Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Phylloid algal microstructures enhanced by epifluorescence petrography

  • William C. Dawson (a1)

Extract

“Phylloid algae” (Pray and Wray, 1963, p. 209) are problematical fossils that occur profusely in Pennsylvanian carbonate microfacies in the United States (Wray, 1968) and many other parts of the world (Mamet, 1991). Taxonomic affinities of most phylloid alga are uncertain. The questionable affinities of phylloid algae and related paleoecologic problems have been summarized by Riding (1977), Wray (1979), and James et al. (1988) and will not, therefore, be repeated here. Our ability to establish probable taxonomic affinities of fossil calcareous algae is dependent largely upon the recognition of their internal microstructures. Because phylloid algae are very susceptible to dissolution and neomorphism, their original internal microstructures are rarely well preserved.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Cercone, K. R., Dembsik, H., and Pedone, V. A. 1987. Fluorescence of carbonates: evidence that growth zoning can be caused by dispersed organic matter (abstract). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program, 17:541.
Dawson, W. C., and Carozzi, A. V. 1986. Anatomy of a phylloid algal buildup, Raytown Limestone, Iola Formation, Pennsylvanian, southeast Kansas, U.S.A. Sedimentary Geology, 47:221261.
Dravis, J. J., and Yurewicz, D. A. 1985. Enhanced carbonate petrography using fluorescence microscopy. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 55:795804.
Heckel, P. H., and Cocke, J. M. 1969. Phylloid algal-mound complexes in outcropping Upper Pennsylvanian rocks of mid-continent. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 53:10581074.
James, N. P., Wray, J. L., and Ginsburg, R. N. 1988. Calcification of encrusting aragonitic algae (Peyssonneliaceae): implications for the origin of late Paleozoic reefs and cements. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 58:291303.
Johnson, J. H. 1956. Archaeolithophyllum, a new genus of Paleozoic coralline algae. Journal of Paleontology, 30:5355.
Mamet, B. 1991. Carboniferous calcareous algae, p. 370451. In Riding, R. (ed.), Calcareous Algae and Stromatolites. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Mazzullo, S. J. 1981. Facies and burial diagenesis of a carbonate reservoir: Chapman Deep (Atoka Field), Delaware Basin, Texas. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 65:850865.
Pedone, V. A., Cercone, K. R., and Burruss, R. C. 1990. Activators of photoluminescence in calcite: evidence from high-resolution, laser-excited luminescence spectrometry. Chemical Geology, 88:183190.
Pray, L. C., and Wray, J. L. 1963. Porous algal facies (Pennsylvanian) Honaker Trail, San Juan Canyon, Utah, p. 204234. In Bass, R. O. (ed.), Shelf carbonates of the Paradox Basin. Four Corners Geologic Society, Fourth Field Conference.
Riding, R. 1977. Problems of affinity in Paleozoic calcareous algae, p. 202211. In Flügel, E. (ed.), Fossil Algae. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Toomey, D. F., and Winland, H. D. 1973. Rock and biotic facies associated with Middle Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) algal buildup, Nena Lucia field, Nolan County, Texas. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 57:10531074.
Wray, J. L. 1964. Archaeolithophyllum, an abundant calcareous alga in limestones of the Lansing Group (Pennsylvanian), southeastern Kansas. State Geological Survey of Kansas Bulletin, 170:113.
Wray, J. L. 1968. Late Paleozoic phylloid algal limestones in the United States. XXIII International Geological Congress Proceedings, Prague, 8:113119.
Wray, J. L. 1979. Paleoenvironmental reconstructions using benthic calcareous algae. Bulletin Center Research Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 3:873879.
Wray, J. L. 1985. Pennsylvanian algal carbonates and associated facies, central Colorado, p. 4.14.29. In Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Midyear Meeting Guidebook, Field Trip No. 4, Golden, Colorado.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed