Skip to main content
×
Home

Potential foraminiferal markers for the Visean–Serpukhovian and Serpukhovian–Bashkirian boundaries—a case-study from Central Morocco

  • Pedro Cózar (a1), Ismail Said (a1), Ian D. Somerville (a2), Daniel Vachard (a3), Paula Medina-Varea (a1), Sergio Rodríguez (a1) and Mostafa Berkhli (a4)...
Abstract

The Carboniferous succession in Adarouch (Central Morocco, north of the Atlas Transform Fault) contains thick carbonate beds including upper Visean, Serpukhovian and basal Bashkirian rocks. Foraminifers enable precise recognition of the Visean/Serpukhovian (V/S), early/late Serpukhovian (eS/lS) and Serpukhovian/Bashkirian (S/B) boundaries. Insolentitheca horrida, Loeblichia ukrainica, “Millerella” spp. and Endostaffella? sp. 2 are regarded as regionally useful indices to the V/S boundary, whereas Eostaffellina spp., Eostaffella pseudostruvei and some evolved species of Archaediscus exhibit greater reliability for worldwide correlation of this level. Similarly, the eS/lS boundary is marked locally by Brenckleina rugosa, Eosigmoilina sp., and Monotaxinoides spp. and globally by Loeblichia minima, Bradyina cribrostomata, Plectostaffella spp., Eostaffellina “protvae” and “Turrispiroides”, and the S/B boundary is marked locally by Globivalulina bulloides and globally by Seminovella elegantula, and Novella?. Occurrences of these taxa in Morocco allow correlations with the Moscow Basin, the Urals, the Donetz Basin and North America. The Moroccan assemblages share few taxa in common with Saharan basins south of the Atlas Transform Fault. Correlations with western European basins are difficult because of the paucity in the latter of foraminiferal-bearing carbonate strata.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Aisenverg D. E., Brazhnikova N. E., Vassilyuk N. P., Reitlinger E. V., Fomina E. V., and Einor O. L. 1979a. The Serpukhovian stage of the Lower Carboniferous of the U.S.S.R., p. 4359. In Wagner R. H., Higgins A. C., and Meyen S. V. (eds.), The Carboniferous of the U.S.S.R. Yorkshire Geological Society, Occasional Publication 4, Leeds.
Aisenverg D. E., Brazhnikova N. E., Vassilyuk N. P., Vdovenko M. Y., Gorak S. V., Dunaeva N. N., Zernetskaya N. V., Ppoletaev V. I., Potievskaya P. D., Rotai A. P., and Sergeeva M. T. 1979b. The Carboniferous sequence of the Donetz Basin: A standard section for the Carboniferous System, p. 197224. In Wagner R. H., Higgins A. C., and Meyen S. V. (eds.), The Carboniferous of the U.S.S.R. Yorkshire Geological Society, Occasional Publication 4, Leeds.
Aisenverg D. E., Astakhova T. V., Berchenko O. I., Brazhnikova N. E., Vdovenko M. V., Dunaev N. N., Zernetskaya N. V., Poletaev I., and Sergeeva M. T. 1983. Late Serpukhovian substage in the Donets Basin. Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoi S.S.R., Institut Geologicheskii Nauk, 164 p. (In Russian).
Alekseev A. S., Goreva N. V., Isakova T. N., and Makhlina M. Kh. 2004. Biostratigraphy of the Carboniferous in the Moscow Syneclise, Russia. Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 22: 2834.
Armstrong A. K. and Mamet B. L. 1977. Carboniferous microfacies, microfossils, and corals, Lisburne Group, Arctic Alaska. Geological Survey, Professional Paper, 849: 1144.
Austin R., Conil R., Groessens E., and Pirlet H. 1974. Étude biostratigraphique de l'encrinite de Tramaka. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, Paleontologie et Hydrologie, 83: 113129.
Baesemann J. F., Brenckle P. L., and Gruzlovic P. D. 1998. Composite standard correlation of the Mississippian–Pennsylvanian (Carboniferous) Lisburne Group from Prudhoe Bay to the eastern Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska, p. 2336. In Clough J. G. and Larson F. (eds.), Short notes on Alaska geology 1997. Alaska Department of Natural Resources, Divison of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, Professional Report 118.
Baxter J. W. and Brenckle P. L. 1982. Preliminary statement on Mississippian calcareous foraminiferal successions of the Midcontinent (U.S.A.) and their correlation to western Europe. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 11: 136153.
Baxter J. W., Browne R. G., and Roberts T. G. 1975. Foraminiferal evidence for biostratigraphic parallelism between the Type Mississippian region and western Europe, p. 1824. In 8émé Congrès International du Stratigraphie du Carbonifère, Moscow, 1975, Vol. 3.
Beauchamp J. and Izart A. 1987. Early Carboniferous basins of the Atlas-Meseta domain (Morocco): Sedimentary model and geodynamic evolution. Geology, 15: 797800.
