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Luxembourgish

  • Peter Gilles (a1) and Jürgen Trouvain (a2)
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Luxembourgish (local language name: Lëtzebuergesch [ˈlətsəbuəjəʃ], French name: Luxembourgeois, German name: Luxemburgisch) is a small West-Germanic language mainly spoken in the multilingual speech community of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, where it is one of the three official languages alongside German and French. Being the first language of most Luxembourgers it also has the status of the national language (since 1984). Although in its origin Luxembourgish has to be considered as a Central Franconian dialect, it is nowadays regarded by the speech community as a language of its own. As a consequence, German is considered a different language. An official orthographical system has been devised. Luxembourgish is used very frequently in day-to-day oral communication at all social levels; it is very common on local radio and television; it is the only language spoken in parliament sessions and it is also very often used at the workplace. Although the vocabulary of Luxembourgish has a substantial number of loan words from French and German, the morpho-syntax follows Germanic patterns. Luxembourgish today has approximately 400,000 speakers, including many L2 speakers (around 43% of the population does not have the Luxembourgish nationality).

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Copyright
References
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Bruch, Robert. 1954. Das Luxemburgische im westfränkischen Kreis. Luxemburg.
Gilles, Peter. 1999. Dialektausgleich im Lëtzebuergeschen. Zur phonetisch-phonologischen Fokussierung einer Nationalsprache. Tübingen: Narr.
Gilles, Peter. 2002. Einflüsse der Rheinischen Akzentuierung auf die segmentelle Ebene. Evidenz aus dem Luxemburgischen. In Auer, Peter, Gilles, Peter & Spiekermann, Helmut (eds.), Silbenschnitt und Tonakzente, 265282. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
Gilles, Peter. 2006. Phonologie der n-Tilgung im Moselfränkischen (‘Eifler Regel’). Ein Beitrag zur dialektologischen Prosodieforschung. In Moulin, Claudine & Nübling, Damaris (eds.), Perspektiven einer linguistischen Luxemburgistik, 2968. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
Gilles, Peter. 2009. Wie Französisch, nur Ton 1 – Der Wortakzent des Deutschen und Luxemburgischen im Kontrast. In Dammel, Antje, Kürschner, Sebastian & Nübling, Damaris (eds.), Kontrastive germanistische Linguistik, 109140. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.
Gilles, Peter. In press. Phonological domains in Luxembourgish and their relevance for the phonological system. In Reina, Javier Caro & Szczepaniak, Renata (eds.), Phonological typology of syllable and word languages in theory and practice (linguae & litterae). Berlin & New York: de Gruyter.
Gilles, Peter & Moulin, Claudine. 2003. Luxembourgish. In Deumert, Ana & Vandenbussche, Wim (eds.), Germanic standardizations: Past to present, 303329. Amsterdam & Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins.
Goudaillier, Jean-Pierre. 1987. Einige Spracheigentümlichkeiten der lëtzebuergeschen Mundarten im Lichte der instrumentellen Phonetik. In Goudaillier, Jean-Pierre (ed.), Aspekte des Lëtzebuergeschen, 197230. Hamburg: Buske.
Gussenhoven, Carlos & Peters, Jörg. 2004. A tonal analysis of Cologne Schärfung. Phonology 21, 251285.
Kohler, Klaus. 1999. German. In Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, 8689. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Newton, Gerald. 1993. Allophonic variation in Luxembourgish palatal and alveolar-palatal fricatives: Discussion of an areal survey taken in 1979. In Flood, John L., Salmon, Paul, Sayce, Olive & Wells, Christopher (eds.), “Das unsichtbare Band der Sprache”. Studies in German language and linguistic history in memory of Leslie Seiffert, 627656. Stuttgart: Akademischer Verlag Stuttgart.
Newton, Gerald. 2000. The spelling of Luxembourgish: Systems and developments since 1824. In Newton, Gerald (ed.), Essays on politics, language and society in Luxembourg, 135162. Lewiston: Edwin Mellon Press.
Schmitt, Ludwig Erich (ed.). 1963. Luxemburgischer Sprachatlas. Laut- und Formenatlas von Robert Bruch. Für den Druck vorbereitet von Jan Goossens (Regionale Sprachatlanten 2). Marburg: Elwert. [Available at http://www.luxsa.info, accessed 10 January 2012.]
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Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
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Luxembourgish sound files
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