Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Edmondson, Jerold A. Esling, John H. and Ziwo (拉玛兹偓), LAMA 2016. Nuosu Yi. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, p. 1.

    Popli, Abhimanyu and Kumar, Arun 2015. 2015 IEEE 17th International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (MMSP). p. 1.

    Campos-Astorkiza, Rebeka 2014. Variation within and across Romance Languages.

    Rost Bagudanch, Assumpció 2014. El papel de la percepción en el yeísmo: Estudio preliminar con jueces catalanohablantes. Loquens, Vol. 1, Issue. 2, p. e010.

    Campos-Astorkiza, Rebeka 2012. The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics.

    Martínez-Gil, Fernando 2012. The Handbook of Hispanic Linguistics.

    Chitoran, Ioana and Nevins, Andrew 2008. Lingua, Vol. 118, Issue. 12, p. 1900.

    Nevins, Andrew and Chitoran, Ioana 2008. Phonological representations and the variable patterning of glides. Lingua, Vol. 118, Issue. 12, p. 1979.

    Bradley, Travis G 2007. Constraints on the metathesis of sonorant consonants in Judeo-Spanish. Probus, Vol. 19, Issue. 2,

  • Journal of the International Phonetic Association, Volume 34, Issue 2
  • December 2004, pp. 201-210

Problems in the classification of approximants

  • Eugenio Martínez-Celdrán (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 December 2004

The aim of this paper is to show that the approximant feature refers to a phonetic class which includes other subcategories of sounds, such as semi-vowels, rhotics, laterals and a subset of consonants. The consonants – due to the lack of articulatory precision – keep neither the obligatory closure for stops nor the aerodynamic characteristics required to produce a turbulent airstream, as is characteristic of fricatives. I am referring to these sounds as [[Voiced bilabial fricative] [Voiced dental fricative] [Voiced palatal fricative] [Voiced velar fricative]]. Moreover, I suggest a new definition of the approximant feature, which points out that the outflow of non-turbulent airstream is caused by either the opening of the organs or the lack of articulatory precision, or even both phenomena together.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *