Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Revised Wuchiapingian conodont taxonomy and succession of South China

  • Dong-xun Yuan (a1) (a2), Shu-zhong Shen (a1) (a3) and Charles M. Henderson (a2)

South China has become the most important area to establish a global stratigraphic framework of the Wuchiapingian Stage because complete Wuchiapingian sequences include the GSSPs for the base and top of the stage. As the markers of the Wuchiapingian GSSP, conodonts are the most important fossil group to establish the Wuchiapingian biostratigraphic framework. However, few documents have investigated in detail the conodont biostratigraphic succession through the entire Wuchiapingian Stage. Furthermore, the conodont taxonomy of several Wuchiapingian Clarkina species is still debated. Therefore, we here review all Wuchiapingian Clarkina species from South China and figure ontogenetic growth series from juvenile to adult individuals for each valid and important species in order to revise both Wuchiapingian conodont taxonomy and the biostratigraphic succession. Based on the Penglaitan, Dukou, and Nanjiang sections, seven conodont zones (Clarkina postbitteri postbitteri, C. dukouensis, C. asymmetrica, C. leveni, C. guangyuanensis, C. transcaucasica, and C. orientalis) are recognized. The Wuchiapingian Clarkina species lineage is also reviewed to confirm the conodont biostratigraphic framework. The Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary (GLB) interval represents a sequence boundary. The time framework of the pre-Lopingian extinction interval indicates that the beginning of the end-Guadalupian regression is in the upper part of the Jinogondolella postserrata Zone, and the beginning of the early Lopingian transgression is in the lower part of the Clarkina dukouensis Zone in South China.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Revised Wuchiapingian conodont taxonomy and succession of South China
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Revised Wuchiapingian conodont taxonomy and succession of South China
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Revised Wuchiapingian conodont taxonomy and succession of South China
      Available formats
Hide All
BarskovL.S., and KororlevaN.V., 1970, Pervaya nakhodka verkhnepermskikh konodontovna territorii USSR: Doklady Akademii Nauk USSR, v. 194, p. 933934.
CaoC.Q., ZhangM.Y., ZhengQ.F., YuanD.X., ChenJ., and DingY., 2013, The Permian Capitanian stratigraphy at the Rencunping Section, Sangzhi County of Hunan and its environmental implications: Journal of Stratigraphy, v. 37, p. 485498. [in Chinese with English abstract]
ClarkD.L., and WangC.Y., 1988, Permian neogondolellids from South China: significance for evolution of serrata and carinata groups in North America: Journal of Paleontology, v. 62, p. 132138.
DuanJ.Y., 1987, Permian–Triassic conodonts from southern Jiangsu and adjacent areas, with indexes of their color alteration: Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, p. 351368. [in Chinese with English abstract]
DuanJ.Y., 1990, Bottom boundary of the Lower Yangtze region of Dalong Formation: Journal of Stratigraphy, v. 14, p. 209215. [in Chinese with English abstract]
DzkiJ., 1976, Remarks on the evolution of Ordovician conodonts: Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 21, p. 395455.
EichenbergW., 1930, Conodonten aus dem Culm des Harzes: Palaontologische Zeitschrift, v. 12, p. 177182.
FangQ., JingX.C., DengS.H., and WangX.L., 2012, Roadian–Wuchiapingian conodont biostratigraphy at the Shangsi section, northern Sichuan: Journal of Stratigraphy, v. 36, p. 692699. [in Chinese with English abstract]
FengZ.Z., HeY.B., and WuS.H., 1991, Lithofacies paleogeography of Permian of middle and lower Yangtze region: Beijing, Geological Publishing House, 282 p. [in Chinese with English abstract]
GulloM., and KozurH.W., 1992, Conodonts from the pelagic deep-water Permian of central western Sicily (Italy): Neues Jahrbuch fure Geologie und Palaeontologie, v. 184, p. 203234.
HendersonC.M., 2017, Permian conodont biostratigraphy, in Lucas, S.G., and Shen, S.Z., eds., the Permian Timescale: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 450, First published online December 14, 2016.
HendersonC.M., and MeiS.L., 2007, Geographical clines in Permian and lower Triassic gondolellids and its role in taxonomy: Palaeoworld, v. 16, p. 190201.
HendersonC.M., MeiS.L., and WardlawB.R., 2002, New conodont definitions at the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary, in Hills, L.V., Henderson, C.M., and Bamber, E.M., eds., Carboniferous and Permian of the world: Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, v. 19, p. 725735.
