Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Emotional Expression and Socially Modulated Emotive Communication in Children with Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Maureen Dennis (a1) (a2), Alba Agostino (a3), H.Gerry Taylor (a4) (a5), Erin D. Bigler (a6) (a7), Kenneth Rubin (a8), Kathryn Vannatta (a9) (a10), Cynthia A. Gerhardt (a9) (a10), Terry Stancin (a5) (a11) and Keith Owen Yeates (a9) (a10)...
Abstract
Abstract

Facial emotion expresses feelings, but is also a vehicle for social communication. Using five basic emotions (happiness, sadness, fear, disgust, and anger) in a comprehension paradigm, we studied how facial expression reflects inner feelings (emotional expression) but may be socially modulated to communicate a different emotion from the inner feeling (emotive communication, a form of affective theory of mind). Participants were 8- to 12-year-old children with TBI (n = 78) and peers with orthopedic injuries (n = 56). Children with mild–moderate or severe TBI performed more poorly than the OI group, and chose less cognitively sophisticated strategies for emotive communication. Compared to the OI and mild–moderate TBI groups, children with severe TBI had more deficits in anger, fear, and sadness; neutralized emotions less often; produced socially inappropriate responses; and failed to differentiate the core emotional dimension of arousal. Children with TBI have difficulty understanding the dual role of facial emotions in expressing feelings and communicating socially relevant but deceptive emotions, and these difficulties likely contribute to their social problems. (JINS, 2013, 18, 1–10)

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence and reprint requests to: Maureen Dennis, Department of Psychology, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON. Canada, M5G 1X8. E-mail: maureen.dennis@sickkids.ca
References
Hide All
R.B. Adams Jr., N. Ambady , C.N. Macrae , R.E. Kleck (2006). Emotional expressions forecast approach-avoidance behavior. Motivation and Emotion, 30, 179188.

D.S. Bennett (2002). Facial expressivity at 4 months: A context by expression analysis. Infancy, 3, 97113.

E.T. Berkman , M.D. Lieberman (2009). Using neuroscience to broaden emotion regulation: Theoretical and methodological considerations. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3, 475493.

C. Bornhofen , S. McDonald (2008). Emotion perception deficits following traumatic brain injury: A review of the evidence and rationale for intervention. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14, 511525.

R.L. Brown (2010). Epidemiology of injury and the impact of health disparities. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 22, 321325.

S.B. Chapman , G. Sparks , H.S. Levin , M. Dennis , C. Roncadin , L. Zhang , J. Song (2004). Discourse macrolevel processing after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury. Developmental Neuropsychology, 25, 3760.

V. Croker , S. McDonald (2005). Recognition of emotion from facial expression following traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 19, 787789.

R.J. Davidson (1992). Anterior cerebral asymmetry and the nature of emotion. Brain and Cognition, 20(1), 125151.

M. Dennis , M.A. Barnes (2000). Speech acts after mild or severe childhood head injury. Aphasiology, 14, 391405.

M. Dennis , M.A. Barnes (2001). Comparison of literal, inferential, and intentional text comprehension in children with mild or severe closed head injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 16, 114.

M. Dennis , M.A. Barnes , M. Wilkinson , R.P. Humphreys (1998). How children with head injury represent real and deceptive emotion in short narratives. Brain and Language, 61, 450483.

M. Dennis , K. Purvis , M.A. Barnes , M. Wilkinson , E. Winner (2001). Understanding of literal truth, ironic criticism, and deceptive praise following childhood head injury. Brain and Language, 78, 116.

J.A. Gray (1990). Brain systems that mediate both emotion and cognition. Cognition and Emotion, 4, 269288.

M.J. Green , L.M. Williams , D. Davidson (2003). In the face of danger: Specific viewing strategies for facial expressions of threat? Cognition and Emotion, 17, 779786.

R.E. Green , G.R. Turner , W.F. Thompson (2004). Deficits in facial emotion perception in adults with recent traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychologia, 42, 133141.

R.M. Hauser , J.R. Warren (1997). Socioeconomic indexes for occupations: A review, update, and critique. Sociological Methodology, 27, 177298.

