Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Influences on movement and migration in the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus

  • I. Lancaster (a1) and G.D. Wigham (a2)

Dispersion in a littoral population of Pagurus bernhardus in south-west England is shown to be random, with members demonstrating no evidence of site attachment. Movement patterns within the population are shown to be asynchronous and random, and to be dictated by the quantity and quality of each individual's shell contacts. These, in turn, affect the time that individuals spend within the habitat. This implies that population dynamics and residence times are so influenced by the availability of suitable empty gastropod shells that movement and migration in hermit crabs should be regarded as resource-dependent phenomena.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P.J. Clark & F.C. Evans , 1954. Distance to nearest neighbour as a measure of spatial relationships in populations. Ecology, 35, 445452.

M.S. Gaines & L.R. McClenaghan , 1980. Dispersal in small mammals. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 11, 163196.

B.A. Hazlett , 1967. Interspecific shell fighting between Pagurus bernhardus and Pagurus cuanensis (Decapoda, Paguridae). Sarsia, 29, 215220.

B.A. Hazlett , 1968a. Communicatory effect of body position in Pagurus bernhardus (L.) (Decapoda, Anomura). Crustaceana, 14, 210214.

B.A. Hazlett , 1968b. Effects of crowding on the agonistic behaviour of the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus. Ecology, 49, 573575.

B.A. Hazlett , 1969. Individual recognition and agonistic behaviour in Pagurus bernhardus. Nature, London, 222, 268269.

B.A. Hazlett , 1970. Tactile stimuli in the social behaviour of Pagurus bernhardus (Decapoda, Paguridae). Behaviour, 36, 2048.

B.A. Hazlett , 1981. The behavioural ecology of hermit crabs. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 12, 122.

B.A. Hazlett , 1983. Daily movements in the hermit crabs Clibanarius tricolor and Clibanarius tibicen. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 3, 223234.

I. Lancaster , 1990. Reproduction and life history strategy of the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus. journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 70, 129142.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 6 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 36 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.