HendersonC.M., MeiS.L., ShenS.Z., and WardlawB.R., 2008, Resolution of the reported Upper Permian conodont occurrences from northwestern Iran: Permophiles, v. 51, p. 29.
JinY.G. (ChingY.K.), 1960, Conodonts from the Kufeng Suite (Formation) of Lungtan, Nanking: Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, v. 8, p. 242248. [in Chinese with English abstract]
JinY.G., ZhuZ.L., and MeiS.L., 1994, The Maokouan-Lopingian boundary sequences in South China: Palaeoworld, v. 4, p. 138152.
JinY.G., ShenS.Z., HendersonC.M., WangX.D., WangW., WangY., CaoC.Q., and ShangQ.H., 2006a, The Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the boundary between the Capitanian and Wuchiapingian Stage (Permian): Episodes, v. 29, p. 253262.
JinY.G., WangY., HendersonC.M., WardlawB.R., ShenS.Z., and CaoC.Q., 2006b, The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the base of Changhsingian Stage (Upper Permian): Episodes, v. 29, p. 175182.
KozurH.W., 1975, Beitrage zur conodontenfauna des Perm: Geologische Palaontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck, v. 5, p. 144.
KozurH.W., 1989, The taxonomy of the gondolellid conodonts in the Permian and Triassic: Courier Forschungs Institut Senckenberg, v. 117, p. 409469.
KozurH.W., 1995, Permian conodont zonation and its importance for the Permian stratigraphic standard scale: Geologisch Palaeontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck, v. 20, p. 165205.
LambertL.L., BellG.L., FronimosJ.A., WardlawB.R., and YisaM.O., 2010, Conodont biostratigraphy of a more complete Reef Trail Member section near the type section, latest Guadalupian Series type region: Micropaleontology, v. 56, p. 233253.
LiZ.H., 1991, Conodont fauna from the lower part of the Upper Permian Wujiaping Formation in Wufeng County, Hubei Province: Bulletin of the Yichang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, v. 17, p. 95106. [in Chinese with English abstract]
LiZ.S., ZhanL.P., DaiJ.Y., JinR.G., ZhuX.F., ZhangJ.H., HuangH.Q., XuD.Y., YanZ., and LiH.M., 1989, Study on the Permian–Triassic Biostratigraphy and Event Stratigraphy of Northern Sichuan and Southern Shaanxi: Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 435 p. [in Chinese with English abstract]
LindstroemM., 1970, A suprageneric taxonomy of the conodonts: Lethaia, v. 3, p. 427445.
MeiS.L., and HendersonC.H., 2001, Evolution of Permian conodont provincialism and its significance in global correlation and paleoclimate implication: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 170, p. 237260.
MeiS.L., and WardlawB.R., 1994, Jinogondolella: a new genus of Permian Gondolellids: International Symposium on Permian Stratigraphy, Environments and Resources, Abstracts, Guiyang, China, p. 20–21.
MeiS.L., and WardlawB.R., 1996, On the Permian “liangshanensis-bitteri” zone and the related problems, in Wang, H.Z., and Wang, X.L., eds., Centennial Memorial Volume of Professor Sun Yunzhu: Stratigraphy and Palaeontology, China University of Geosciences Press, Wuhan, p. 130140.
MeiS.L., JinY.G., and WardlawB.R., 1994a, Succession of Wuchiapingian conodonts from northeastern Sichuan and its worldwide correlation: Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, v. 11, p. 121139.
MeiS.L., JinY.G., and WardlawB.R., 1994b, Zonation of conodonts from the Maokouan- Wuchiapingian boundary strata, South China: Palaeoworld, v. 4, p. 225233.
MeiS.L., JinY.G., and WardlawB.R., 1994c, Succession of conodont zones from the Permian “Kuhfeng” Formation, Xuanhan, Sichuan and its implications in global correlation: Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, v. 33, p. 123. [in Chinese with English abstract]
MeiS.L., JinY.G., and WardlawB.R., 1998a, Conodont succession of the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary strata in Laibin of Guangxi, China and West Texas, USA: Palaeoworld, v. 9, p. 5376.
MeiS.L., ZhangK.X., and WardlawB.R., 1998b, A refined succession of Changhsingian and Griesbachian neogondolellid conodonts from the Meishan section, candidate of the global stratotype section and point of the Permian-Triassic boundary: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 143, p. 213226.
MeiS.L., HendersonC.M., and CaoC.Q., 2004, Conodont sample-population approach to defining the base of the Changhsingian Stage, Lopingian Series, Upper Permian, in Beaudoin, A.B., and Head, M.J., eds., The palynology and Micropalaeontology of Boundaries: Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 230, p. 105121.