G. Hein , T. Singer (2008). I feel how you feel but not always: The empathic brain and its modulation. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 18, 153158.

L. Huang , A.D. Galinsky (2011). Mind-body dissonance: Conflict between the senses expands the mind's horizon. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 351359.

M. Ietswaart , M. Milders , J. Crawford , D. Currie , C.L. Scott (2008). Longitudinal aspects of emotion recognition in patients with traumatic brain injury. Neuropsychologia, 46, 148159.

J.A. Langlois , W. Rutland-Brown , K.E. Thomas (2005). The incidence of traumatic brain injury among children in the United States: Differences by race. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 20, 229238.

N. Leblanc , S. Chen , P. Swank , L. Ewing-Cobbs , M. Barnes , M. Dennis , R. Schachar (2005). Response inhibition after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children: Impairment and recovery. Developmental Neuropsychology, 28, 829848.

A. McKinlay , E.G.E. Kyonka , R.C. Grace , L.J. Horwood , D.M. Fergusson , M.R. MacFarlane (2010). An investigation of the pre-injury risk factors associated with children who experience traumatic brain injury. Injury Prevention, 16, 3135.

R.C. Parslow , K.P. Morris , R.C. Tasker , R.J. Forsyth , C.A. Hawley (2005). Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury in children receiving intensive care in the UK. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90, 11821187.

L. Pessoa (2008). On the relationship between emotion and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9, 148158.

C. Roncadin , S. Guger , J. Archibald , M. Barnes , M. Dennis (2004). Working memory after mild, moderate, or severe childhood head injury. Developmental Neuropsychology, 25, 2136.

J.A. Russell (1979). Affective space is bipolar. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 345356.

C. Saarni (1984). An observational study of children's attempts to monitor their expressive behavior. Child Development, 55, 15041513.

A.T. Schmidt , G.R. Hanten , X. Li , K.D. Orsten , H.S. Levin (2010). Emotion recognition following pediatric traumatic brain injury: Longitudinal analysis of emotional prosody and facial emotion recognition. Neuropsychologia, 48, 28692877.

F. Schrammel , S. Pannasch , S. Graupner , A. Mojzisch , B.M. Velichkoysky (2009). Virtual friend or threat? The effects of facial expression and gaze interaction on psychophysiological responses and emotional experience. Psychophysiology, 46, 922931.

A.J. Shackman , T.V. Salomons , H.A. Slagter , A.S. Fox , J.J. Winter , R.J. Davidson (2011). The integration of negative affect, pain and cognitive control in the cingulate cortex. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 12, 154167.

K.J. Sinopoli , M. Dennis (2012). Inhibitory control after traumatic brain injury in children. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience, 30, 207215. doi:10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2011.08.006

K.J. Sinopoli , R.S. Schachar , M. Dennis (2011). Traumatic brain injury and secondary attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents: The effect of reward on inhibitory control. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 33, 805819.

L. Spell , E. Frank (2000). Recognition of nonverbal communication of affect following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 24, 285300.

J. Tonks , W.H. Williams , I. Frampton , P. Yates , A. Slater (2007). Assessing emotion recognition in 9–15-years olds: Preliminary analysis of abilities in reading emotion from faces, voices and eyes. Brain Injury, 21, 623629.

J. Tonks , W.H. Williams , I. Frampton , P. Yates , S.E. Wall , A. Slater (2008). Reading emotions after childhood brain injury: Case series evidence of dissociation between cognitive abilities and emotional expression processing skills. Brain Injury, 22, 325332.

K.O. Yeates , E.D. Bigler , M. Dennis , C.A. Gerhardt , K.H. Rubin , T. Stancin , K. Vannatta (2007). Social outcomes in childhood brain disorder: A heuristic integration of social neuroscience and developmental psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 535556.

P.J. Yates , W.H. Williams , A. Harris , A. Round , R. Jenkins (2006). An epidemiological study of head injuries in a UK population attending an emergency department. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry, 77, 699701.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
  • ISSN: 1355-6177
  • EISSN: 1469-7661
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-neuropsychological-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 48 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 264 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 17th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.