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The relationship between employment and neuropsychological impairment in HIV infection

  • WILFRED G. VAN GORP (a1), JEFFREY P. BAERWALD (a1), STEPHEN J. FERRANDO (a1), MARTIN C. McELHINEY (a1) and JUDITH G. RABKIN (a1)...

Abstract

The relationship between neurocognitive impairment and employment in a cohort of 130 predominantly symptomatic individuals with HIV–1 infection was examined. Participants were classified as employed (full or part-time for pay) or unemployed (N = 64) and administered a neuropsychological test battery. When covarying for CD4 count, age, and physical limitations, the results revealed that unemployed men performed below that of employed participants on tasks of memory, set shifting–cognitive flexibility, and psychomotor speed. The results are discussed within the context of similar findings in other illnesses. (JINS, 1999, 5, 534–539.)

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Reprint requests to: Wilfred G. van Gorp, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, 525 E. 68th Street, Box 140, New York, NY 10021. E-mail: wvangorp@mail.med.cornell.edu

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