Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Essence of the patterns of cover and richness of intertidal hard bottom communities: a pan-European study

  • Jonne Kotta (a1), Helen Orav-Kotta (a1), Holger Jänes (a1), Herman Hummel (a2), Christos Arvanitidis (a3), Pim Van Avesaath (a2), Guy Bachelet (a4), Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi (a5), Natalia Bojanić (a6), Serena Como (a7), Stefania Coppa (a7), Jennifer Coughlan (a8), Tasman Crowe (a8), Martina Dal Bello (a5), Steven Degraer (a9), Jose Antonio Juanes De La Pena (a10), Valentina Kirienko Fernandes De Matos (a11), Free Espinosa (a12), Sarah Faulwetter (a3), Matt Frost (a13), Xabier Guinda (a10), Emilia Jankowska (a14), Jérôme Jourde (a15), Francis Kerckhof (a9), Nicolas Lavesque (a4), Jean-Charles Leclerc (a16) (a17), Paolo Magni (a7), Christina Pavloudi (a3), Maria Luiza Pedrotti (a18), Ohad Peleg (a19), Angel Pérez-Ruzafa (a20), Araceli Puente (a10), Pedro Ribeiro (a11), Gil Rilov (a19), Maria Rousou (a21), Tomas Ruginis (a22), Teresa Silva (a23), Nathalie Simon (a16) (a17), Isabel Sousa-Pinto (a24), Jesús Troncoso (a25), Jan Warzocha (a26) and Jan Marcin Weslawski (a14)...
Abstract

Coastal ecosystems are highly complex and driven by multiple environmental factors. To date we lack scientific evidence for the relative contribution of natural and anthropogenic drivers for the majority of marine habitats in order to adequately assess the role of different stressors across the European seas. Such relationship can be investigated by analysing the correlation between environmental variables and biotic patterns in multivariate space and taking into account non-linearities. Within the framework of the EMBOS (European Marine Biodiversity Observatory System) programme, hard bottom intertidal communities were sampled in a standardized way across European seas. Links between key natural and anthropogenic drivers and hard bottom communities were analysed using Boosted Regression Trees modelling. The study identified strong interregional variability and showed that patterns of hard bottom macroalgal and invertebrate communities were primarily a function of tidal regime, nutrient loading and water temperature (anomalies). The strength and shape of functional form relationships varied widely however among types of organisms (understorey algae composing mostly filamentous species, canopy-forming algae or sessile invertebrates) and aggregated community variables (cover or richness). Tidal regime significantly modulated the effect of nutrient load on the cover and richness of understorey algae and sessile invertebrates. In contrast, hydroclimate was more important for canopy algae and temperature anomalies and hydroclimate separately or interactively contributed to the observed patterns. The analyses also suggested that climate-induced shifts in weather patterns may result in the loss of algal richness and thereby in the loss of functional diversity in European hard bottom intertidal areas.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: J. Kotta, Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu, Tallinn, Estonia Email: jonne@sea.ee
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P.A. Abrams (1995) Monotonic or unimodal diversity-productivity gradients: what does competition theory predict? Ecology 76, 20192027.

M. Arnold , H. Teagle , M.P. Brown and D.A. Smale (2016) The structure of biogenic habitat and epibiotic assemblages associated with the global invasive kelp Undaria pinnatifida in comparison to native macroalgae. Biological Invasions 18, 661676.

C.E. Bird , E.C. Franklin , C.M. Smith and R.J. Toonen (2013) Between tide and wave marks: a unifying model of physical zonation on littoral shores. PeerJ 1, e154.

E. Bonsdorff and T.H. Pearson (1999) Variation in the sublittoral macrozoobenthos of the Baltic Sea along environmental gradients: a functional group approach. Australian Journal of Ecology 24, 312326.

K.H. Britton-Simmons (2006) Functional group diversity, resource preemption and the genesis of invasion resistance in a community of marine algae. Oikos 113, 395401.

F. Bulleri , L. Benedetti-Cecchi , M. Cusson , E. Maggi , F. Arenas , R. Aspden , I. Bertocci , T.P. Crowe , D. Davoult , B.K. Eriksson , S. Fraschetti , C. Golléty , J. Griffin , S.R. Jenkins , J. Kotta , P. Kraufvelin , M. Molis , I. Sousa Pinto , A. Terlizzi , N. Valdivia and D.M. Paterson (2012) Temporal stability of European rocky shore assemblages: variation across a latitudinal gradient and the role of habitat-formers. Oikos 121, 18011809.

D.J. Conley , J. Carstensen , J. Aigars , P. Axe , E. Bonsdorff , T. Eremina , B.M. Haahti , C. Humborg , P. Jonsson , J. Kotta , C. Lännegren , U. Larsson , A. Maximov , M. Rodriguez Medina , E. Lysiak-Pastuszak , N. Remeikaité-Nikiené , J. Walve , S. Wilhelms and L. Zillén (2011) Hypoxia is increasing in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea. Environmental Science and Technology 45, 67776783.

S.D. Connell and A.D. Irving (2008) Integrating ecology with biogeography using landscape characteristics: a case study of subtidal habitat across continental Australia. Journal of Biogeography 35, 16081621.

L. Crowder and E. Norse (2008) Essential ecological insights for marine ecosystem-based management and marine spatial planning. Marine Policy 32, 772778.

T.P. Crowe , M. Cusson , F. Bulleri , D. Davoult , F. Arenas , R. Aspden , L. Benedetti-Cecchi , S. Bevilacqua , I. Davidson , E. Defew , S. Fraschetti , C. Golléty , J.N. Griffin , K. Herkül , J. Kotta , A. Migné , M. Molis , S.K. Nicol , L.M.-L.J. Noël , I. Sousa Pinto , N. Valdivia , S. Vaselli and S.R. Jenkins (2013) Large-scale variation in combined impacts of canopy loss and disturbance on community structure and ecosystem functioning. PLoS ONE 8, e66238.

R. Danovaro , M. Canals , C. Gambi , S. Heussner , N. Lampadariou and A. Vanreusel (2009) Exploring benthic biodiversity patterns and hotspots on European margin slopes. Oceanography 22, 1625.

P.K. Dayton (1971) Competition, disturbance, and community organization: the provision and subsequent utilization of space in a rocky intertidal community. Ecological Monographs 41, 351389.

P.K. Dayton (1975) Experimental evaluation of ecological dominance in a rocky intertidal algal community. Ecological Monographs 45, 137159.

M.W. Denny , L.P. Miller , M.D. Stokes , L.J.H. Hunt and B.S.T. Helmuth (2003) Extreme water velocities: topographical amplification of wave-induced flow in the surf zone of rocky shores. Limnology and Oceanography 48, 18.

I. Diez , A. Secilla , A. Santolaria , and J.M. Gorostiaga (1999) Phytobenthic intertidal community structure along an environmental pollution gradient. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38, 463472.

J. Elith , C.H. Graham , R.P. Anderson , M. Dudík , S. Ferrier , A. Guisan , R.J. Hijmans , F. Huettmann , J.R. Leathwick , A. Lehmann , J. Li , L.G. Lohmann , B.A. Loiselle , G. Manion , C. Moritz , M. Nakamura , Y. Nakazawa , J.C.M. Mc Overton , A. Peterson Townsend , S.J. Phillips , K. Richardson , R. Scachetti-Pereira , R.E. Schapire , J. Soberón , S. Williams , M.S. Wisz and N.E. Zimmermann (2006) Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data. Ecography 29, 129151.

J. Elith , M. Kearney and S. Phillips (2010) The art of modelling range-shifting species. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1, 330342.

J. Elith , J.R. Leathwick and T. Hastie (2008) A working guide to boosted regression trees. Journal of Animal Ecology 77, 802813.

M.J. Espinosa-Romero , K.M.A. Chan , T. McDaniels and D.M. Dalmer (2011) Structuring decision-making for ecosystem-based management. Marine Policy 35, 575583.

C.B. Field , M.J. Behrenfeld , J.T. Randerson and P. Falkowski (1998) Primary production of the biosphere: integrating terrestrial and oceanic components. Science 281, 237240.

