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  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Volume 89, Issue 4
  • June 2009, pp. 753-759

Influence of temperature on the larval development of the edible crab, Cancer pagurus

  • Monika Weiss (a1), Sven Thatje (a2), Olaf Heilmayer (a1) (a2), Klaus Anger (a3), Thomas Brey (a1) and Martina Keller (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2009

The influence of temperature on larval survival and development was studied in the edible crab, Cancer pagurus, from a population off the island of Helgoland, North Sea. In rearing experiments conducted at six different temperatures (6°, 10°, 14°, 15°, 18° and 24°C), zoeal development was only completed at 14° and 15°C. Instar duration of the Zoea I was negatively correlated with temperature. A model relating larval body mass to temperature and developmental time suggests that successful larval development is possible within a narrow temperature range (14° ± 3°C) only. This temperature optimum coincides with the highest citrate synthase activity found at 14°C. A comparison for intraspecific variability among freshly hatched zoeae from different females (CW 13–17 cm, N = 8) revealed that both body mass and elemental composition varied significantly. Initial larval dry weight ranged from 12.1 to 17.9 μg/individual, the carbon content from 4.6 to 5.8 μg/individual, nitrogen from 1.1 to 1.3 μg/individual, and the C:N ratio from 4.1 to 4.4. A narrow larval temperature tolerance range of C. pagurus as well as the indication of intraspecific variability in female energy allocation into eggs may indicate a potential vulnerability of this species to climate change. Large-scale studies on the ecological and physiological resilience potential of this commercially fished predator are needed.

Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: S. Thatje, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, School of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, European Way, SO14 3ZH Southampton, United Kingdom email:
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Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
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  • EISSN: 1469-7769
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