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Baker, Jess Rose Harrison, Fleur and Low, Lee-Fay 2016. Development of two measures of client engagement for use in home aged care. Health & Social Care in the Community, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 363.
Bartlam, Bernadette and Machin, Linda 2016. Mental Health and Older People.
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JIVRAJ, STEPHEN NAZROO, JAMES and BARNES, MATT 2016. Short- and long-term determinants of social detachment in later life. Ageing and Society, Vol. 36, Issue. 05, p. 924.
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Kuiper, Jisca S. Zuidersma, Marij Zuidema, Sytse U. Burgerhof, Johannes G. M. Stolk, Ronald P Oude Voshaar, Richard C. and Smidt, Nynke 2016. Social relationships and cognitive decline: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal cohort studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, p. dyw089.
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Parisien, Manon Lorthios-Guilledroit, Agathe Bier, Nathalie Gilbert, Norma Nour, Kareen Guay, Danielle Langlois, Francis Fournier, Baptiste and Laforest, Sophie 2016. Design and Implementation of a Community Program to Promote Cognitive Vitality Among Seniors. American Journal of Health Education, Vol. 47, Issue. 2, p. 71.
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Spiteri, Damian 2016. What do older people learn from young people? Intergenerational learning in ‘day centre’ community settings in Malta. International Journal of Lifelong Education, Vol. 35, Issue. 3, p. 235.
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We examined the association of social activity with cognitive decline in 1138 persons without dementia at baseline with a mean age of 79.6 (SD = 7.5) who were followed for up to 12 years (mean = 5.2; SD = 2.8). Using mixed models adjusted for age, sex, education, race, social network size, depression, chronic conditions, disability, neuroticism, extraversion, cognitive activity, and physical activity, more social activity was associated with less cognitive decline during average follow-up of 5.2 years (SD = 2.7). A one point increase in social activity score (range = 1–4.2; mean = 2.6; SD = 0.6) was associated with a 47% decrease in the rate of decline in global cognitive function (p < .001). The rate of global cognitive decline was reduced by an average of 70% in persons who were frequently socially active (score = 3.33, 90th percentile) compared to persons who were infrequently socially active (score = 1.83, 10th percentile). This association was similar across five domains of cognitive function. Sensitivity analyses revealed that individuals with the lowest levels of cognition or with mild cognitive impairment at baseline did not drive this relationship. These results confirm that more socially active older adults experience less cognitive decline in old age. (JINS, 2011, 17, 998–1005)
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