NafiM., XiaW.C., and ZhangN., 2006, Late Permian (Changhsingian) conodont biozonation and the basal boundary, Ganxi section, Western Hubei Province, south China: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 43, p. 121133.
NestellM.K., and WardlawB.R., 1987, Upper Permian Conodonts from Hydra, Greece: Journal of Paleontology, v. 61, p. 758772.
OrchardM.J., NassichukW.W., and RuiL., 1994, Conodonts from the lower Griesbachian Otoceras latilobatum bed of Selong, Tibet and the position of the Permian-Triassic boundary: Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, v. 17, p. 823843.
ShenS.Z., 2007, The conodont species Clarkina orientalis (Barskov and Koroleva, 1970) and its spatial and temporal distribution: Permophiles, v. 50, p. 2537.
ShenS.Z., and MeiS.L., 2010, Lopingian (Late Permian) high-resolution conodont biostratigraphy in Iran with comparison to South China zonation: Geological Journal, v. 45, p. 135161.
ShenS.Z., and ShiG.R., 2009, Latest Guadalupian brachiopods from the Guadalupian/Lopingian boundary GSSP section at Penglaitan in Laibin, Guangxi, South China and implications for the timing of the pre-Lopingian crisis: Palaeoworld, v. 18, p. 152161.
ShenS.Z., and ZhangY.C., 2008, Earliest Wuchiapingian (Lopingian, late Permian) brachiopods in southern Hunan, South China: implications for the pre-Lopingian crisis and onset of Lopingian recovery/radiation: Journal of Paleontology, v. 82, p. 924937.
ShenS.Z., WangY., HendersonC.M., CaoC.Q., and WangW., 2007, Biostratigraphy and lithofacies of the Permian System in the Laibin-Heshan area of Guangxi, South China: Palaeoworld, v. 16, p. 120139.
ShengJ.Z., ChenC.Z., WangY.G., RuiL., LiaoZ.T., HeJ.W., JiangN.Y., and WangC.Y., 1987, New advances on the Permian and Triassic boundary of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui, in Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Academia Sinica, ed.,Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of Systemic Boundaries in China. Permian-Triassic Boundary (1): Nanjing, Nanjing University Press, p. 121. [in Chinese with English abstract]
SunD.Y., and XiaW.C., 2006, Identification of the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary in the Permian in a bedded chert sequence, south China: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 236, p. 272289.
SunY.D., LiuX.T., YanJ.X., LiB., ChenB., BondD.P.G., JoachimskiM.M., WignallP.B., WangX., and LaiX.L., 2017, Permian (Artinskian to Wuchapingian) conodont biostratigraphy in the Tieqiao section, Laibin area, South China: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 465, p. 4263.
TeichertC., KummelB., and SweetW.C., 1973, Permian–Triassic strata, Kuh-e-Ali, Bashi, northwestern Iran: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, v. 145, p. 359472.
TianS.G., 1993a, Evolution of conodont genera Neogondolella, Hindeodus and Isarcicella in Northwestern Hunan, China: Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of China, v. 2, p. 173191. [in Chinese with English abstract]
TianS.G., 1993b, The Permo-Triassic boundary and conodont zones in northwestern Hunan Province: Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Ser.1, v. 26, p. 133150. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangC.Y., 1993, Conodonts of Lower Yangtze Valley—An Index to Biostratigraphy and Organic Metamorphic Maturity: Beijing, Science Press, 326 p. [in Chinese]
WangC.Y., 2000, The base of the Lopingian Series—restudy of the Penglaitan section: Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, v. 17, p. 117. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangC.Y., 2001, Discussion on the definition of the lower boundary of the Lopingian and its location in the Penglaitan section, Laibin, Guangxi, China: Geological Review, v. 47, p. 113118. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangC.Y., 2002, Arguments about the definition and the point of the basal boundary of the Lopingian: Geological Review, v. 48, p. 234241. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangC.Y., and DongZ.C., 1991, Permian conodonts from Suoxiyu in Cili County, Hunan: Acta Micropalacontologica Sinica, v. 8, p. 4156. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangC.Y., and WangZ.H., 1981, Permian conodont biostratigraphy of China, in Teichert, C., Liu, L., and Chen, P.-J., eds., Paleontology in China, 1979: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 187, p. 227–236.
WangC.Y., and KozurH.W., 2007, On the new definition of the base of the Lopingian Series: Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, v. 24, p. 320329. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangC.Y., QinZ.S., SunY.K., and ZhuX.S., 1997, Age of Gallowayinella and the lower limit of the Changhsingian Stage of China based on conodonts: Journal of Stratigraphy, v. 21, p. 100108. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangC.Y., WuJ.J., and ZhuT., 1998, Permian conodonts from the Penglaitan Section, Laibin County, Guangxi, China and the base of the Wujiapingian Stage; Lopingian Series: Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, v. 15, p. 225235. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangG.Q., and XiaW.C., 2004, Upper Permian conodonts zonation and its implication in western Hubei Province: Geological Science and Technology Information, v. 23, p. 3034. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WangY., and HendersonC.M., 2003, Report of the workshop “Lopingian Stratigraphy and Events”: Permophiles, v. 43, p. 57.
WangY., ShenS.Z., CaoC.Q., WangW., HendersonC.M., and JinY.G., 2006, The Wuchiapingian-Changhsingian boundary (Upper Permian) at Meishan of Changxing County, South China: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 26, p. 575583.
WangY., SadlerP.M., ShenS.Z., ErwinD.H., ZhangY.C., WangX.D., WangW., CrowleyJ.L., and HendersonC.M., 2014, Quantifying the process and abruptness of the end-Permian mass extinction: Paleobiology, v. 40, p. 113129.
WangZ.H., 1978, Permian–Lower Triassic conodonts of the Liangshan area, southern Shaanxi: Acta Palaeotologica Sinica, v. 17, p. 213232. [in Chinese with English abstract]
WardlawB.R., and CollinsonJ.W., 1979, Youngest Permian conodont faunas from the Great Basin and Rocky Mountain regions, in Sandberg, C.A., and Clark, D.L., eds., Conodont biostratigraphy of the Great Basin and Rocky Mountains: Brigham Young University Geology Studies, v. 26, p. 151164.
WardlawB.R., and MeiS.L., 1998, A discussion of the early reported species of Clarkina (Permian Conodonta) and the possible origin of the genus: Palaeoworld, v. 9, p. 3352.
WardlawB.R., and NestellM.K., 2010, Latest Middle Permian conodonts from the Apache Mountains, West Texas: Micropaleontology, v. 56, p. 149184.
YangB.Z., ZhangN., and XiaW.C., 2008, Conodont fauna and sedimentary environment of Wuchiapingian of Upper Permian in Shizhu area, Chongqing: Geological Science and Technology Information. 27, no. 4, p. 2732. [in Chinese with English abstract]
YangZ.Y., YinH.F., WuS.B., YangF.Q., DingM.H., and XuG.R., 1987, Permian-Triassic boundary stratigraphy and fauna of South China: Beijing, Geological Publishing House, PRC Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources, Geological Memoirs, ser. 2, no. 6 379 p. [in Chinese with English abstract]
YuanD.X., ShenS.Z., HendersonC.M., ChenJ., ZhangH., and FengH.Z., 2014a, Revised conodont-based integrated high-resolution timescale for the Changhsingian Stage and end-Permian extinction interval at the Meishan sections, South China: Lithos, v. 204, p. 220245.
YuanD.X., ZhangY.C., ZhangY.J., ZhuT.X., and ShenS.Z., 2014b, First records of Wuchiapingian (Late Permian) conodonts in the Xainza area, Lhasa Block, Tibet, and their palaeobiogeographic implications: Alcheringa, v. 38, p. 546556.
YuanD.X., ChenJ., ZhangY.C., ZhengQ.F., and ShenS.Z., 2015, Changhsingian conodont succession and the end-Permian mass extinction event at the Daijiagou section in Chongqing, Southwest China: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, v. 105, p. 234251.
ZhangK.X., 1987, The Permo-Triassic conodont fauna in Changxing area, Zhejiang Province and its stratigraphic significance: Earth Science-Journal of China University of Geosciences, v. 12, p. 193200. [in Chinese]
ZhangK.X., LaiX.L., TongJ.N., and JiangH.S., 2009, Progresses on study of conodont sequence for the GSSP section at Meishan, Changxing, Zhejiang Province, South China: Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, v. 48, p. 474486.
ZhangL.L., ZhangN., and XiaW.C., 2008, Conodont succession in the Guadalupian-Lopingian boundary interval (upper Permian) of the Maoershan section, Hubei Province, China: Micropaleontology, v. 63, p. 433446.
ZhaoJ.K., ShengJ.Z., YaoZ.Q., LiangX.L., ChenC.Z., RuiL., and LiaoZ. T., 1981, The Changhsingian and the Permian-Triassic boundary in South China: Bulletin of the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, 2, 112 p. [in Chinese with English abstract]
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 28 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 86 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 15th September 2017 - 21st October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.