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  • Peter Gilles (a1) and Jürgen Trouvain (a2)

Luxembourgish (local language name: Lëtzebuergesch [ˈlətsəbuəjəʃ], French name: Luxembourgeois, German name: Luxemburgisch) is a small West-Germanic language mainly spoken in the multilingual speech community of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, where it is one of the three official languages alongside German and French. Being the first language of most Luxembourgers it also has the status of the national language (since 1984). Although in its origin Luxembourgish has to be considered as a Central Franconian dialect, it is nowadays regarded by the speech community as a language of its own. As a consequence, German is considered a different language. An official orthographical system has been devised. Luxembourgish is used very frequently in day-to-day oral communication at all social levels; it is very common on local radio and television; it is the only language spoken in parliament sessions and it is also very often used at the workplace. Although the vocabulary of Luxembourgish has a substantial number of loan words from French and German, the morpho-syntax follows Germanic patterns. Luxembourgish today has approximately 400,000 speakers, including many L2 speakers (around 43% of the population does not have the Luxembourgish nationality).

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Bruch, Robert. 1954. Das Luxemburgische im westfränkischen Kreis. Luxemburg.
Gilles, Peter. 1999. Dialektausgleich im Lëtzebuergeschen. Zur phonetisch-phonologischen Fokussierung einer Nationalsprache. Tübingen: Narr.
Gilles, Peter. 2002. Einflüsse der Rheinischen Akzentuierung auf die segmentelle Ebene. Evidenz aus dem Luxemburgischen. In Auer, Peter, Gilles, Peter & Spiekermann, Helmut (eds.), Silbenschnitt und Tonakzente, 265282. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
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Gilles, Peter. 2009. Wie Französisch, nur Ton 1 – Der Wortakzent des Deutschen und Luxemburgischen im Kontrast. In Dammel, Antje, Kürschner, Sebastian & Nübling, Damaris (eds.), Kontrastive germanistische Linguistik, 109140. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.
Gilles, Peter. In press. Phonological domains in Luxembourgish and their relevance for the phonological system. In Reina, Javier Caro & Szczepaniak, Renata (eds.), Phonological typology of syllable and word languages in theory and practice (linguae & litterae). Berlin & New York: de Gruyter.
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Schmitt, Ludwig Erich (ed.). 1963. Luxemburgischer Sprachatlas. Laut- und Formenatlas von Robert Bruch. Für den Druck vorbereitet von Jan Goossens (Regionale Sprachatlanten 2). Marburg: Elwert. [Available at, accessed 10 January 2012.]
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Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
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Luxembourgish sound files
Sound files zip. These audio files are licensed to the IPA by their authors and accompany the phonetic descriptions published in the Journal of the International Phonetic Association. The audio files may be downloaded for personal use but may not be incorporated in another product without the permission of Cambridge University Press

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