C. Golléty , A. Migné and D. Davoult (2008) Benthic metabolism on a sheltered rocky shore: role of the canopy in the carbon budget. Journal of Phycology 44, 11461153.

J.M. Gorostiaga and I. Diez (1996) Changes in the sublittoral benthic marine macroalgae in the polluted area of Abra de Bilbao and proximal coast (Northern Spain). Marine Ecology Progress Series 130, 157167.

P. Goulletquer , P. Gros , G. Boeuf and J. Weber (2014) Biodiversity in the marine environment. Amsterdam: Springer.

R.J. Guenther and P.T. Martone (2014) Physiological performance of intertidal coralline algae during a simulated tidal cycle. Journal of Phycology 50, 310321.

B.S. Halpern , S. Walbridge , K.A. Selkoe , C.V. Kappel , F. Micheli , C. D'Agrosa , J.F. Bruno , K.S. Casey , C. Ebert , H.E. Fox , R. Fujita , D. Heinemann , H.S. Lenihan , E.M.P. Madin , M.T. Perry , E.R. Selig , M. Spalding , R. Steneck and R. Watson (2008) A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science 319, 948952.

T. Hastie , R. Tibshirani and J.H. Friedman (2009) The elements of statistical learning: data mining, inference, and prediction. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.

S.J. Hawkins and R.G. Hartnoll (1985) Factors determining the upper limits of intertidal canopy-forming algae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 20, 265271.

C.S. Heaven and R.A. Scrosati (2008) Benthic community composition across gradients of intertidal elevation, wave exposure, and ice scour in Atlantic Canada. Marine Ecology Progress Series 369, 1323.

B. Helmuth and M.W. Denny (2003) Predicting wave exposure in the rocky intertidal zone: do bigger waves always lead to larger forces? Limnology and Oceanography 48, 13381345.

K. Herkül , J. Kotta , T. Kutser and E. Vahtmäe (2013) Relating remotely sensed optical variability to marine benthic biodiversity. PLoS ONE 8, e55624.

M. Hoogwijk , A. Faaij , R. van den Broek , G. Berndes , D. Gielen and W. Turkenburg (2003) Exploration of the ranges of the global potential of biomass for energy. Biomass and Bioenergy 25, 119133.

R.W. Howarth , G. Billen , D. Swaney , A. Townsend , N. Jaworski , K. Lajtha , J.A. Downing , R. Elmgren , N. Caraco , T. Jordan , F. Berendse , J. Freney , V. Kudeyarov , P. Murdoch and Z-L. Zhu (1996) Regional nitrogen budgets and riverine N & P fluxes for the drainages to the North Atlantic Ocean: natural and human influences. Biogeochemistry 35, 75139.

M.K. Hubbert (1949) Energy from fossil fuels. Science 109, 103109.

E.L. Johnston , M. Keough and P. Qian (2002) Maintenance of species dominance through pulse disturbances to a sessile marine invertebrate assemblage in Port Shelter, Hong Kong. Marine Ecology Progress Series 226, 103114.

S. Jutterström , H.C. Andersson , A. Omstedt and J.M. Malmaeus (2014) Multiple stressors threatening the future of the Baltic Sea–Kattegat marine ecosystem: implications for policy and management actions. Marine Pollution Bulletin 86, 468480.

M.J. Kaiser , M.J. Attrill , S. Jennings , D.N. Thomas , D.K.A. Barnes , A.S. Brierley , J.G. Hiddink , H. Kaartokallio , N.V.C. Polunin and D.G. Raffaelli (2011) Marine ecology: processes, systems, and impacts. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

M. Karydis and D. Kitsiou (2012) Eutrophication and environmental policy in the Mediterranean Sea: a review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 184, 49314984.

J. Kotta , T. Kutser , K. Teeveer , E. Vahtmäe and M. Pärnoja (2013) Predicting species cover of marine macrophyte and invertebrate species combining hyperspectral remote sensing, machine learning and regression techniques. PLoS ONE 8, e63946.

J. Kotta , T. Möller , H. Orav-Kotta and M. Pärnoja (2014) Realized niche width of a brackish water submerged aquatic vegetation under current environmental conditions and projected influences of climate change. Marine Environmental Research 102, 88101.

J. Kotta and J. Witman (2009) Regional-scale patterns. In M. Wahl (ed.) Marine hard bottom communities. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 8999.

P. Kraufvelin , A.T. Ruuskanen , N. Nappu and M. Kiirikki (2007) Winter colonisation and succession of filamentous macroalgae on artificial substrates and possible relationships to Fucus vesiculosus settlement in early summer. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 72, 665674.

F.P. Lima , P.A. Ribeiro , N. Queiroz , R. Xavier , P. Tarroso , S.J. Hawkins and A.M. Santos (2007b) Modelling past and present geographical distribution of the marine gastropod Patella rustica as a tool for exploring responses to environmental change. Global Change Biology 13, 20652077.

R.D. Long , A. Charles and R.L. Stephenson (2015) Key principles of marine ecosystem-based management. Marine Policy 57, 5360.

F.T. Maestre , J.L. Quero , N.J. Gotelli , A. Escudero , V. Ochoa , M. Delgado-Baquerizo , M. García-Gómez , M.A. Bowker , S. Soliveres , C. Escolar , P. García-Palacios , M. Berdugo , E. Valencia , B. Gozalo , A. Gallardo , L. Aguilera , T. Arredondo , J. Blones , B. Boeken , D. Bran , A.A. Conceição , O. Cabrera , M. Chaieb , M. Derak , D.J. Eldridge , C.I. Espinosa , A. Florentino , J. Gaitán , M.G. Gatica , W. Ghiloufi , S. Gómez-González , J.R. Gutiérrez , R.M. Hernández , X. Huang , E. Huber-Sannwald , M. Jankju , M. Miriti , J. Monerris , R.L. Mau , E. Morici , K. Naseri , A. Ospina , V. Polo , A. Prina , E. Pucheta , D.A. Ramírez-Collantes , R. Romão , M. Tighe , C. Torres-Díaz , J. Val , J.P. Veiga , D. Wang and E. Zaady (2012) Plant species richness and ecosystem multifunctionality in global drylands. Science 335, 214218.

B.A. Menge and J.P. Sutherland (1987) Community regulation: variation in disturbance, competition and predation in relation to environmental stress and recruitment. American Naturalist 130, 730757.

B.E. Narayanaswamy , M. Coll , R. Danovaro , K. Davidson , H. Ojaveer and P.E. Renaud (2013) Synthesis of knowledge on marine biodiversity in European Seas: from census to sustainable management. PLoS ONE 8, e58909.

H. Orav-Kotta and J. Kotta (2004) Food and habitat choice of the isopod Idotea baltica in the northeastern Baltic Sea. Hydrobiologia 514, 7985.

M.F. Pedersen and J. Borum (1996) Nutrient control of algal growth in estuarine waters. Nutrient limitation and the importance of nitrogen requirements and nitrogen storage among phytoplankton and species of macroalgae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 142, 261272.

A.T. Peterson (2003) Predicting the geography of species’ invasions via ecological niche modeling. Quarterly Review of Biology 78, 419433.

S. Råberg and L. Kautsky (2007) A comparative biodiversity study of the associated fauna of perennial fucoids and filamentous algae. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 73, 249258.

E. Ramos , A. Puente and J. Juanes (2016b) An ecological classification of rocky shores at a regional scale: a predictive tool for management of conservation values. Marine Ecology 37, 311328.

H.L. Rees , M.A. Pendle , R. Waldock , D.S. Limpenny and S.E. Boyd (1999) A comparison of benthic biodiversity in the North Sea, English Channel, and Celtic Seas. ICES Journal of Marine Science 56, 228246.

K. Roy , D. Jablonski , J.W. Valentine and G. Rosenberg (1998) Marine latitudinal diversity gradients: tests of causal hypotheses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 95, 36993702.

R. Russell , S.A. Wood , G. Allison and B.A. Menge (2006) Scale, environment and trophic status: the context dependency of community saturation in rocky intertidal communities. American Naturalist 167, E158E170.

A.N. Sandman , S.A. Wikström , M. Blomqvist , H. Kautsky and M. Isaeus (2013) Scale-dependent influence of environmental variables on species distribution: a case study on five coastal benthic species in the Baltic Sea. Ecography 36, 354363.

K. Schiele , A. Darr , M.L. Zettler , T. Berg , M. Blomqvist , D. Daunys , V. Jermakovs , S. Korpinen , J. Kotta , H. Nygård , M. von Weber , J. Voss and J. Warzocha (2016) Rating species sensitivity throughout gradient systems – a consistent approach for the Baltic Sea. Ecological Indicators 61, 447455. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.09.046.

D.A. Smale , M.T. Burrows , A.J. Evans , N. King , M.D.J. Sayer , A.L.E. Yunnie and P.J. Moore (2016) Linking environmental variables with regional-scale variability in ecological structure and standing stock of carbon within kelp forests in the United Kingdom. Marine Ecology Progress Series 542, 7995.

D.A. Smale , M.T. Burrows , P. Moore , N. O'Connor and S.J. Hawkins (2013) Threats and knowledge gaps for ecosystem services provided by kelp forests: a northeast Atlantic perspective. Ecology and Evolution 3, 40164038.

D.A. Smale and T. Wernberg (2013) Extreme climatic event drives range contraction of a habitat-forming species. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280, 20122829.

J. Soberon and A.T. Peterson (2005) Interpretation of models of fundamental ecological niches and species’ distributional areas. Biodiversity Informatics 2, 110.

P. Tett , L. Gilpin , H. Svendsen , C.P. Erlandsson , U. Larsson , S. Kratzer , E. Fouilland , C. Janzen , J.-Y. Lee , C. Grenz , A. Newton , J.G. Ferreira , T. Fernandes and S. Scory (2003) Eutrophication and some European waters of restricted exchange. Continental Shelf Research 23, 16351671.

J. Thorner , L. Kumar and S.D.A. Smith (2014) Impacts of climate-change-driven sea level rise on intertidal rocky reef habitats will be variable and site specific. PLoS ONE 9, e86130.

L. Tomanek and B. Helmuth (2002) Physiological ecology of rocky intertidal organisms: a synergy of concepts. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42, 771775.

A.J. Underwood (1978) A refutation of critical tidal levels as determinants of the structure of intertidal communities on British shores. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 33, 261276.

A.J. Underwood and P. Jernakoff (1981) Effects of interactions between algae and grazing gastropods on the structure of a low-shore intertidal algal communities. Oecologia 48, 221233.

I. Valiela , J. Mcclelland , J. Hauxwell , P.J. Behr , D. Hersh and K. Foreman (1988) Macroalgal blooms in shallow estuaries: controls and ecophysiological and ecosystem consequences. Limnology and Oceanography 42, 11051118.

T. Wernberg , D.A. Smale , F. Tuya , M.S. Thomsen , T.J. Langlois , T. de Bettignies , S. Bennett and C.S. Rousseaux (2013) An extreme climatic event alters marine ecosystem structure in a global biodiversity hotspot. Nature Climate Change 3, 7882.

T. Wernberg , M.S. Thomsen , F. Tuya , G.A. Kendrick , P.A. Staehr and B.D. Toohey (2010) Decreasing resilience of kelp beds along a latitudinal temperature gradient: potential implications for a warmer future. Ecology Letters 13, 685694.

J.M. Weslawski , J. Wiktor Jr and L. Kotwicki (2010) Increase in biodiversity in the arctic rocky littoral, Sorkappland, Svalbard, after 20 years of climate warming. Marine Biodiversity 40, 123130.

S.A. Wikström and L. Kautsky (2007) Structure and diversity of invertebrate communities in the presence and absence of canopy-forming Fucus vesiculosus in the Baltic Sea. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 72, 168176.

M.A. Zacharias and J.C. Roff (2001) Explanations of patterns of intertidal diversity at regional scales. Journal of Biogeography 28, 471483.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 11
Total number of PDF views: 71 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 476 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 4th October 2016 - 25th July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.