Berkhli M. 1999. Sédimentologie, biostratigraphie et stratigraphie séquentielle du NE de la Méséta occidentale marocaine pendant le Carbonifère inférieur (Viséen–Serpoukhovien) (unpublished). Thèse État, Université Moulay Ismaïl, Meknès, 290 p.
Berkhli M. and Vachard D. 2001. New biostratigraphical data from the Early Carboniferous sequences of the Adarouch area (NE Central Morocco). Newsletter on Stratigraphy, 39: 3354.
Berkhli M. and Vachard D. 2002. Le Carbonifère du Maroc central: les formations de Migoumess, de Tirhela et d'Idmarrach. Lithologie, biostratigraphie et conséquences géodynamiques. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 334: 6772.
Berkhli M., Vachard D., Paicheler J. C., and Tahiri A. 2000. Modèle sédimentaire et évolution géodynamique du Nord-Est de la Méséta occidentale marocaine au cours du Carbonifère inférieur. Comptes Rendus Academie des Sciences de Paris, Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 331: 251256.
Berkhli M., Vachard D., and Paicheler J. C. 2001. Les séries du Carbonifère inférieur de la region d'Adarouch, NE du Maroc central: Lithologie et biostratigraphie. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 32: 557571.
Bisat W. S. 1930. On Cravenoceras leion, sp. nov., the basement goniatite of the Namurian Upper Carboniferous. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 20: 2832.
Brady H. B. 1876. A monograph of Carboniferous and Permian foraminifera (the genus Fusulina excepted). Palaeontographical Society of London, 30: 1166.
Brazhnikova N. E. 1956. Foraminifers. In Fauna and flora of the Carboniferous deposits of the Galitsiysko-Volynskaya Basin N. Brazhnikova E., Ishchenko A. M., Ishchenko T. A., Novik E. O. and Shul'ga P. L. (eds.). Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoi S.S.R., Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk, Seriya Stratigrafii i Paleontologii, 10: 16103. (In Russian).
Brazhnikova N. E. 1962. Quasiendothyra and related forms from the Lower Carboniferous of the Donets Basin and other regions of Ukraine. In Material on the Upper Paleozoic of the Donbass. Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoi S.S.R., Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk, Seriya Stratigrafii i Paleontologii, 44: 348. (In Russian).
Brazhnikova N. E. 1964. On the study of Eosigmoilina from the Lower Carboniferous of the Greater Donets Basin. In Material on the Upper Paleozoic Fauna of the Donets Basin. Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoi S.S.R., Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk, Seriya Stratigrafii i Paleontologii, 48: 315. (In Russian).
Brazhnikova N. E. and Yartseva M. V. 1956. To the question of the evolution of the genus Monotaxis . Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Otdelenie Geologo-Geograficheskikh Nauk, Geologicheskiy Insitut, Voprosy Mikropaleontologii, 1: 6268. (In Russian).
Brazhnikova N. E., Vakarchuk G. I., Vdovenko M. V., Vinnichenko L. V., Karpova M. A., Kolomiets Ya. I., Potievskaya P. D., Rostovtseva L. F., and Shevchenko G. D. 1967. Microfaunal marker-horizons from the Carboniferous and Permian deposits of the Dniepr-Donets Depression. Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoi S.S.R. Institut Geologicheskikh Nauk, Trudy, Izdatelstvo “Naukova Dumka,” Kiev, 224 p. (In Russian).
Brenckle P. L. 1973. Smaller Mississippian and Lower Pennsylvanian calcareous foraminifers from Nevada. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication, 11: 182.
Brenckle P. L. 1990a. Lower Carboniferous (Mississippian) boundaries working group: Organization, results and future directions. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 130: 510.
Brenckle P. L. 1990b. Foraminiferal subdivision of the Lower Carboniferous/Mississippian in North America. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 130: 6578.
Brenckle P. L. 2005. A compendium of Upper Devonian–Carboniferous type foraminifers from the former Soviet Union. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication No. 38: 1153.
Brenckle P. L. and Groves J. R. 1981. Evolution of eostaffellid foraminifers in the Late Chesterian (L. Mississippian) strata of the North America Midcontinent. Geological Society of America. Abstracts with Programs, 13: 416.
Brenckle P. L. and Milkina N. V. 2003. Foraminiferal timing of carbonate deposition on the Late Devonian (Famennian)–Middle Pennsylvanian (Bashkirian) Tengiz Platform, Kazakhstan. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 109: 131158.
Brenckle P. L., Lane H. R., Manger W. L., and Saunders W. B. 1977. The Mississippian–Pennsylvanian boundary as an international biostratigraphic datum. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 6: 106116.
Brenckle P. L., Groves J. R., and Skipp B. 1982. A Mississippian/Pennsylvanian (mid-Carboniferous) boundary in North America based on calcareous foraminifera, p. 4250. In Ramsbottom W. H. C., Saunders W. B., and Owens B. (eds.), Biostratigraphic data for a Mid-Carboniferous boundary. Subcommission on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, Leeds.
Brenckle P. L., Baesemann J. F., Lane H. R., West R. R., Webster G. D., Langenheim R. L., Brand U., and Richards B. C. 1997a. Arrow Canyon, the mid-Carboniferous boundary stratotype, p. 1332. In Brenckle P. L. and Page W. R. (eds.), Paleoforams'97 Guidebook: Post-Conference Field Trip to the Arrow Canyon Range, Southern Nevada, U.S.A. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication 36.
Brenckle P. L., Baesemann J. F., Lane H. R., West R. R., Webster G. D., Langenheim R. L., Brand U., and Richards B. C. 1997b. Arrow Canyon, the mid-Carboniferous Boundary Stratotype, p. 149164. In XIIIth International Congress, Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Geology, Krakow (1995) Proceedings, Vol. 3.
Brenckle P. L., Lane H. R., Heckel P. H., and Ranckey E. C. 2005. Stop descriptions, p. 154. In Heckel P. H. (ed.), Stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the Mississippian Subsystem (Carboniferous System) in its Type Region, the Mississippi River Valley of Illinois, Missouri and Iowa. I.U.G.S. Subcommmision on Carboniferous Stratigraphy Guidebook for Field Conference, St. Louis, Illinois Stage Geological Survey Guidebook, 34.
Carter J. L. 1990. Subdivision of the Lower Carboniferous in North America by means of articulate Brachiopod generic ranges. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 130: 145155.
Charlot-Prat E. and Vachard D. 1989. Découverte de foraminifers serpoukhoviens (Namurien inférieur) dand la série volcano-sédimentaire de Tazekka (Maroc Oriental). Comptes Rendus, Acádemie des Sciences, Paris, 308: 11571160.
Chernysheva N. 1948. Some new species of Visean foraminifers from the Makarov District (southern Urals). Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk, No. 62, Geologiskaya Seriya, 19: 246250. (In Russian).
Collinson C., Rexroad C. B., and Thompson T. L. 1971. Conodont zonation of the North American Mississippian. Geological Society American Memoir, 127: 353396.
Conil R. 1980. Notes sur quelques foraminifères du Strunien et du Dinantien d'Europe occidentale. Annales du Société géologique de la Belgique, 103: 4353.
Conil R. and Verset Y. 1979. Résultats biostratigraphiques dans le Nord-Est du maroc Central. Coupes Goulib Akerchi (unpublished report).
Conil R., Longerstaey P. J., and Ramsbottom W. H. C. 1980. Matériaux pour l'étude micropaléontologique du Dinantien de Grande–Bretagne. Mémoires de l'Institut de Géologie de l'Université de Louvain, 30: 1187.
Conil R., Groessens E., Laloux M., Poty E., and Tourneur F. 1991. Carboniferous guide foraminifera, corals and conodonts in the Franco–Belgian and Campine basins. Their potential for widespread correlation. Courier Forschungs–Institut Senckenberg, 130: 1530.
Cózar P. 2003. Foraminiferal fauna and zonation from the Early Carboniferous of Guadiato Area (SW Spain): Comparison with European and North African foraminiferal zonal schemes and its palaeobiogeographical implications, p. 162177. In Ahr W. M., Harris P. M., Morgan W. A., and Somerville I. D., (eds.), Permo–Carboniferous carbonate platforms and reefs. SEPM, Special Publication 78, and AAPG, Memoir 83, Tulsa.
Cózar P. and Somerville I. D. 2004. New algal and foraminiferal assemblages and evidence for recognition of the Asbian–Brigantian boundary in northern England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 55: 4365.
Cózar P., Somerville H. E. A., and Somerville I. D. 2005. Foraminifera, calcareous algae and rugose corals in Brigantian (late Viséan) limestones in NE Ireland. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 56: 287300.
Cózar P., Somerville I. D., Rodríguez S., Mas R., and Medina-Varea P. 2006. Development of a late Viséan (Mississippian) mixed carbonate/siliciclastic platform in the Guadalmellato Valley (southwestern Spain). Sedimentary Geology, 183: 269295.
Cózar P., Vachard D., Somerville I. D., Berkhli M., Medina-Varea P., Rodríguez S., and Said I. 2008a. Late Viséan–Serpukhovian foraminiferans and calcareous algae from the Adarouch region (central Morocco), North Africa. Geological Journal, 43: 463485.
Cózar P., Somerville I. D., and Burgess I. 2008b. New foraminifers in the Visean/Serpukhovian boundary interval of the Lower Limestone Formation, Midland Valley, Scotland. Journal of Paleontology, 82: 906923.
Cózar P., Somerville I. D., and Burgess I. 2010. Foraminiferal, calcareous algal and problematica assemblages from the Mississippian Lower Limestone Formation in the Midland Valley, Scotland. Earth and Environmental Science, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 100: 297309.
Dedok T. A. and Hollard H. 1980. Brachiopodes du Carbonifère inférieur du Maroc central. Notes et Mémoires du Services Géologique du Maroc, 285: 285–230.
Einor O. L. 1996, The Former U.S.S.R., p. 3408. In Wagner R. H., Winkler Prins C. F., and Granados L. F. (eds.), The Carboniferous of the World III, The Former U.S.S.R., Mongolia, Middle Eastern Platform, Afghanistan and Iran. IUGS Publication 33. Instituto Tecnológico Geominero de España-Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum, Madrid.
Einor O. L., Brazhnikova N. E., Vassilyuk N. P., Gorak S. V., Dunaeva N. N., Kireeva G. D., Kotchetkoya N. M., Popov A. B., Potievskaya P. D., Reitlinger E. A., Rotai A. P., Sergeeva M. T., Teteryuk V. K., Fissunenko O. P., and Furduy R. S. 1979. The Lower-Middle Carboniferous boundary, p. 6180. In Wagner R. H., Higgins A. C., and Meyen S. V. (eds.), The Carboniferous of the U.S.S.R. Yorkshire Geological Society, Occasional Publication 4, Leeds.
Fewtrell M. D., Ramsbottom W. H. C., and Strank A. R. E. 1981. Carboniferous, p. 1569. In Jenkins D. G. and Murray J. W. (eds.), Stratigraphical Atlas of fossil foraminifera. British Micropalaeontological Society Series, Ellis Horwood, Chichester.
Fomina E. V. 1977. Particularities of the foraminiferal development in the late Serpukhovian of the Moscow Syneclise. Voprosy Mikropaleontologii, 20: 8193. (In Russian).
Gibshman N. B. 2001. Foraminiferal biostratigraphy of the Serpukhovian Stage stratotype (Zaborie Quarry, Moscow Basin). Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 19: 3134.
Gibshman N. B. 2003. Foraminifers from the Serpukhovian Stage Stratotype, the Zabor'e Quarry (Moscow Region). Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation, 11: 3963. (In Russian).
Gibshman N. B. and Baranova D. V. 2007. The foraminifers Janischewskina and ‘Millerella’, their evolutionary patterns and biostratigraphical potential for the Visean–Serpukhovian boundary, p. 269281. In Wong Th. E., (ed.), Proceedings of the XVth International Congress on Carboniferous and Permian Stratigraphy. Utrecht, The Netherlands, 2003. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
van Ginkel A. C. 2010. Systematics of the Eostaffellidae (late Paleozoic Foraminifera). Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication No. 42: 1130.
Girty G. H. 1915. The fauna of the Batesville sandstone of northern Arkansas. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 593: 2627.
Groves J. R. 1988. Calcareous foraminifers from the Bashkirian stratotype (middle Carboniferous, South Urals) and their significance for intercontinental correlations. Journal of Paleontology, 62: 368399.
Groves J. R., Nemyrovska T. I., and Alekseev A. S. 1999. Correlation of the type Bashkirian Stage (middle Carboniferous, South Urals) with the Morrowan and Atokan Series of the Midcontinental and Western United States. Journal of Paleontology, 73: 529539.
Grozdilova L. P. and Lebedeva N. S. 1950. Some staffellid species from middle Carboniferous deposits of the western slope of the Urals. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Neftyanogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Geologo-razvedochnogo Instituta (VNIGRI), Mikrofauna S.S.S.R. Sbornik 3, Novaya Seriya, 50: 545. (In Russian).
Grozdilova L. P. and Lebedeva N. S. 1954. Foraminifers of the Lower Carboniferous and Bashkirian Stage of the middle Carboniferous of the Kolva-Vishera area. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Neftyanogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Geologo-razvedochnogo Instituta (VNIGRI), Mikrofauna S.S.S.R. Sbornik 7, Novaya Seriya, 81: 4235. (In Russian).
Harris A. G., Brenckle P. L., Baesemann J. F., Krumhardt A. P., and Gruzlovic P. D. 1997. Comparison of conodont and calcareous microfossil biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy of the Lisburne Group (Carboniferous), Sadlerochit Mountains, Northeast Brooks Range, Alaska, p. 195219. In Dumoulin J. A. and Gray J. E. (eds.), Geologic studies in Alaska by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1995. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1574.
Heckel P. H. and Clayton G. 2006. The Carboniferous System. Use of the new official names for the subsytem, series and stages. Geologica Acta, 4: 403407.
Hecker M. R. and Osipova A. I. 2007. Viséan/Serpukhovian transition in the Moscow Basin (Lower Carboniferous, Russia), a review, p. 8995. In Wong Th. E. (ed.), Proceedings of the XVth International Congress on Carboniferous and Permian Stratigraphy. Utrecht, the Netherlands, 2003. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Hewitt P. C. and Conil R. 1969. Foraminifères du Méramécien et du Chestérien des Etats-Unis (Tennessee). Bulletin de la Société belge de Geologíe, Paléontologie et Hydrologie, 78: 175185.
Hoepffner Ch., Soulaimani A., and Piqué A. 2005. The Moroccan Hercynides. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 43: 144165.
Ivanova R. M. 1973a. On the stratigraphy of the middle and late Viséan from eastern slope of southern Urals. In Malakhova N. P. and Chuvashov B. I. (eds.), Early Carboniferous deposits from eastern slope of southern Urals. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Uralskii Nauchnyi Tsentr, Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geokhimii, 82: 1886. (In Russian).
Ivanova R. M. 1973b. Bashkirian stage of eastern slope of southern Urals. In Malakhova N. P. and Chuvashov B. I. (eds.), Early Carboniferous deposits from eastern slope of southern Urals. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Uralskii Nauchnyi Tsentr, Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geokhimii, 82: 87102. (In Russian).
Kireeva G. D. 1949. Some new species of fusulinids from the Carboniferous limestones of the central part of the Donbass. Trudy Geologo-Issledovatel'skogo, Byuro Glavuglerazvedki, 6: 2555. (In Russian).
Korn D. 1996. Revision of the Rhenish late Viséan goniatite stratigraphy. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 117: 205212.
Korn D. 2006. Ammonoideen. In Deutsche Stratigraphische Kommission. Stratigraphie von Deutschland VI Unterkarbon (Mississippium), In Amler M. R. W. and Stoppel D. (eds.). Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften (SDGG), 41: 147170.
Korn D. and Ebbighausen V. 2008. The Early Carboniferous (Mississippian) ammonoids from the Chebket el Hamra (Jerada Basin, Morocco). Fossil Record, 11: 83156.
Korn D. and Horn M. 1997. Subdivision of the basal Early Namurian (Early Carboniferous) in the Rhenish Massif (Germany). Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 35: 115126.
Korn D., Bockwinkel J., and Ebbighausen V. 2007. The Tournaisian and Viséan ammonoid stratigraphy in North Africa. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie et Palaontologie Abh, 243: 127148.
Kossovaya O. L., Vevel' Y. A., and Zhuralev A. V. 2001. Fauna and sedimentation near the Visean/Serpukhovian boundary (Izyaya River section, Tchernyshev Swell, Subpolar Urals). Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 19: 2931.
Krainer K. and Vachard D. 2002. Late Serpukhovian (Namurian A) microfacies and carbonate microfossils from the Carboniferous of Nötsch (Austria). Facies, 46: 126.
Kulagina E. I., Pazukhin N., Kochetkova N. M., Sinitsyna Z. A., and Kochetova N. N. 2001. Stratotypes and key sections of the Bashkirian stage, Carboniferous of southern Urals). Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Ufimskii Nauchnyi Tsentr. Institut Geologii, Moskva, Nauka. 138 p. (In Russian).
Kulagina E. I., Gibshman N. B., and Nikolaeva S. V. 2008. Foraminifer-based correlation of the Chesterian Stage in the Mississippian type region, Illinois, U.S.A. with the Serpukhovian Stage of Russia. Newsletter Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 26: 1418.
Kulagina E. I., Pazukhin N., Nikolaeva S. V., Kochetova N. N., Zainakaeva G. F., Gibshman N. B., and Konovalova V. A. 2009. Serpukhovian and Bashkirian bioherm facies of the Kizil Formation in the Southern Urals, p. 7896. In Puchtov V. N., Kulagina E. I., Nikolaeva S. V., and Kochetova N. N. (eds.), Carboniferous Type Sections in Russia and Potential Global Stratotypes. Design Polygraph Service Ltd., Ufa.
Laloux M. 1988. Foraminifères du Viséen Supérieur et du Namurien du Bassin franco-belge. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 96: 205220.
Lane H. R., Brenckle P. L., Baesemann J. F., and Richards B. 1999. The IUGS boundary in the middle of the Carboniferous: Arrow Canyon, Nevada, USA. Episodes, 22: 272283.
Lemosquet Y., Conrad J., and Manger W. L. 1985. North Africa–Ammonoids, p. 367374. In Wagner R. H., Winkler Prins C. F., and Granados L. F. (eds.), The Carboniferous of the World II: Australia, Indian subcontinent, South Africa, South America and North Africa. IUGS Publication No. 20. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España/Empresa Nacional Adaro de Investigaciones Mineras, S.A., Madrid.
Loeblich A. R. and Tappan H. 1988. Foraminiferal genera and their classification. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Publisher, New York, 970 p.
Lumsden G. I. and Wilson R. B. 1961. The stratigraphy of the Archerbeck Borehole, Canonbie, Dumfriesshire. Bulletin of the Great Britain Geological Survey, 18: 1106.
Lys M. 1975. Micropaléontologie (Foraminifères) des formations marines du Carbonifère saharien, p. 3747. In 8émé Congrès International du Stratigraphie du Carbonifère, Moscow, 1975, Vol. 2.
Lys M. 1985. North Africa–Foraminifera, p. 354364. In Wagner R. H., Winkler Prins C. F., and Granados L. F. (eds.), The Carboniferous of the World II: Australia, Indian subcontinent, South Africa, South America and North Africa. IUGS Publication No. 20. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España/Empresa Nacional Adaro de Investigaciones Mineras, S.A., Madrid.
Lys M. 1988. Biostratigraphie des Dépôts du Carbonifère et du Permien du Sud-Tunisien-Micropaléontogie (Foraminifère) et Paléobiogéographie. Bulletin du Centres de Recherche Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 12: 601659.
Malakhova N. P. 1956. Foraminifera from the limestones of the Zhartim River Limestone of the southern Urals. Gorno-Geologicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Ural'skiy Filial, Trudy, 24: 2671. (In Russian).
Mamet B. L. 1970. Carbonate microfacies of the Windsor Group (Carboniferous) Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Brunswick Geological Survey Canada, Paper 70–21: 1121.
Mamet B. L. 1974. Une zonation par foraminifères du Carbonifère inférieur de la Téthys occidentale, p. 391408. In Comptes Rendus du 7me Congrès International de Stratigraphie et de Géologie du Carbonifère, Krefeld 1971, Vol. 3.
Mamet B. L. and de Batz R. 1989. Carboniferous microflora, Lisburne Group, Sadlerochit Mountains, Alaska, p. 5060. In 11th International Congress on Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Geology, Beijing 1987, Vol. 3.
Mamet B. L. and Skipp B. 1970. Preliminary foraminiferal correlations of Early Carboniferous strata in North America Cordillera. Congrés Colloquium de la Université de Liège, 55: 327348.
Mamet B. L., Madi A., Bourque P. A., and Sebbar A. 1994. Foraminifères carbonifères du Grand Erg occidental, Bassin de Béchar, Algérie. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 103: 5161.
Maslo A. and Vachard D. 1997. Inventaire critique des Eostaffellinae (foraminifères) du Carbonifère. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 40: 3969.
Massa D. and Vachard D. 1979. Le Carbonifère de Libye Occidentale: Biostratigraphie et micropaléontologie; position dans le domaine téthysien d'Afrique du Nord. Revue de l'Institut Francais du Pétrole, 34: 365.
Nemyrovska T. I. 2005. Late Visean/early Serpukhovian conodont succession from the Triollo section, Palencia (Cantabrian Mountains, Spain). Scripta Geologica, 129: 1389.
Nikitin S. N. 1890. Carboniferous deposits of the Moscow region and artesian waters in the vicinity of Moscow. Transactions Geological Committee, 5: 1182. (In Russian).
Nikolaeva S. V. and Kullmann J. 2001. Problems in lower Serpukhovian ammonoid biostratigraphy. Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 19: 3537.
Nikolaeva S. V., Kulagina E. I., Pazukhin N., and Kochetova N. N. 2001. Integrated Serpukhovian biostratigraphy in the South Urals. Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 19: 3842.
Nikolaeva S. V., Kulagina E. I., Pazukhin N., Kochetova N. N., and Konvalova A. 2009a. Paleontology and microfacies of the Serpukhovian in the Verkhnyaya Kardailovka section, south Urals, Russia: Potential candidate for the GSSP for the Viséan–Serpukhovian boundary. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 43: 165193.
Nikolaeva S. V., Akhmetshina L. Z., Konovalova A., Korobkov F., and Zainakaeva G. F. 2009b. The Carboniferous carbonates of the Dombar Hills (western Kazakhstan) and the problem of the Viséan–Serpukhovian boundary. Palaeoworld, 18: 8093.
Pareyn C. 1961. Les Massifs carbonifères du Sahara Sud-Oranais. I: Stratigraphie et tectonique. II: Paléontologie stratigraphique. Publications du Centre de Recherches Sahariennes, Géologie, 1: I: 1326, II:1–224.
Perret M. F. 1993. Recherches micropaléontologiques et biostratigraphiques (conodontes-foraminifères) dans le Carbonifère pyrénéen. Strata, Série 2, Mémoires, 21: 1597.
Perret M. F. and Vachard D. 1977. Algues et pseudo-algues des calcaires serpoukhoviens d'Ardengost (Hautes-Pyrénées). Annales de Paléontologie (Invertébrés), 3: 85156.
Pille L. 2008. Foraminifères et algues calcaires du Missississippien supérieur (Viséen supérieur–Serpukhovien): Rôles biostratigraphique, paléoécologique et paléogéographique aux échelles locale, régionale et mondiale. Thèse Université de Lille, 3 volumes, 226 p., 255, p. 72 pl. (unpublished).
Pinard S. and Mamet B. L. 1998. Taxonomie de petits foraminifère du Carbonifère supérieur–Permien inférieur du bassin de Sverdrup, Arctique canadien. Palaeontographica Canadiana, 15: 1225.
Poletaev I., Brazhnikova N. E., Vasilyuk N. P., and Vdovenko M. V. 1991. Local zones and major Lower Carboniferous biostratigraphic boundaries of the Donets Basin (Donbass). Courier Forschungs-institut Senckenberg, 130: 4750.
Poty E., Devuyst F.-X. and Hance L. 2006. Upper Devonian and Mississippian foraminiferal and rugose coral zonations of Belgium and northern France: A tool for Eurasian correlations. Geological Magazine, 143: 829857.
Ramsbottom W. H. C. and Saunders W. B. 1985. Evolution and evolutionary biostratigraphy of Carboniferous ammonoids. Journal of Paleontology, 59: 123139.
Rauzer-Chernoussova D. M. 1948. Some new species of foraminifers from Lower Carboniferous deposits of the Moscow Basin. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk, Geologicheskaya Seriya (No 19), 62: 227238. (In Russian).
Rauzer-Chernoussova D. M. and Fursenko A. V. 1937. Guide to Foraminifers from the Oil-Bearing Regions of the U.S.S.R., Part I. ONTI, NKTP, S.S.S.R., Glavnaya Redaktsiya Gorno-Toplivnoy Literatury, Leningrad and Moscow, 320 p. (In Russian).
Rauzer-Chernoussova D. M., Kireeva G. D., Leontovich L. E., Grizlova N. D., Safanova T. P., and Chernova E. I. 1951. Middle Carboniferous fusulinids from the Russian Platform and surrounding areas. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Institut Geologicheskiy Nauk, 380 p. (In Russian).
Rauzer-Chernoussova D. M., Belyaev G., and Reitlinger E. A. 1936. Upper Paleozoic foraminifers of the Pechora region. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Trudy Polyarnoy Komissii, 28: 159232. (In Russian).
Rauser-Chernoussova D. M., Bensh F. R., Vdovenko M. V., Gibshman N. B., Leven E. Ya., Lipina O. A., Reitlinger E. A., Solovieva M. N., and Chediya I. O. 1996. On the systematics of Paleozoic foraminifera (Endothyroida, Fusulinoida). Rossiyskaya Akademiya Nauk, Geologicheskiy Insitut, Moskva ‘Nauka’, 207 p. (In Russian).
Reitlinger E. A. 1949. Smaller foraminifers in the lower part of the middle Carboniferous of the Middle Urals and Kama River area. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk S.S.S.R., Seriya Geologicheskaya, 6: 149164. (In Russian).
Reitlinger E. A. 1956. Lasiodiscidae, new family. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Otdelenie Geologo-Geograficheskikh Nauk, Geologicheskiy Institut, Voprosy Mikropaleontologii, 1: 6978. (In Russian).
Reitlinger E. A. 1963. On a single paleontological criterion for establishment of Lower Carboniferous boundaries based on the foraminiferal fauna. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Geologicheskiy Institut, Voprosy Mikropaleontologii, 7: 2256. (In Russian).
Reitlinger E. A. 1975. Paleozoogeography of Visean and Namurian basins based on foraminifers. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Geologicheskiy Institut, Voprosy Mikropaleontologii, 18: 320. (In Russian).
Reitlinger E. A. 1980. On the problem of the boundary between the Bogdanovsky and Krasnopolyansky horizons and on the foraminifera of the Homoceras Zone. Voprosy Mikropaleontologii, 23: 2338. (In Russian).
Reitlinger E. A. 1981. On the systematics of the endothyrids. Akademiya Nauk S.S.S.R., Geologicheskiy Institut, Voprosy Mikropaleontologii, 24: 4359. (In Russian).
Rich M. 1986. Foraminifera stratigraphy and regional interpretation of the Bangor Limestone in northwestern Georgia. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 16: 110134.
Richards, B. C. and Task Group. 2009. Report of the Task Group to establish a GSSP close to the existing Viséan-Serpukhovian boundary. Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 27: 1012.
Richards, B. C. and Task Group. 2010. Report of the Task Group to establish a GSSP close to the existing Viséan-Serpukhovian boundary. Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 28: 3034.
Riley N. J. 1992. Foraminiferal and algal biostratigraphy of Rowlands Gill Borehole, 643 (BGS BH reference NZ15NE/276). Report of the Palaeontological Department, British Geological Survey, Report PDL 92/132R.
Said I. 2005. Estudio de los corales rugosos con disepimentos del Mississippiense del NE de la meseta marroquí (sectores de Adarouch y Agouaraï) (unpublished). , Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, 240 p.
Sebbar A. 1997. Biostratigraphie (Foraminifères) du Carbonifère Moyen, Bassin de “Bechar-Mezarif”, Algerie. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 120: 205215.
Sebbar A. 1998. Foraminifères et Algues calcaires du Carbonifère, bassin de Reggane, Sahara central, Algérie. Bulletin du Service Géologique de l'Algérie, 9: 123147.
Sebbar A. and Lys M. 1989. Biostratigraphie du Carbonifère inférieur: Serpukhovien du Djebel Arlal, Bassin de Béchar, Algérie. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 32: 5362.
Sebbar A., Préat A., and Mamet B. L. 2000. Microfaciès et biozonation de la rampe mixte carbonifère du bassin de Tindouf, Algérie. Bulletin du Centre de Recherches Elf Exploration et Production, 22: 203239.
