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Food and feeding habits of the seahorses Hippocampus spinosissimus and Hippocampus trimaculatus (Malaysia)

  • M.Y. Yip (a1) (a2), A.C.O. Lim (a1) (a2) (a3), V.C. Chong (a1) (a3), J.M. Lawson (a4) and S.J. Foster (a4)...


Two seahorse species, Hippocampus spinosissimus and Hippocampus trimaculatus, sampled in east and west coastal waters of Peninsular Malaysia, fed mostly on crustacean prey; small caridean shrimps and amphipods as adults (both species), and copepods and larval meroplankton as juveniles (for H. trimaculatus only). The similar short relative gut length (~0.4) of both species is consistent with a carnivorous diet. Both species are considered specialists in prey selection, focusing on slow-moving epibenthic, hyperbenthic and canopy-dwelling crustaceans that dwell on the mud-sand seabed, or are associated with seagrass or mangrove areas. In this light, seahorses with their juveniles in shallow waters are vulnerable to coastal reclamation and development.


Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: V.C. Chong, Faculty of Science, Institute of Biological Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia email:


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Food and feeding habits of the seahorses Hippocampus spinosissimus and Hippocampus trimaculatus (Malaysia)

  • M.Y. Yip (a1) (a2), A.C.O. Lim (a1) (a2) (a3), V.C. Chong (a1) (a3), J.M. Lawson (a4) and S.J. Foster (a4)...


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