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Nepali

  • Rajesh Khatiwada (a1)
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Nepali, a language of the Indo-Aryan family, is the official language of Nepal. According to the 2001 population census of Nepal, more than 11 million Nepalese (48.61% of the total population) claim this language as their mother tongue. It is also spoken in other countries of South Asia, such as India and Bhutan, as well as by members of the Nepalese Diaspora around the world. The population census of India of 1991 reported that more than two million Indians use Nepali as their mother tongue. Within Nepal, Nepali shows some dialectal variation mainly linked to geographical and socio-cultural factors. Nevertheless, the dialect called the ‘eastern’ dialect spoken by a majority of Nepali speakers shows rather little variation (Bandhu et al. 1971).

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References
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Bandhu, Chudamani, Dahal, Ballabh Mani, Holzhausen, Andreas & Hale, Austin. 1971. Nepali segmental phonology. Kirtipur, Nepal: Summer Institute of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University.
Clements, George N. & Khatiwada, Rajesh. 2007. Phonetic realization of contrastively aspirated affricates in Nepali. 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Saarbrücken, Saarland University, 629–632.
Dahal, Ballabh Mani. 1974. A description of Nepali: Literary and colloquial. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pune.
Dixit, R. Prakash. 1987. In defence of the phonation adequacy of the traditional term ‘voiced aspirated’. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics 67, 49102.
Khatiwada, Rajesh. 2007. Nepalese retroflex stops: A static palatography study of inter- and intra-speaker variability. Interspeech-2007, 1422–1425. Antwerp: ISCA.
Ladefoged, Peter & Bhaskararao, Peri. 1983. Non-quantal aspects of consonant production: A study of retroflex consonants. Journal of Phonetics 11, 291302.
Ladefoged, Peter & Maddieson, Ian. 1996. The sounds of the world's languages. Oxford: Blackwell.
Masica, Colin P. 1991. The Indo-Aryan languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pokharel, Madhav Prasad. 1989. Experimental analysis of Nepali sound system. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pune.
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Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
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Khatiwada, Rajesh. 2009. Nepali. JIPA 39(3), 373–380.
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