Simancas J. F., Tahira A., Azor A., González Lodeiro F., Martínez Poyatos D. J., and El Hadi H. 2005. The tectonic frame of the Variscan-Alleghanian orogen in Southern Europe and Northern Africa. Tectonophysics, 398: 181198.
Skipp B., Baeseman J. F., and Brenckle P. L. 1985. A reference area for the Mississippian-Pennsylvanian (Mid-Carboniferous) boundary in east-central Idaho, U.S.A., p. 405428. In C.R. Xth Congrès International de Stratigraphie et de Géologie du Carbonifère, Madrid, 1983. Vol. 4.
Somerville I. D. and Cózar P. 2005. Late Asbian to Brigantian (Mississippian) foraminifera from south–east Ireland: Comparison with Northern England assemblages. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 24: 131142.
Stephenson M. H., Angiolini L., Cózar P., Jadoul F., Leng M. J., Millward D., and Chenery S. 2010. Northern England Serpukhovian (early Namurian) farfield responses to southern hemisphere glaciation. Journal of the Geological Society, 167: 11711184.
Termier G. and Termier H. 1951. Sur le couches de passages du Viséen au Namurien entre M'rirt et Oulmès (Maroc central). Notes et Mémoires du Service de Mines, Carte Géologique du Maroc, 83: 107119.
Termier G., Termier H., and Vachard D. 1975. Recherches micropaléontologiques dans le Paléozoïque du Maroc central. Cahiers de Micropaléontologie, 4: 199.
Vachard D. 1977. Etude stratigraphique et micropaléontologique du Viséen de la Montagne Noire (Hérault, France). Mémoire de l'Institut de Géologie de l'Université de Louvain, 29: 111195.
Vachard D. and Aretz M. 2004. Biostratigraphical precisions on the early Serpukhovian (Late Mississippian), by means of a carbonate algal microflora (cyanobacteria, algae and pseudo-algae) from La Serre (Montagne Noire, France). Geobios, 37: 643666.
Vachard D. and Beckary S. 1991. Algues et foraminiferes Bashkirien des coal balls de la Mine Rosario (Truebano, Leon, Espagne). Révue de Paléobiologie, 10: 315357.
Vachard D. and Berkhli M. 1992. Importance des coupes du Bassin de Jérada (Maroc) pour la connaissance du Viséen terminal. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 35: 307328.
Vachard D. and Cózar P., 2004. Insolentitheca emend., Protoinsolentitheca, n. gen., and Caligellidae emends, permanent cysts of Palaeozoic Foraminifera? Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 110: 591603.
Vachard D. and Fadli D. 1991. Foraminifères, algues et pseudoalgues du Viséen du Massif des Mdakra (Maroc). Annales de la Société Géologique du Nord, Lille, 109: 185191.
Vachard D. and Maslo A. 1996. Precisions biostratigraphiques et micropaléontologiques sur le Bashkirien d'Ukraine (Carbonifère Moyen). Revue de Paléobiologie, 15: 357383.
Vachard D. and Tahiri A. 1991. Foraminifères, algues et pseudoalgues du Viséen de la région d'Oulmès (Maroc). Géologie Méditerranéene, 43: 2141.
Vachard D., Orberger B., Rividi N., Pille L., and Berkhli M. 2006. New Late Asbian/early Brigantian (Late Visean, Mississippian) dates in the Mouchenkour Formation (central Morocco): palaeogeographical consequences. Comptes Rendus Palaeovol, 5: 769777.
Vdovenko M. V. 2001. Atlas of foraminifera from the Upper Visean and Lower Serpukhovian (Lower Carboniferous) of the Donets Basin (Ukraine). Abhandlungen und Berichte für Naturkunde, 23: 93178.
Vdovenko M. V., Aisenverg D. Y., Nemirovskaya T. I., and Poletaev V. I. 1990. An overview of Lower Carboniferour biozones of the Russian Platform. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 20: 184194.
Wendt J., Kaufmann B., Belka Z., and Korn D. 2009. Carboniferous stratigraphy and depositional environments in the Ahnet Mouydir area (Algerian Sahara). Facies, 55: 443472.
Weyant M. 1985. North Africa – Introduction, p. 299303. In Wagner R. H., Winkler Prins C. F., and Granados L. F. (eds.), The Carboniferous of the World II: Australia, Indian subcontinent, South Africa, South America and North Africa. IUGS Publication No. 20. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España/Empresa Nacional Adaro de Investigaciones Mineras, S.A., Madrid.
Wu X., Jin X., Wang Y., Wang W., and Qi Y. 2009. The foraminiferal assemblage in the Visean Serpukhovian boundary interval at the Yashui section, Guizhou, South China. Newsletter on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 27: 2833.
Zeller D. E. N. 1953. Endothyroid foraminifera and ancestral fusulinids from the type Chesterian (Upper Mississippian). Journal of Paleontology, 27: 1983–199.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 77 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.