Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Das Adam Smith Problem: Its Origins, the Stages of the Current Debate, and One Implication for Our Understanding of Sympathy

  • Leonidas Montes (a1)
Extract

Scholars have long been interested in the apparent dichotomy between sympathy and self-interest in Smith. The question of the consistency between The Theory of Moral Sentiments (TMS) and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (WN)—the famous Das Adam Smith Problem—is definitely still relevant for anyone attracted to Smith scholarship. Although there is some agreement that the two works are consistent and, furthermore, parts of an incomplete system, it seems that the Problem continues to attract interest, not only for its historical and philosophical appeal, but also perhaps for its implications for the current economics-and-ethics debate.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Anspach, Ralph. 1972. “The Implications of the Theory of Moral Sentiments for Adam Smith's Economic Thought.” History of Political Economy 4 (1): 176206.
Ascher, Abraham. 1963. “Professors as Propagandists: The Politics of the Katherdersozialisten.” In Blaug, Mark, ed., Pioneers in Economics, vol. 30. Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1992, pp. 7292.
Brentano, Lujo. 1877. Das Arbeitsverhältniss Gemäss dem Heutigen Recht: Geschichtliche und Ökonomische Studien. Leipzig: Verlag von Duncker & Humbolt.
Brown, Vivienne. 1994. Adam Smith's Discourse: Canonicity, Commerce and Conscience. London: Routledge.
Buckle, Henry T. 1861. On Scotland and the Scotch Intellect, edited by Hanham, Harold J.. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1970.
Caldwell, Bruce. 2001. “There Really Was a German Historical School of Economics: A Comment on Heath Pearson.” History of Political Economy 33 (3): 649–54.
Clayden, Peter W. 1887. The Early Life of Samuel Rogers. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Cliffe Leslie, Thomas E. 1870. “The Political Economy of Adam Smith.” In Essays in Political and Moral Philosophy. Dublin: Hodges, Foster, & Figgis, 1879, pp. 148–66.
Cohn, Gustav. 1873. “The History and Present State of Political Economy in Germany.” In Mizuta, Hiroshi, ed., Adam Smith: Critical Responses, vol. 1. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 6374.
Cohn, Gustav. 1894. A History of Political Economy. Reprinted in Backhouse, Roger E., ed., Early Histories of Economic Thought 1824–1914, London: Routledge, 2000, vol. 1, pp. 144286.
Cossa, Luigi. 1880. Guide to the Study of Political Economy. London: Macmillan and Co.
Crafts, Nicholas F. R. 1985. British Economic Growth During the Industrial Revolution. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Delatour, Albert. 1886. Adam Smith, sa vie, ses travaux, ses doctrines. Paris: Librairie Guillaumin Et Cie.
Dickey, Laurence. 1986. “Historicizingthe ‘Adam Smith Problem’: Conceptual, Historiographical, and Textual Issues.” Journal of Modern History 58 (3): 579609.
Dupuy, Jean-Pierre. 1987. “De L'Emancipation de L'Economie: Retour sur “le problème d'Adam Smith.” L'Année Sociologique 37: 311–12.
Dupuy, Jean-Pierre. 1990. “Deconstruction and the Liberal Order.” SubStance 62/63: 110124.
Dupuy, Jean-Pierre. 1993. “A Reconsideration of Das Adam Smith Problem.” Stanford French Review 17 (1): 4557.
Dunn, John. 1983. “From Applied Theology to Social Analysis: The Break Between John Locke and the Scottish Enlightenment.” In Hont, Istvan and Ignatieff, Michael, eds., Wealth & Virtues: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 119–36.
Eckstein, Walther. 1926. “Introduction to The Theory of Moral Sentiments.” In Mizuta, Hiroshi, ed., Adam Smith: Critical Responses, vol. 1. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 1249.
Evensky, Jerry. 1987. “The Two Voices of Adam Smith: Moral Philosopher and Social Critic.” History of Political Economy 19 (3): 447–68.
Fichte, Johann G. 1800. Der Geschlossene Handelsstaat. Ein philosophischer Entwurf als Anhang zur Rechtslehre. Tübingen: J. G. Cotta.
Fichte, Johann G. 1808. Addresses to the German Nation. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1968.
Fry, Michael. 1992. Adam Smith's Legacy: His Place in the Development of Modern Economics. London: Routledge.
Galbraith, John K. 1989. A History of Economics: The Past as the Present. London: Penguin.
Gide, Charles and Rist, Charles. 1915. A History of Economic Doctrines: From the Time of the Physiocrats to the Present Day. In Backhouse, Roger E., ed., Early Histories of Economic Thought 1824–1914, vol. 8. London: Routledge, 2000.
Griswold, Charles L. 1999. Adam Smith and the Virtues of Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Haakonssen, Knud. 1981. The Science of a Legislator: The Natural Jurisprudence of David Hume and Adam Smith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hagemann, Harald. 2001. “The Verein für Sozialpolitik from Its Foundation (1872) Until World War I.” In Augello, Massimo M. and Guidi, Marco E. L., eds., The Spread of Political Economy and the Professionalisation of Economists: Economic Societies in Europe, America and Japan in the Nineteenth Century. London: Routledge.
Harcourt, Geoff C. 1994. “What Adam Smith Really Said.” Reprinted in Capitalism, Socialism and Post-Keynesianism: Selected Essays of G. C. Harcourt. Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1995, pp. 230–38.
Hegel, Georg W. F. 18271831. “Lectures on the Philosophy of History.” In Dickey, Laurence and Nisbet, H. B., eds., Hegel's Political Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Heilbroner, Robert L. 1982. “The Socialization of the Individual in Adam Smith.” History of Political Economy 14 (3): 427–39.
Hildebrand, Bruno. 1848. Die Nationaloekonomie der Gegenwart und Zukunft. Frankfurt: J. Rütten.
Hill, Lisa. 2001. “The Hidden Theology of Adam Smith.” The European Journal ofthe History of Economic Thought 8 (1): 130.
Hodgson, Geoffrey M. 2001. How Economics Forgot History: The Problem of Historical Specificity in Social Science. London: Routledge.
Hutchison, Terence W. 1976. “The Bicentenary of Adam Smith.” Economic Journal 86 (3): 481–92.
Ingram, John K. 1888. A History of Political Economy. Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black.
Kant, Immanuel. 1787. Critique of Pure Reason, edited and translated by Smith, Norton Kemp. Hong Kong: Macmillan, 1990.
Khalil, Elias L. 1990. “Beyond Self-interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam Smith's Theory of Human Conduct.” Economics and Philosophy 6 (2): 255–73.
Knies, Karl. 1853. Die Politische Oekonomic vom Standpunkte der Geschichtliche Methode. Braunschweig: C.A. Schwetschke und Sohn (M. Bruhn).
Koslowski, Peter. 1995. The Theory of Ethical Economy in the Historical School: Wilhelm Roscher, Lorenz von Stein, Gustav Schmoller, Wilhelm Dilthey and Contemporary Theory. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Koslowski, Peter. 1997. Methodology of the Social Sciences, Ethics, and Economics in the Newer Historical School: From Max Weber and Rickert to Sombart and Rothacker. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Lamb, Robert B. 1974. “Adam Smith's System: Sympathy Not Self-Interest.” Journal of the History of Ideas 35 (4): 671–82.
Lange, Friedrich Albert. 1865. History of Materialism. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co. Ltd, 1925.
List, Friedrich. 1841. The National System of Political Economy. London: Longmans, Green, and Co, 1904.
Long, Anthony A. and Sedley, David N.. 1987. The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Macfie, Alec L. 1967. “Adam Smith's Moral Sentiments as Foundation for his Wealth of Nations.” In The Individual in Society: Papers on Adam Smith, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd, pp. 5981.
Milward, Alan S. and Saul, Samuel B.. 1977. The Development ofthe Economics of Continental Europe 1850–1940. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.
Mizuta, Hiroshi. 1967. Adam Smith's Library: A Supplement to Bonar's Catalogue with a Checklist of the whole Library. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mizuta, Hiroshi. 2000. Adam Smith: Critical Responses, 6 vols. London: Routledge.
Morrow, Glenn R. 1923. The Ethical and Economic Theories of Adam Smith. New York: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers, 1969.
Morrow, Glenn R. 1927. “Adam Smith: Moralist and Philosopher.” Journal of Political Economy 35 (3): 321–42.
Nau, Heino H. 2000. “Gustav Schmoller's Historico-Ethical Political Economy: Ethics, Politics and Economics in the Younger German Historical School, 1860–1917.” The European Journal of the History ofEconomic Thought 7 (4): 507–31.
Nicholson, Joseph S. 1870. “Introduction to the Wealth of Nations.” In Mizuta, Hiroshi, ed., Adam Smith: Critical Responses, vol 3. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 617–66.
Nieli, Russell. 1986. “Spheres of Intimacy and the Adam Smith Problem.” Journal of the History of Ideas 47 (4): 611–24.
Oncken, August. 1897. “The Consistency of Adam Smith.” Economic Journal 7 (3): 443–50.
Oncken, August. 1898. “The Adam Smith Problem.” In Mizuta, Hiroshi, ed., Adam Smith: Critical Responses, vol. 1. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 84105.
Otteson, James R. 2000. “The Recurring ‘Adam Smith Problem’”.4 History of Philosophy Quarterly 17 (1): 5174.
Pack, Spencer J. 1997. “Adam Smith on the Virtues: A Partial Resolution of the Adam Smith Problem.” Journal of the History of Economic Thought 19 (1): 127–40.
Pearson, Heath. 1999. “Was There Really a German Historical School of Economics?History of Political Economy 31 (3): 548–62.
Perlman, Mark and McCann, Charles R. Jr. 1998. The Pillars of Economic Understanding: Ideas and Traditions. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press.
Peukert, Helge. 2001. “The Schmoller Rennaisance.” History of Political Economy 33 (1): 71116.
Playfair, William. 1803. “Introduction to the Wealth of Nations.” In Mizuta, Hiroshi, ed., Adam Smith: Critical Responses, vol. 2. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 362.
Pribram, Karl. 1983. A History of Economic Reasoning. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
Rae, John. 1895. Life of Adam Smith. New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1965.
Raphael, David D. 1985. Adam Smith. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rashid, Salim. 1998. “Adam Smith's Rise to Superior Fame.” In The Myth of Adam Smith. Chelteham: Edward Elgar, pp. 135–81.
Recktenwald, Horst C. 1978. “An Adam Smith Renaissance anno 1976? The Bicentenary Output— A Reappraisal of His Scholarship.” Journal of Economic Literature 16 (1): 5683.
Reeder, John. 1997. On Moral Sentiments: Contemporary Responses to Adam Smith. Bristol: Thoemmes Press.
Robbins, Lionel. 1998. A History of Economic Thought: The LSE Lectures, edited by Medema, Steven G. and Samuels, Warren J.. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ross, Ian S. 1995. The Life of Adam Smith. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Rothschild, Emma. 1992. “Adam Smith and Conservative Economics.” Economic History Review 45 (1): 7496.
Rothschild, Emma. 2000. Economic Sentiments: Adam Smith, Condorcet, and the Enlightenment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1954. History of Economic Analysis. London: Routledge, 1994.
Scott, William A. 1915. “The Austrian School and Recent Developments.” In Ingram, John K., A History of Political Economy. London: A. & C. Black, Ltd, pp. 233–93.
Seligman, Edwin R. A. 1915. “Introduction to the Wealth of Nations.” In Mizuta, Hiroshi, ed., Adam Smith: Critical Responses, vol 3. London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 721–30.
Sen, Amartya K. 1987. On Ethics & Economics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Shionoya, Yuichi. 2001. The German Historical School: The Historical and Ethical Approach to Economics. London: Routledge.
Skaŕzyński, Witold von. 1878. Adam Smith als Moralphilosoph und Schoepfer der Nationaloekonomie: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Nationaloekonomie. Berlin: Verlag und Theobald Grieben.
Skinner, Andrew S. 1976. “Adam Smith: The Development of a System.” Scottish Journal of Political Economy 23 (2): 111–32.
Smith, Adam. 1759. The Theory of Moral Sentiments, edited by Raphael, David D. and Macfie, Alec A.. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 1984.
Smith, Adam. 1759. The Theory of Moral Sentiments, edited by Haakonssen, Knud. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Smith, Adam. 1776. An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, edited by Campbell, Roy H. and Skinner, Andrew S.. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 1981.
Smith, Adam. 1982. Lectures on Jurisprudence, edited by Meek, Ronald L., Raphael, David D. and Stein, Peter G.. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.
Smith, Adam. 1982. Essays on Philosophical Subjects, edited by Wightman, William P. D. and Bryce, James C.. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.
Smith, Adam. 1987. Correspondence of Adam Smith, edited by Mossner, Ernest C. and Ross, Ian S., Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.
Stephen, Leslie. 1876. History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century. Bristol: Thoemmes Antiquarian Books Ltd, 1991.
Stigler, George J. 1982. The Economist as a Preacher. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
IIITeichgraeber, Richard F. 1981. “Rethinking Das Adam Smith Problem.” Journal of British Studies 20 (2): 106–23.
IIITeichgraeber, Richard F. 1987. “Less Abused Than I Had Reason To Expect: The Reception of the Wealth of Nations in Britain.” The Historical Journal 30 (2): 337–66.
Tipton, Frank B. 1974. “The National Consensus in German Economic History.” Central European History 7 (3): 195224.
Trebilcock, Clive. 1981. The Industrialisation of the Continental Powers, 1780–1914. London: Longman Group Limited.
Tribe, Keith. 1988. Governing Economy: The Reformation of German Economic Discourse 1750–1840. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tribe, Keith. 1995. Strategies of Economic Order: German Economic Discourse, 1750–1950. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tribe, Keith. 1999. “Adam Smith: Critical Theorist?Journal of Economic Literature 37 (2): 609–32.
Tribe, Keith. 2000. “The Historicization of Political Economy?” In Stuchtey, Benedikt and Wende, Peter, eds., British and German Historiography 1750–1950: Traditions, Perception, and Transfers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 211–28.
Viner, Jacob. 1927. “Adam Smith and Laissez Faire.” Journal of Political Economy 35 (2): 198232.
Viner, Jacob. 1994. “Adam Smith.” In Wood, John C., ed., Adam Smith: Critical Assessments, vol. 1. London: Routledge, pp. 111–21, 1968.
Viner, Jacob. 1972. The Role of Providence in the Social Order: An Essay in Intellectual History. Philadelphia, PA: American Philosophical Society.
Walsh, Vivian. 2000. “Smith after Sen.” Review of Political Economy 12 (1): 525.
Werhane, Patricia H. 1991. Adam Smith and His Legacy for Modern Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Winch, Donald. 1978. Adam Smith's Politics: An Essay in Historiographic Revision. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Winch, Donald. 1996. Riches and Poverty: An Intellectual History of Political Economy in Britain 1750–1834. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Witztum, Amos. 1998. “A Study into Smith's Conception of the Human Character: Das Adam Smith Problem Revisited.” History of Political Economy 30 (3): 489513.
Young, Jeffrey T. 1997. Economics as a Moral Science: The Political Economy of Adam Smith. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the History of Economic Thought
  • ISSN: 1053-8372
  • EISSN: 1469-9656
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-history-of-economic-thought
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed