Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Silicified microbiota from the Paleoproterozoic Dahongyu Formation, Tianjin, China

  • Min Shi (a1), Qing-Lai Feng (a1), Maliha Zareen Khan (a1), Stanley Awramik (a2) and Shi-Xing Zhu (a3)...
Abstract
Abstract

Cherts and silicified dolostones of the ca. 1600 Ma Dahongyu Formation (uppermost Changcheng Group) from North China contain well-preserved microfossils. Cyanobacteria filaments and coccoids dominate the studied Dahongyu microbiota in the Jixian section. These microfossils show the characteristics of endobenthic, epibenthic, and allochthonous microfossils, which illustrated well a vertical distributional view of an intertidal microbiota. Large numbers and size of allochthonous microfossils are the distinguishing characteristics of this new microbiota. A few of these possess ornaments or odd morphology, which suggest their potential eukaryotic nature. Through regional comparisons, it is revealed that there was significant regional disparity within the Yanshan Basin of microbiotas during deposition of the Dahongyu Formation. The newly studied Dahongyu microbiota is similar to the microbiota from the underlying Changcheng Group, with only slight differences. The absence of typical eukaryotes and the emergence of unique microfossils (especially small fusiform microfossils) make the Dahongyu Formation and the subsequent strata of the Jixian Group distinct from contemporaneous eukaryote-bearing strata.

In the Dahongyu assemblage, 19 species were recognized, six species were identified informally and seven species were identified in open nomenclature. One new taxon of microfossil was described: Xiaohongyuia sinica Shi and Feng new genus new species.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Silicified microbiota from the Paleoproterozoic Dahongyu Formation, Tianjin, China
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Silicified microbiota from the Paleoproterozoic Dahongyu Formation, Tianjin, China
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Silicified microbiota from the Paleoproterozoic Dahongyu Formation, Tianjin, China
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

H. Agić , M. Moczydłowska , and L.M. Yin , 2015, Affinity, life cycle, and intracellular complexity of organic-walled microfossils from the Mesoproterozoic of Shanxi, China: Journal of Paleontology, v. 89, p. 2850.

S.M. Awramik , and E.S. Barghoorn , 1977, The Gunflint microbiota: Precambrian Research, v. 5, p. 121142.

N.J. Butterfield , 2007, Macroevolution and macroecology through deep time: Palaeontology, v. 50, p. 4155.

I.H. Campbell , and C.M. Allen , 2008, Formation of supercontinents linked to increases in atmospheric oxygen: Nature Geoscience, v. 1, p. 554558.

T. Cavalier-Smith , 2002, The phagotrophic origin of eukaryotes and phylogenetic classification of Protozoa: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, v. 52, p. 297354.

X. Chu , T. Zhang , Q. Zhang , and T.W. Lyons , 2007, Sulfur and carbon isotope records from 1700 to 800Ma carbonates of the Jixian section, northern China: implications for secular isotope variations in Proterozoic seawater and relationships to global supercontinental events: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 71, p. 46684692.

H.D. Holland , 2006, The oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, v. 361, p. 903915.

R.J. Horodyski , and A.J. Donaldson , 1980, Microfossils from the Middle Proterozoic Dismal Lakes Groups, Arctic Canada: Precambrian Research, v. 11, p. 125159.

E.J. Javaux , and C.P. Marshal , 2006, A new approach in deciphering early protist paleobiology and evolution: combined microscopy and microchemistry of single Proterozoic acritarchs: Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, v. 139, p. 115.

E.J. Javaux , A.H. Knoll , and M.R. Walter , 2001, Morphological and ecological complexity in early eukaryotic ecosystems: Nature, v. 412, p. 6669.

A.H. Knoll , and E.S. Barghoorn , 1976, A Gunflint-type microbiota from the Duck Creek dolomite, Western Australia: Origins of life, v. 7, p. 417423.

A.H. Knoll , and S. Golubic , 1979, Anatomy and taphonomy of a Precambrian algal stromatolite: Precambrian Research, v. 10, p 115151.

A.H. Knoll , K. Swett , and J. Mark , 1991, Paleobiology of a Neoproterozoic tidal flat/lagoonal complex: the Draken Conglomerate Formation, Spitsbergen: Journal of Paleontology, v. 65, p. 531570.

A.H. Knoll , E.J. Javaux , D. Hewitt , and P. Cohen , 2006, Eukaryotic organisms in Proterozoic oceans: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, v. 361, p. 10231038.

W.P. Lanier , 1989, Interstitial and peloid microfossils from the 2.0 Ga Gunflint Formation: implications for the paleoecology of the Gunflint stromatolites: Precambrian Research, v. 45, p. 291318.

M. Moczydłowska , E.D. Landing , W.L. Zang , and T. Palacios , 2011, Proterozoic phytoplankton and timing of Chlorophyte algae origins: Palaeontology, v. 54, p. 721733.

C.L. Monty , 1976, The Origin and Development of Cryptalgal Fabrics, in Walter M.R., ed., Stromatolites: Developments in Sedimentology: Amsterdam, Elsevier, v. 20, p. 193249.

D.Z. Oehler , 1978, Microflora of the middle Proterozoic Balbirini Dolomite (McArthur Group) of Australia: Alcheringa, v. 2, p. 269309.

J.H. Oehler , 1977, Microflora of the H.Y.C. Pyritic Shale Member of the Barney Creek Formation (McArthur Group), middle Proterozoic of northern Australia: Alcheringa, v. 1, p. 315349. Peng, Y.B., Wang, D., and Yuan, X.L., 2007, Ultrastructure of spheroidal acritarchs from the Chuanlinggou Formation of the Changcheng System: Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, v. 24, p. 194–204. [in Chinese with English summary].

Y.B. Peng , H.M. Bao , and X.L. Yuan , 2009, New morphological observations for Paleoproterozoic acritarchs from the Chuanlinggou Formation, North China: Precambrian Research, v. 168, p. 223232.

M. Santosh , 2010, A synopsis of recent conceptual models on supercontinent tectonics in relation to mantle dynamics, life evolution and surface environment: Journal of Geodynamics, v. 50, p. 116133.

M. Sharma , 2006, Palaeobiology of Mesoproterozoic Salkhan Limestone, Semri Group, Rohtas, Bihar, India: systematics and significance: Journal of Earth System Science, v. 115, p. 6798.

M. Shi , Q.L. Feng , and S.X. Zhu , 2014, Biotic evolution and its relation with geological events in the Proterozoic Yanshan Basin, North China: Science China: Earth Sciences, v. 57, p. 903918.

R.Y. Stanier , et al., 1978, Proposal to place the nomenclature of the cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) under the rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, v. 28, p. 335336.

W.B. Su , H.K. Li , W.D. Huff , F.R. Ettensohn , S.H. Zhang , H.Y. Zhou , and Y.S. Wan , 2010, SHRIMP U-Pb dating for a K-bentonite bed in the Tieling Formation, North China: Chinese Science Bulletin, v. 55, p. 33123323. [in Chinese with English summary].

K.J. Tobin , 1990, The paleoecology and significance of the Gunflint-type microbial assemblages from the Frere Formation (Early Proterozoic), Nabberu Basin, Western Australia: Precambrian Research, v. 47, p. 7181.

N.G. Vorob’eva , V.N. Sergeev , and P.Y. Petrov , 2015, Kotuikan Formation assemblage: a diverse organic-walled microbiota in the Mesoproterozoic Anabar succession, northern Siberia: Precambrian Research, v. 256, p. 201222.

S. Xiao , A.H. Knoll , A.J. Kaufman , L. Yin , and Y. Zhang , 1997, Neoproterozoic fossils in Mesoproterozoic rocks? Chemostratigraphic resolution of a biostratigraphic conundrum from the North China Platform: Precambrian Research, v. 84, p. 197220.

G.M. Young , 2013, Secular changes at the Earth’s surface; evidence from palaeosols, some sedimentary rocks, and palaeoclimatic perturbations of the Proterozoic Eon: Gondwana Research, v. 24, p. 453467.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 13
Total number of PDF views: 61 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 293 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 6th March 2017 - 18th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.