Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Food capture kinematics in the deep-water chain catshark Scyliorhinus retifer

  • Matthew J. Ajemian (a1) and Christopher P. Sanford (a1)
Abstract

The chain catshark (Scyliorhinus retifer) is a member of one of the most well studied groups of elasmobranchs (Order: Carcharhiniformes), yet its feeding strategy is unknown due to the inaccessible deep water environment in which it lives (greater than 200 m). To investigate the feeding biology of captive S. retifer, high-speed videography was used to document the kinematic events during capture of two differently sized fish pieces, ‘large’ (scaled to the mouth width), and ‘small’ (scaled to one-half the mouth width). Despite a significant delay in the timing of select kinematic variables for large food captures, a multivariate analysis of the feeding behaviour indicated that overall, food capture kinematics and strike behaviour in S. retifer were not statistically different between large and small items (MANOVA, Wilks' Lambda P =0.598, df=4,24). Food capture in S. retifer was suction-dominant, with items being drawn into the mouth about twice the distance that the predator moved. While suction-dominant food capture appears to be an advantage to benthic predators, it contrasts sharply with the phylogenetic position of S. retifer among several ram-feeding carcharinoid sharks including Cephaloscyllium ventriosum, a member of the same family (Scyliorhinidae). Thus, feeding mode in carcharinoid sharks seems to reflect their ecology and does not appear to have been phylogenetically constrained.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author, e-mail: majemian@disl.org
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed