Mountney N.P., Hodgson D.M., and Cobain S.L., 2014, Depositional controls on tidally influenced fluvial successions, Neslen Formation, Utah, USA: Sedimentary Geology, v. 311, p. 116.
Sisulak C.F., and Dashtgard S.E., 2012, Seasonal controls on the development and character of Inclined Heterolithic Stratification in a tide-influenced, fluvially dominated channel: Fraser River, Canada: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 82, p. 244257.
Smith J.J., Hasiotis S.T., Kraus M.J., and Woody D.T., 2008, Naktodemasis bowni: New Ichnogenus and Ichnospecies for Adhesive Meniscate Burrows (AMB), and Paleoenvironmental Implications, Paleogene Willwood Formation, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming: Journal of Paleontology, v. 82, p. 267278.
Squires R.L., and Advocate D.M., 1984, Meniscate burrows from Miocene lacustrine-fluvial deposits, Diligencia Formation, Orocopia Mountains, Southern California: Journal of Paleontology, v. 58, p. 593597.
Stanley K.O., and Fagerstrom J.A., 1974, Miocene invertebrate trace fossils from a braided river environment, western Nebraska, USA: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 15, p. 6382.
Taylor A., and Goldring R., 1993, Description and analysis of bioturbation and ichnofabric: Journal of the Geological Society, v. 150, no. 1, p. 141148.
Thomas R.G., Smith D.G., Wood J.M., Visser J., Calverley-Range E.A., and Koster E.H., 1987, Inclined heterolithic stratification-terminology, description, interpretation and significance: Sedimentary Geology, v. 53, p. 123179.
Torell O, 1870, Petrificata Suecana Formationis Cambricae, Lunds, Univ. Arsskr. 6. Avdel. 2, v. 8, p. 114.
Trueman E.R., 1966, Bivalve mollusks: fluid dynamics of burrowing: Science, v. 152, p. 523525.
Uchman A., 1995, Taxonomy and palaeoecology of flysch trace fossils: the Marnoso-arenacea Formation and associated facies (Miocene, Northern Apennines, Italy): Beringeria, v. 15, p. 3115.
Vialov O.S., 1962, Problematica of the Beacon Sandstone at Beacon Height West, Antarctica: New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, v. 5, p. 718732.
Vila B., Galobart À., Canudo J., Le Loeuff J., Dinarès-Turell J., Riera V., Oms O., Tortosa T., and Gaete R., 2012, The diversity of sauropod dinosaurs and their first taxonomic succession from the latest Cretaceous of southwestern Europe: clues to demise and extinction: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 350–352, p. 1938.
Vila B., Oms O., Fondevilla V., Gaete R., Galobart À., Riera V., and Canudo J.I., 2013, The latest succession of dinosaur tracksites in Europe: hadrosaur ichnology, track production and palaeoenvironments: PloS one, v. 8, p. e72579.
White D., 1929, Flora of the Hermit Shale, Grand Canyon, Arizona: Publications Carnegie Institution 405, 221 p.
Zenker J. C., 1836, Historisch-topographisches Taschenbuch von Jena und seiner Umgebung besonders in naturwissenschaftlicher und medizinischer Bezjehung, Wackenhoder, Jena, Germany338 p.
Zonneveld J.P., Lavigne J.M., Bartels W.S., and Gunnell G.F., 2006, Lunulichnus tuberosus ichnogen. and ichnosp. nov. from the Early Eocene Wasatch Formation, Fossil Butte National Monument, Wyoming: an arthropod-constructed trace fossil associated with alluvial firmgrounds: Ichnos, v. 13, p. 8794.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 27 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 219 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.