Skip to main content
×
Home

Incidental capture of sea turtles by industrial bottom trawl fishery in the Tropical South-western Atlantic

  • Suzana Machado Guimarães (a1), Davi Castro Tavares (a2) and Cassiano Monteiro-Neto (a1)
Abstract

The five sea turtle species occurring in Brazilian waters are susceptible to threats, including incidental catches by fisheries. Studies on incidental captures in fishing gears are the main focus of several conservation actions due to high sea turtle fishery mortality worldwide. This study provides the first evaluation of incidental sea turtle catches by industrial bottom trawl fisheries operating in Brazilian waters. Four twin-trawler vessels were monitored between July 2010 and December 2011 by captains who voluntarily completed logbooks. Forty-four turtles were captured during the 1996 tows (8313 fishing hours), resulting in a catch of 5.3 ± 0.8 turtles per 1000 h per unit effort. Captured species included the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta, 22 individuals), olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea, 21 individuals) and one green turtle (Chelonia mydas). Water depth was the only variable that significantly affected sea turtle captures according to Generalized Linear Models. The capture rates reported in this study ranked sixth in relation to other published studies of similar fisheries occurring worldwide. Considering the importance of this region for sea turtles, the increasing evidence of sea turtle mortality and the goals of the National Action Plan for Conservation of Sea Turtles in Brazil, it is essential to identify the main threats towards these animals and propose mitigating solutions to reduce sea turtle mortality induced by fishing activities. This study provides results that may guide future research and goals in meeting sea turtle conservation strategies.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: S.M. Guimarães, Laboratório ECOPESCA – Biologia do Nécton e Ecologia Pesqueira, Departamento de Biologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Cx. Postal 100.644, Brasil email: suzanamgr@hotmail.com
References
Hide All
Alió J.J., Marcano L.A. and Altuve D.E. (2010) Incidental capture and mortality of sea turtles in the industrial shrimp trawling fishery of northeastern Venezuela. Ciencias Marinas 36, 161178.
Alverson D.L., Freeberg M.H., Pope J.G. and Murawski S.A. (1994) A global assessment of fisheries bycatch and discards. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, no. 339, 233 pp.
Amorocho D.F. and Reina R.D. (2007) Feeding ecology of the East Pacific green sea turtle Chelonia mydas agassizii at Gorgona National Park, Colombia. Endangered Species Research 3, 4351.
Arauz R.M., Vargas R., Naranjo I. and Gamboa C. (1997) Analysis of the incidental capture and mortality of sea turtles in the shrimp fleet of Pacific Costa Rica. In Witzell W.N. (ed.) Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle, Orlando, Florida, 4–8 March 1997. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SEFSC-415, pp. 15.
Bolten A.B. (2000) Técnicas parar la medición de tortugas marinas. In Eckert K.A., Bjorndal K.A., Abreu-Grobois F.A. and Donnelly M. (eds) Técnicas de Investigación y Manejo para la Conservación de las Tortugas Marinas. Washington, DC: UICN/CSE. Grupo de Especialistas en Tortugas Marinas Publicación no. 4, pp. 126131.
Briggs J.C. (1995) Global biogeography. Developments in paleontology and stratigraphy, Volume 14. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Burnham K.P. and Anderson D.R. (2002) Model selection and multimodel inference. New York, NY: Springer.
Casale P., Cattarino L., Freggi D., Rocco M. and Argano R. (2007) Incidental catch of marine turtles by Italian trawlers and longlines in the central Mediterranean. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 17, 686701.
Casale P., Laurent L. and De Metrio G. (2004) Incidental capture of marine turtles by the Italian trawl fishery in the north Adriatic Sea. Biological Conservation 119, 287295.
CITES (2015) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. https://cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php.
Crawley M.J. (2007) The R book. 2nd edition. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Crouse D.T., Crowder L.B. and Caswell H. (1987) A stage-based population model for loggerhead sea turtles and implications for conservation. Ecology 68, 14121423.
Domènech F., Bitón S., Merchán M., Revuelta O., Vélez-Rubio G. and Tomás J. (2013) Incidental catch of the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) by bottom trawling. In the Valencian Community (East Spain). In Belskis L. (ed.) Proceedings of the Thirty-Third Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle, Baltimore, Maryland, 5–8 March 2013. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA NMFS-SEFSC-645, pp. 9495.
Domingo A., Bugoni L., Prosdocimi L., Miller P., Laporta M., Monteiro D.S., Estrades A. and Albareda D. (2006) The impact generated by fisheries on sea turtles in the Southwestern Atlantic. WWF Progama Marino para Latinoamérica y el Caribe, San José, Costa Rica, 70 pp.
FAO (2009) Guidelines to reduce sea turtle mortality in fishing operations. Rome: FAO Fisheries Department, 139 pp.
Gislason H., Sinclair M., Sainsbury K. and O'Boyle R. (2000) Symposium overview: incorporating ecosystem objectives within fisheries management. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57, 468475.
Grueber C.E., Nakagawa S., Laws R.J. and Jamison I.G. (2011) Multimodel inference in ecology and evolution: challenges and solutions. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24, 699711.
Henwood T.A. and Stuntz W.E. (1987) Analysis of sea turtle captures and mortalities during commercial shrimp trawling. Fisheries Bulletin 85, 813817.
Hochscheid S., McMahon C.R., Bradshaw C.J.A., Maffucci F., Bentivegna F. and Hays G.C. (2007) Allometric scaling of lung volume and its consequences for marine turtle diving performance. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A – Molecular and Integrative Physiology 148, 360367.
IBGE (2012) Mapa de clima do Brasil. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. http://geoftp.ibge.gov.br/mapas_tematicos/mapas_murais/clima.pdf.
ICMBio (2011) Plano de ação nacional para a conservação das tartarugas marinhas. Marcovaldi M.A.A.G. and Santos A.S. (eds). Brasília: Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade, 120 pp.
Instrução Normativa IBAMA no 189 de (2008) Prohibits the exercise of trawling with motorized traction for catch pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus paulensis, F. brasiliensis and F. subtilis), Atlantic seabob shrimp (Xiphopenaeus kroyeri), white shrimp (Litopenaeus schmitti), santana or red (Pleoticus muelleri) and Argentine stiletto shrimp (Artemesia longinaris) annually in the marine area between the parallel 21°18′04,00″S (the border between the states of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro) and 33°40′33,00″ S (Foz do Chuí Stream , state of Rio Grande do Sul), from March 1 to May 31. [English version]
IUCN (2015) Red list of threatened animals. Gland: IUCN. http://www.redlist.org.
Kuhnert P.M., Griffihs S. and Brewer D. (2011) Assessing population changes in bycatch species using fishery-dependent catch rate data. Fisheries Research 108, 1521.
Lemke D., Frazier J., Thomé J.C., Almeida A.P. and Juarez S. (2003) Satellite telemetry of loggerheads in Brazil. In Pilcher N.J. (ed.) Proceedings of the Twenty-third Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation, 17–21 March 2003. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 230233.
Lima E.P., Wanderline J., Almeida D.T., Lopez G. and Goldberg D.W. (2012) Nesting ecology and conservation of loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 11, 294–254.
Lutcavage M.E. and Lutz P.L. (1996) Dive physiology. In Lutz P.L. and Musick J.A. (eds) The biology of sea turtles. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 277296.
Marcovaldi M.A. and Chaloupka M. (2007) Conservation status of the loggerhead sea turtle in Brazil: an encouraging outlook. Endangered Species Research 3, 133143.
Marcovaldi M.A. and Marcovaldi G. (1999) Marine turtles of Brazil: the history and structure of Projeto TAMAR-IBAMA. Biological Conservation 91, 3541.
Marcovaldi M.A., Sales G., Thomé J.C.A., Silva A.C.C.D., Gallo B.M.G., Lima E.H.S.M., Lima E.P. and Bellini C. (2006) Sea turtles and fishery interactions in Brazil: identifying and mitigating potential conflicts. Marine Turtle News Letter 112, 48.
Marquez M.R. (1990) FAO species catalogue: Sea turtles of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of sea turtle species known to date. No. 125, Volume 11. Rome: FAO Fisheries Synopsis.
Martins A.S., Olavo G. and Costa P.A.S. (2005) Recursos demersais capturados com espinhel de fundo no talude superior da região entre Salvador (BA) e o Cabo de São Tomé (RJ). In Costa P.A.S., Martins A.S. and Olavo G. (eds) Pesca e potenciais de exploração de recursos vivos na região central da Zona Econômica Exclusiva Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional 13, pp. 109128.
MMA (Ministério do Meio Ambiente) (2005) Instrução Normativa Interministerial No 26, de 19 de julho de 2005. Estabelecer critérios e procedimentos para preenchimento e entrega de Mapas de Bordo das embarcações nacionais ou estrangeiras arrendadas, devidamente permissionadas, que operam em águas sob jurisdição brasileira, em alto mar ou em águas incluídas em acordos internacionais dos quais o Brasil é signatário. Ministério do Meio Ambiente – MMA e Secretaria Especial da Pesca e Aquicultura – SEAP.
MPA (Ministério da Pesca e Aquicultura) (2012) Boletim estatístico da pesca e aquicultura – Brasil 2010. Brasília, DF: Ministério da Pesca e Aquicultura.
Murray K.T. (2008) Estimated average annual bycatch of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in US mid-Atlantic bottom otter trawl gear 1996–2004. 2nd edition. La Jolla, CA: US Department of Commerce, NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center. Ref. Doc. 08–20, 32 pp.
National Research Council (1990) Decline of the sea turtles: causes and prevention. Committee on Sea Turtle Conservation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Neto J.L.S. (2005) Decálogo da Climatologia do Sudeste Brasileiro. Revista Brasileira de Climatologia 1, 4360.
Oravetz C.A. (2000) Reducción de la captura incidental en las pesquerías. In Eckert K.L., Bjorndal K.A., Abreu-Grobois F.A. and Donnelly M. (eds) Técnicas de Investigación y Manejo para la Conservación de las Tortugas Marinas. Washington, DC: UICN/CSE. Grupo de Especialistas en Tortugas Marinas Publicación, no. 4, pp. 217222.
Peres M.B., Magris R.A. and Ribeiro K.T. (2011) Avaliação do estado de conservação das tartarugas marinhas. Biodiversidade Brasileira 1, 12.
Perez J.A.A. and Pezzuto P.R. (2006) A pesca de arrasto de talude do Sudeste e Sul do Brasil: tendências da frota nacional entre 2001 e 2003. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca 32, 127150.
Poiner I.R. and Harris A.N.M. (1996) Incidental capture, direct mortality and delayed mortality of sea turtles in Australia's Northern Prawn Fishery. Marine Biology 125, 813825.
Polovina J.J., Balazs G.H., Howell E.A., Parker D.M., Seki M.P. and Dutton P.H. (2004) Forage and migration habitat of loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) sea turtles in the central North Pacific Ocean. Fisheries Oceanography 1, 3651.
Polovina J.J., Howell E. and Balaz G.H. (2003) Dive-depth distribution of loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) sea turtles in the central North Pacific: might deep longline sets catch fewer turtles? Fisheries Bulletin 101, 189193.
R Core Team (2013) A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
Reis E.C., Silveira V.V.B. and Siciliano S. (2009) Records of stranded sea turtles on the coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Marine Biodiversity Records 2, 14.
Robins J.B. (1995) Estimated catch and mortality of sea turtles from the east coast otter trawl fishery of Queensland, Australia. Biological Conservation 74, 157167.
Roithmayr C. and Henwood T. (1982) Incidental catch and mortality report. Final Report to Southeast Fisheries Center. Miami, FL: National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, 20 pp.
Ruffato D.G. (2011) Circulação na plataforma continental interna e média do estado de São Paulo durante o verão: estudos numéricos. Master thesis. Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Sales G., Giffoni B.B. and Barata P.C.R. (2008) Incidental catch of sea turtles by the Brazilian pelagic longline fishery. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 88, 853864.
Sales G., Giffoni B.B., Fiedler F.N., Azevedo V., Kotas J.E., Swimmer Y. and Bugoni L. (2010) Circle hook effectiveness for the mitigation of sea turtle bycatch and capture of target species in a Brazilian pelagic longline fishery. Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 20, 428436.
Silva A.C.C.D., Castilhos J.C., Santos E.A.P., Brondízio L.S. and Bugoni L. (2010) Efforts to reduce sea turtle bycatch in the shrimp fishery in Northeastern Brazil through a co-management process. Ocean and Coastal Management 53, 570576.
Snedecor G.W. and Cochran W.G. (1967) Statistical methods. 6th edition. Ames, IO: Iowa State University Press.
Soykan C.U., Moore J.E., Zydelis R., Crowder L.B., Safina C. and Lewison R.L. (2008) Why study bycatch? An introduction to the theme section on fisheries bycatch. Endangered Species Research 5, 91102.
Swimmer Y., Arauz R., McCracken M., Naughton L.M., Ballestero J., Musyl M., Bigelow K. and Brill R. (2006) Diving behavior and delayed mortality of olive ridley sea turtles Lepidochelys olivacea after their release from longline fishing gear. Marine Ecology Progress Series 323, 253261.
Tamar-Ibama (2007) Estado da arte sobre a interação das tartarugas marinhas com pesca de arrasto de camarão ao longo da costa brasileira e sobre o uso do dispositivo de escape de tartarugas – TED. Brasília: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, IBAMA, 60 pp.
Tavares D.C., Guadagnin D.L., Moura J.F., Siciliano S. and Merico A. (2015) Environmental and anthropogenic factors structuring waterbird habitats of tropical coastal lagoons: implications for management. Biological Conservation 186, 1221.
Vernables W.N. and Dichmont C.M. (2004) GLMs, GAMs and GLMMs: an overview of theory for applications in fisheries research. Fisheries Research 70, 319337.
Zuur A.F., Ieno E.N. and Elphick C.S. (2010) A protocol for data exploration to avoid common statistical problems. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1, 314.
Zuur A.F., Ieno E.N., Walker N.J., Saveliev A.A. and Smith G.M. (2009) Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. New York, NY: Springer.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 38 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 352 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 27th March 2017 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.