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  • Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Volume 18, Issue 1
  • January 2012, pp. 157-161

Volume of the Human Septal Forebrain Region Is a Predictor of Source Memory Accuracy


Septal nuclei, components of basal forebrain, are strongly and reciprocally connected with hippocampus, and have been shown in animals to play a critical role in memory. In humans, the septal forebrain has received little attention. To examine the role of human septal forebrain in memory, we acquired high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging scans from 25 healthy subjects and calculated septal forebrain volume using recently developed probabilistic cytoarchitectonic maps. We indexed memory with the California Verbal Learning Test-II. Linear regression showed that bilateral septal forebrain volume was a significant positive predictor of recognition memory accuracy. More specifically, larger septal forebrain volume was associated with the ability to recall item source/context accuracy. Results indicate specific involvement of septal forebrain in human source memory, and recall the need for additional research into the role of septal nuclei in memory and other impairments associated with human diseases. (JINS, 2012, 18, 157–161)

Corresponding author
Correspondence and reprint requests to: Tracy Butler, NYU Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, 223 East 34th Street New York, New York 10016. E-mail:
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  • ISSN: 1355-6177
  • EISSN: 1469-7661
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Type Description Title
Supplementary Table

Butler Supplementary Table
Supplementary Table 1. Neuropsychological test data for California Verbal Learning Test-II and Boston Naming Test

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