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Comparative ROV surveys reveal jellyfish blooming in a deep-sea caldera: the first report of Earleria bruuni from the Pacific Ocean

  • Mitsuko Hidaka-Umetsu (a1) (a2) and Dhugal J. Lindsay (a1) (a2)
Abstract

Large numbers of the leptomedusa Earleria bruuni were observed inside a semi-closed deep-sea caldera during a comparative survey of the macrozooplankton fauna inside and outside the Kurose Hole, Izu-Ogasawara Islands, by the remotely operated vehicle (ROV) ‘Dolphin-3K’, on 24 September 2000. The Kurose Hole is an inactive volcanic caldera of 790 m bottom depth, located within the Izu-Bonin island arc, south of Tokyo. Archived video and audio data from a dive by the human-occupied vehicle (HOV) ‘Shinkai 2000’, carried out 3 weeks after the ROV dives, was also analysed. During all dives within the caldera, E. bruuni was present in large numbers and, during the HOV dive, two specimens for morphological analysis were obtained. Herein, we report E. bruuni from the Pacific Ocean for the first time. The vertical profiles of environmental factors and the vertical distributions of gelatinous macrozooplankton taxa such as salps, ctenophores, hydromedusae, siphonophores and scyphomedusae, were extremely different inside and outside the caldera. Inside the caldera the water temperatures were warm and dissolved oxygen levels were high compared with outside. For each taxon, their distributions were characterized and compared between the inside and outside of the caldera, and with previous literature reports.

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      Comparative ROV surveys reveal jellyfish blooming in a deep-sea caldera: the first report of Earleria bruuni from the Pacific Ocean
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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: M. Hidaka-Umetsu, Environmental Impact Assessment Research Group, Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture 237-0061, Japan email: mitsukou@jamstec.go.jp
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Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
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