Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Seeing Marcellus in Aeneid 6*

  • Kirk Freudenburg (a1)
Abstract

This paper will examine the claims of the excudent alii (‘others will hammer out’) priamel of Aeneid 6.847–53 within the immediate context of the parade's end, where Marcellus, parading the spolia opima, is used to exemplify the claims made about fine and speculative arts belonging to the Greeks, and war and the arts of empire to the Romans. It will be shown that certain, highly specific memories of the elder Marcellus are cued by the priamel that run directly counter to Anchises’ claims. The paper will look at how these claims are spoken in character, and driven by specific narrative motives, and it will relate the mismatch of exemplified to exemplifier to certain larger patterns within the Aeneid of things being left unsaid only to stand out all the more by being left unsaid. The paper concludes with a speculative essay on the necessary reductions and revisions that go into the making, and reading, of culturally instrumentalized monuments.

Copyright
Corresponding author
kirk.freudenburg@yale.edu
Footnotes
Hide All
*

This paper was first presented as a lecture at an international conference on ‘Augustan Poetry: New Trends and Revaluations’, held at the University of Sao Paulo, 8–10 July 2015. I wish to thank Paulo Martins for organizing (yet another) stellar conference, as well as all those who provided helpful criticisms and encouragement in response to the talk (Andrea Cucchiarelli, Andrew Feldherr, Stephen Harrison, Andreas Michalopoulos, and Gianpiero Rosati). My Yale colleagues, Christina Kraus and David Quint, were tremendously helpful in reading the entire first draft and providing incisive comments and encouragement. In addition, Niek Janssen offered fresh insights and provocations that caused me to rethink some of my assertions and produce a better paper. Bill Metcalf, the Ben Lee Damsky Curator of Coins and Medals at the Yale University Art Gallery, arranged for the purchase of the Marcellus denarius that is pictured in the article below. He is to be thanked for generously sharing his numismatic expertise, and for going the extra mile in procuring a particularly fine example of the coin itself.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Anderson, W. S. 1969: The Art of the Aeneid , Englewood Cliffs, NJ
Aston, A. E. 1978: Cato the Censor, Oxford
Austin, R. G. 1977: P. Vergili Maronis Aeneidos Liber Sextus, Oxford
Barchiesi, A. 2015: Homeric Effects in Vergil's Narrative, Princeton
Beard, M. 1998: ‘Vita inscripta’, in La Biographie antique, Fondation Hardt Entretiens 44, Geneva, 83114
Berlin, N. 1998: ‘War and remembrance: Aeneid 12.554–60 and Aeneas’ memory of Troy’, American Journal of Philology 119, 1141
Bettini, M. 1991: Anthropology and Roman Culture: Kinship, Time, Images of the Soul, Baltimore
Blösel, W. 2003: ‘Die memoria der gentes als Rückgrat der kollektiven Erinnerung im republikanischen Rom’, in Eigler, U., Gotter, U., Luraghi, N. and Walter, U. (eds), Formen römischer Geschichtsschreibung von den Anfängen bis Livius, Darmstadt, 5372
Bowen, A. 2002: ‘The art of the commander and the emergence of predictive astronomy’, in Tuplin, C. J. and Rihll, T. E. (eds), Science and Mathematics in Ancient Greek Culture, Oxford, 76111
Brink, C. O. 1971: Horace on Poetry: The ‘Ars Poetica’, Cambridge
Burke, P. 1979: ‘Roman rites for the dead and Aeneid 6’, The Classical Journal 74, 220–8
Cairns, F. 1989: Virgil's Augustan Epic, Cambridge
Carawan, E. 1985: ‘The tragic history of Marcellus and Livy's characterization’, The Classical Journal 80, 131–41
Casali, S. 1995: ‘Aeneas and the doors of the temple of Apollo’, The Classical Journal 91, 19
Chaplin, J. 2000: Livy's Exemplary History, Oxford
Chaudhuri, P. 2014: The War with God: Theomachy in Roman Imperial Poetry, Oxford
Clausen, W. 2002: Virgil's Aeneid: Decorum, Allusion, and Ideology, Leipzig
Clay, J. 2011: Homer's Trojan Theater: Space, Vision, and Memory in the Iliad , Cambridge
Cole, T. 1991: ‘Who was Corax?Illinois Classical Studies 16, 6584
Davidson, J. 2009: ‘Polybius’, in Feldherr, A. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians, Cambridge, 123–36
De Jonge, C. 2015: ‘Sicily and the birth of rhetoric’, in Burgersdijk, D., Calis, R., Kelder, J., Sofroniew, A., Tusa, S. and von Beek, R. (eds), Sicily and the Sea, Zwolle, 62–4
Delaruelle, L. 1913: ‘Les souvenirs d'oeuvres plastiques dans la revue des héros au livre VI de l’Énéide ’, Revue Archéologique 1, 153–70
Dufallo, B. 2007: The Ghosts of the Past: Latin Literature, the Dead, and Rome's Transition to a Principate, Columbus, OH
Fantham, E. 2006: Julia Augusti, the Emperor's Daughter, London and New York
Feeney, D. C. 1986: ‘History and revelation in Vergil's underworld’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 32, 124
Feeney, D. C. 2007: Caesar's Calendar: Ancient Time and the Beginnings of History, Berkeley
Flower, H. 1995: ‘ Fabulae praetextae in context’, Classical Quarterly 45, 170–90
Flower, H. 1996: Ancestor Masks and Aristocratic Power in Roman Culture, Oxford
Flower, H. 2000: ‘The tradition of the spolia opima: M. Claudius Marcellus and Augustus’, Classical Antiquity 19, 3464
Flower, H. 2003: ‘Memories of Marcellus: history and memory in Roman republican culture’, in Eigler, U., Gotter, U., Luraghi, N. and Walter, U. (eds), Formen römischer Geschichtsschreibung von den Anfängen bis Livius, Darmstadt, 3952
Flower, H. 2009: ‘Alternatives to written history in republican Rome’, in Feldherr, A. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians, Cambridge, 6576
Fowler, D. 1994: ‘Postmodernism, Romantic irony, and classical closure’, in de Jong, I. J. F. and Sullivan, J. P. (eds), Modern Critical Theory and Classical Literature, Leiden, 231–56
Fowler, D. 2000: ‘The ruins of time: monuments and survival at Rome’, in Fowler, D. (ed.), Roman Constructions: Readings in Postmodern Latin, Oxford, 193217
Freudenburg, K. 1993: The Walking Muse: Horace on the Theory of Satire, Princeton
Freudenburg, K. 2010: ‘ Horatius anceps: persona and self-revelation in satire and song’, in Davis, G. (ed.), A Companion to Horace, Chichester, 271–90
Geiger, J. 2008: The First Hall of Fame: a Study of the Statues in the Forum Augustum, Leiden
Goldberg, S. 1995: Epic in Republican Rome, Oxford
Goldschmidt, N. 2013: Shaggy Crowns: Ennius’ Annales and Virgil's Aeneid , Oxford
Gowing, A. 2005: Empire and Memory: the Representation of the Roman Republic in Imperial Culture, Cambridge
Gruen, E. 1992: Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome, Ithaca, NY
Habinek, T. N. 1989: ‘Science and tradition in Aeneid 6’, Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 92, 223–55
Hardie, P. 1998: Virgil, Greece & Rome, New Surveys in the Classics, Oxford
Henderson, J. 1997: Figuring Out Roman Nobility: Juvenal's Eighth Satire, Exeter
Horsfall, N. 1976: ‘Virgil, history and the Roman tradition’, Prudentia 8, 7389
Horsfall, N. 2011: ‘ Excudent alii ’, Vergilius 57, 6373
Horsfall, N. 2013: Virgil Aeneid 6: a Commentary, Berlin
Itgenshorst, T. 2005: Tota illa pompa: der Triumph in der römischen Republik, Göttingen
Jackson, D. 1987: ‘Verism and the ancestral portrait’, Greece and Rome 34, 3247
Jaeger, M. 2008: Archimedes and the Roman Imagination, Ann Arbor
Kirichenko, A. 2013: ‘Virgil's Augustan temples: image and intertext in the Aeneid ’, Journal of Roman Studies 103, 6587
Klotz, A. 1934: ‘Die Quellen der plutarchischen Lebensbeschreibung des Marcellus’, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 83, 289316
Kondratieff, E. 2014: ‘Future city in the heroic past: Rome, Romans, and Roman landscapes in Aeneid 6–8’, in Kemezis, A. (ed.), Urban Dreams and Reality in Antiquity, Leiden, 165228
Lamacchia, R. 1964: ‘Ciceros Somnium Scipionis und das sechste Buch der Aeneis’, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 107, 261–78
Laudizi, G. 1990: ‘L'episodio di Marcello (VERG. Aen. 6, 860–886)’, in Cadoni, E. (ed.), Seminari sassaresi II, Sassari, 4761
Levene, D. 2010: Livy on the Hannibalic War, Oxford
Marincola, J. 2005: ‘Marcellus at Syracuse (Livy XXV, 24, 11–15): a historian reflects’, in Deroux, C. (ed.), Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History XII, Brussels, 219–29
McDonnell, M. 2005: ‘Aristocratic competition, horses, and the spolia opima once again’, in Aubert, J.-J. and Várhelyi, S. (eds), A Tall Order: Writing the Social History of the Ancient World: Essays in Honor of William V. Harris, Munich, 145–68
McDonnell, M. 2006: Roman Manliness: Virtus and the Roman Republic, Cambridge
Mellor, R. 2002: The Roman Historians, London and New York
Nisbet, R., and Rudd, N. 2014: A Commentary on Horace, Odes, Book III, Oxford
Norden, E. 1957: P. Vergilius Maro Aeneis Buch VI (4th edn), Stuttgart
O'Hara, J. 1990: Death and the Optimistic Prophecy in Vergil's Aeneid , Princeton
Pandey, N. 2014: ‘Reading Rome from the farther shore: Aeneid 6 in the Augustan urban landscape’, Vergilius 60, 85116
Pollini, J. 2012: From Republic to Empire, Norman, OK
Pollitt, J. 1965: The Art of Greece, 1400–31 B.C.: Sources and Documents, Englewood Cliffs, NJ
Pollitt, J. 1978: ‘The impact of Greek art on Rome’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 108, 155–74
Rawson, E. 1985: Intellectual Life in the Late Roman Republic, London
Reed, J. 2007: Virgil's Gaze: Nation and Poetry in the Aeneid , Princeton
Roller, M. 2009: ‘The exemplary past in Roman historiography and culture’, in Feldherr, A. (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians, Cambridge, 214–23
Scardigli, B. 1979: Die Römerbiographien Plutarchs, Munich
Schiesaro, A. 2015: ‘Emotions and memory in Virgil's Aeneid ’, in Cairns, D. and Fulkerson, L. (eds), Emotions between Greece and Rome, London, 163–76
Seider, A. M. 2013: Memory in Vergil's Aeneid , Cambridge
Skard, E. 1965: ‘Die Heldenschau in Vergils Aeneis ’, Symbolae Osloenses 40, 5365
Smith, A. 2005: The Primacy of Vision in Virgil's Aeneid , Austin, TX
Stahl, H.-P. 2016: Poetry Underpinning Power: Vergil's Aeneid: The Epic for Emperor Augustus, Swansea
Stewart, P. 2004: Roman Art, Oxford
Stok, F. 1988: Percorsi dell'esegesi virgiliana: due ricerche sull’Eneide , Pisa
Syme, R. 1939: The Roman Revolution, Oxford
Tarrant, R. 2012: Virgil Aeneid Book XII, Cambridge
Thomas, R. 2001: Virgil and the Augustan Reception, Cambridge
von Albrecht, M. 1967: ‘Vergils Geschichtsauffassung in der “Heldenschau”’, Wiener Studien 80, 156–82
West, D. 1993: ‘The pageant of heroes as panegyric’, in Jocelyn, H. D. (ed.), Tria Lustra: Essays and Notes Presented to John Pinsent, Liverpool, 283–96
Wigodsky, M. 1972: Vergil and Early Latin Poetry, Hermes Einzelschriften 24, Wiesbaden
Williams, R. D. 1972: ‘The pageant of Roman heroes – Aeneid 6.756–853’, in Martyn, J. R. C. (ed.), Cicero and Virgil: Studies in Honour of Harold Hunt, Amsterdam, 207–17
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Journal of Roman Studies
  • ISSN: 0075-4358
  • EISSN: 1753-528X
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-roman-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed