Janulewicz, Patricia A. Krengel, Maxine H. Maule, Alexis White, Roberta F. Cirillo, Joanna Sisson, Emily Heeren, Timothy Sullivan, Kimberly and Chao, Linda 2017. Neuropsychological characteristics of Gulf War illness: A meta-analysis. PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, Issue. 5, p. e0177121.
Barth, Shannon K. Dursa, Erin K. Bossarte, Robert M. and Schneiderman, Aaron I. 2017. Trends in brain cancer mortality among U.S. Gulf War veterans: 21 year follow-up. Cancer Epidemiology, Vol. 50, p. 22.
DeBeer, Bryann B. Davidson, Dena Meyer, Eric C. Kimbrel, Nathan A. Gulliver, Suzy B. and Morissette, Sandra B. 2017. The Association Between Toxic Exposures and Chronic Multisymptom Illness in Veterans of the Wars of Iraq and Afghanistan. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 59, Issue. 1, p. 54.
Emmerich, Tanja Zakirova, Zuchra Klimas, Nancy Sullivan, Kimberly Shetty, Ashok K. Evans, James E. Ait-Ghezala, Ghania Laco, Gary S. Hattiangady, Bharathi Shetty, Geetha A. Mullan, Michael Crynen, Gogce Abdullah, Laila Crawford, Fiona and Kavushansky, Alexandra 2017. Phospholipid profiling of plasma from GW veterans and rodent models to identify potential biomarkers of Gulf War Illness. PLOS ONE, Vol. 12, Issue. 4, p. e0176634.
Barth, Shannon K. Kang, Han K. and Bullman, Tim 2016. All-Cause Mortality Among US Veterans of the Persian Gulf War. Public Health Reports, Vol. 131, Issue. 6, p. 822.
Chao, Linda L. Reeb, Rosemary Esparza, Iva L. and Abadjian, Linda R. 2016. Associations between the self-reported frequency of hearing chemical alarms in theater and regional brain volume in Gulf War Veterans. NeuroToxicology, Vol. 53, p. 246.
White, Roberta F. Steele, Lea O'Callaghan, James P. Sullivan, Kimberly Binns, James H. Golomb, Beatrice A. Bloom, Floyd E. Bunker, James A. Crawford, Fiona Graves, Joel C. Hardie, Anthony Klimas, Nancy Knox, Marguerite Meggs, William J. Melling, Jack Philbert, Martin A. and Grashow, Rachel 2016. Recent research on Gulf War illness and other health problems in veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: Effects of toxicant exposures during deployment. Cortex, Vol. 74, p. 449.
Chao, Linda L. 2016. Associations Between the Self-Reported Frequency of Hearing Chemical Alarms in Theater and Visuospatial Function in Gulf War Veterans. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 58, Issue. 10, p. 1014.
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Piermartiri, Tetsade Pan, Hongna Figueiredo, Taiza and Marini, Ann 2015. α-Linolenic Acid, A Nutraceutical with Pleiotropic Properties That Targets Endogenous Neuroprotective Pathways to Protect against Organophosphate Nerve Agent-Induced Neuropathology. Molecules, Vol. 20, Issue. 11, p. 20355.
Reinhard, Matthew J. Nassif, Thomas H. Bloeser, Katharine Dursa, Erin K. Barth, Shannon K. Benetato, Bonnie and Schneiderman, Aaron 2014. CAM Utilization Among OEF/OIF Veterans. Medical Care, Vol. 52, p. S45.
Haley, Robert W. and Tuite, James J. 2013. Epidemiologic Evidence of Health Effects from Long-Distance Transit of Chemical Weapons Fallout from Bombing Early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Neuroepidemiology, Vol. 40, Issue. 3, p. 178.
Abdullah, Laila Evans, James E. Montague, Hannah Reed, Jon M. Moser, Ann Crynen, Gogce Gonzalez, Ariel Zakirova, Zuchra Ross, Ivan Mullan, Chris Mullan, Michael Ait-Ghezala, Ghania and Crawford, Fiona 2013. Chronic elevation of phosphocholine containing lipids in mice exposed to Gulf War agents pyridostigmine bromide and permethrin. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, Vol. 40, p. 74.
McNeil, Rebecca B Thomas, Catherine M Coughlin, Steven S Hauser, Elizabeth Huang, Grant D Goldstein, Karen M Johnson, Marcus R Dunn-Thomas, Tyra and Provenzale, Dawn T 2013. An assessment of survey measures used across key epidemiologic studies of United States Gulf War I Era Veterans. Environmental Health, Vol. 12, Issue. 1,
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Abdullah, Laila Evans, James E. Bishop, Alex Reed, Jon M. Crynen, Gogce Phillips, John Pelot, Robert Mullan, Myles A. Ferro, Austin Mullan, Christopher M. Mullan, Michael J. Ait-Ghezala, Ghania and Crawford, Fiona C. 2012. Lipidomic Profiling of Phosphocholine Containing Brain Lipids in Mice with Sensorimotor Deficits and Anxiety-Like Features After Exposure to Gulf War Agents. NeuroMolecular Medicine, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 349.
Abdullah, Laila Crynen, Gogce Reed, Jon Bishop, Alex Phillips, John Ferguson, Scott Mouzon, Benoit Mullan, Myles Mathura, Venkatarajan Mullan, Michael Ait-Ghezala, Ghania and Crawford, Fiona 2011. Proteomic CNS Profile of Delayed Cognitive Impairment in Mice Exposed to Gulf War Agents. NeuroMolecular Medicine, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 275.
Many U.S. Gulf War-era veterans complained of poor cognition following the war. This study assessed neuropsychological functioning in veterans 10 years after the war through objective tests. 2189 Gulf War-era veterans (1061 deployed, 1128 non-deployed) were examined at 1 of 16 U.S. Veterans Affairs medical centers. Outcomes included neuropsychological domains derived from factor analysis and individual test scores. Deployed veterans performed significantly worse than non-deployed veterans on 2 of 8 factors (motor speed & sustained attention, analysis not corrected for multiple comparisons) and on 4 of 27 individual test variables (Trails A & B, California Verbal Learning Test – List B, and Continuous Performance Test sensitivity, with only Trails B surviving Bonferroni correction). Within deployed veterans, Khamisiyah exposure was negatively correlated with motor speed after controlling for emotional distress. Depressive symptoms and self-reported exposure to toxicants were independently and significantly associated with worse sustained attention. Other factors were also associated with self-reported exposures. The findings were not a result of differential effort across groups. Gulf War deployment is associated with subtle declines of motor speed and sustained attention, despite overall intact neuropsychological functioning. Evidence suggests that toxicant exposures influence both these functions, and depressive symptoms also influence attention. (JINS, 2009, 15, 717–729.)
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