Skip to main content
×
Home

Mediterranean hexactinellid sponges, with the description of a new Sympagella species (Porifera, Hexactinellida)

  • Nicole Boury-Esnault (a1), Jean Vacelet (a1), Henry M. Reiswig (a2), Maïa Fourt (a1), Ricardo Aguilar (a3) and Pierre Chevaldonné (a1)...
Abstract

An overview is proposed of the hexactinellid sponge fauna of the Mediterranean Sea, including the description of a new species of Sympagella, S. delauzei sp. nov., collected by ROV during the exploration of deep-sea canyons of the NW Mediterranean and of deep banks and seamounts of the Alboran Sea. The type species of Sympagella, S. nux, is redescribed from specimens from the type locality. An 18S rDNA sequence of the new species was obtained and included in a phylogenetic tree of related hexactinellids. Some modifications to the classification of Rossellidae are proposed according to the new morphological and molecular data obtained during this study: the genera Caulophacus, and Caulophacella are accordingly moved from Rossellinae to Lanuginellinae.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: N. Boury-Esnault, Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie Marine et Continentale (IMBE), UMR 7263 CNRS, IRD, Aix Marseille Université, Avignon Université, Station Marine d'Endoume, Rue Batterie des Lions, Marseille 13007, France email: nicole.boury-esnault@orange.fr
References
Hide All
Bakran-Petricioli T., Vacelet J., Zibrowius H., Petricioli D., Chevaldonné P. and Rada T. (2007) New data on the distribution of the “deep-sea” sponges Asbestopluma hypogea and Oopsacas minuta in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Ecology 28, 1023.
Boury-Esnault N., Pansini M. and Uriz M.J. (1994) Spongiaires bathyaux de la mer d'Alboran et du golfe ibéro-marocain. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 160, 1174.
Boury-Esnault N., Marschal C., Kornprobst J.-M. and Barnathan G. (2002) A new species of Axinyssa Lendenfeld, 1897 (Porifera, Demospongiae, Halichondrida) from the Senegalese coast. Zootaxa 117, 18.
Boury-Esnault N. and Vacelet J. (1994) Preliminary studies on the organization and development of a hexactinellid sponge from a Mediterranean cave, Oopsacas minuta. In van Soest R.W.M., van Kempen T.M.G. and Braekman J.C. (eds) Sponges in time and space; biology, chemistry, paleontology. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, pp. 407416.
Bowerbank J.S. (1875) A monograph of the silicco-fibrous sponges. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 18, 272281.
Bowerbank J.S. (1876) Contribution to a general history of the Spongiadae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 8, 769775.
Burton M. (1928) Hexactinellida. Danish Ingolf Expedition 6, 118.
Cárdenas P., Pérez T. and Boury-Esnault N. (2012) Sponge systematics facing new challenges. Advances in Marine Biology 61, 79209.
Dohrmann M., Collins A.G. and Wörheide G. (2009) New insights into the phylogeny of glass sponges (Porifera, Hexactinellida): monophyly of Lyssacinosida and Euplectellinae, and the phylogenetic position of Euretidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52, 257262.
Dohrmann M., Janussen D., Reitner J., Collins A.G. and Wörheide G. (2008) Phylogeny and evolution of glass sponges (Porifera, Hexactinellida). Systematic Biology 57, 388405.
Dohrmann M., Göcke C., Reed J. and Janussen D. (2012 a) Integrative taxonomy justifies a new genus, Nodastrella gen. nov., for North Atlantic “Rossella“ species (Porifera: Hexactinellida: Rossellidae). Zootaxa 3383, 113.
Dohrmann M., Haen K.M., Lavrov D.V. and Wörheide G. (2012 b) Molecular phylogeny of glass sponges (Porifera, Hexactinellida): increased taxon sampling and inclusion of the mitochondrial protein-coding gene, cytochrome oxidase subunit I. Hydrobiologia 687, 1120.
Fourt M., Goujard A., Pérez T., Vacelet J., Sartoretto S., Chevaldonné P. and the scientific team of the MedSeaCan and CorSeaCan cruises (2014) French Mediterranean submarine canyons and deep rocky banks: a regional view for adapted conservation measures. In Langar H., Bouafif C. and Ouerghi A. (eds) Proceedings of the 1st Mediterranean Symposium on the Conservation of the Dark Habitats, Portoroz, Slovenia, 31 October 2014. Tunis: RAC/SPA Publishers, pp. 3338.
Gazave E., Lapébie P., Renard E., Vacelet J., Rocher C., Lavrov D.V. and Borchiellini C. (2010) Molecular phylogeny restores the supra-generic subdivision of Homoscleromorph sponges (Porifera, Homoscleromorpha). PLoS ONE 5, e14290.
Gray J.E. (1868) Observations on sponges and on their arrangement and nomenclature. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4, 161172.
Gray J.E. (1872). Notes on the classification of the sponges. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4, 442461.
Guindon S., Dufayard J.F., Lefort V., Anisimova M., Hordijk W. and Gascuel O. (2010). New algorithms and methods to estimate Maximum-Likelihood phylogenies: assessing the performance of PhyML 3.0. Systematic Biology 59, 307321.
Hall T.A. (1999) Bioedit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium 41, 9598.
Ijima I. (1903) Studies on the Hexactinellida. Contribution III. Placosoma a new euplectellid; Leucopsacidae and Caulophacidae. Journal of the College of Science 17, 1124.
Janussen D., Tabachnick K.R. and Tendal O.S. (2004). Deep-sea Hexactinellida (Porifera) of the Weddell Sea. Deep Sea Research (Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography) 51, 18571882.
Kent S. (1870) On the “Hexactinellidae” or hexaradiate spiculed siliceous sponges taken in the “Norna” expedition off coast of Spain and Portugal. With description of new species, and revision of the order. Monthly Microscopical Journal 4, 241252.
Koltun V.M. (1970) Sponge fauna of the north-western Pacific from the shallows to the ultra-abyssal depths. Institute of Oceanology of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. 86, 165221.
Larkin M.A., Blackshields G., Brown N.P., Chenna R., McGettigan P.A., McWilliam H., Valentin F., Wallace I.M., Wilm A., Lopez R., Thompson J.D., Gibson T.J. and Higgins D.G. (2007) Clustal W and Clustal X versio 2.0. Bioinformatics 23, 29472948.
Lendenfeld R. von (1915) Reports on the scientific results of the expedition on the Eastern tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer “Albatross”, 1891–1899 (29) The sponges. 3. Hexactinellida. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 42, 1396.
Lévi C. and Lévi P. (1989) Spongiaires (Musorstom 1 & 2). Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 143, 25103.
Maldonado M., Carmona C., Uriz M.J. and Cruzado A. (1999) Decline in Mesozoic reef-building by silicon limitation. Nature 401, 785788.
Marshall W. (1875) Untersuchungen über Hexactinelliden. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 25, 142243.
Milne-Edwards M.A. (1881) Compte-rendu sommaire d'une exploration zoologique faite dans la Méditerranée, à bord du navire de l'Etat le Travailleur. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris 93, 876882.
Pardo E., Aguilar R., García S., Torriente A. and Ubero J. (2011) Documentación de arrecifes de corales de agua fría en el Mediterraneo occidental (Mar de Alboran). Chronica naturae 1, 2034.
Reiswig H.M. and Stone R.P. (2013). New glass sponges (Porifera: Hexactinellida) from deep waters of the central Aleutian Islands, Alaska. Zootaxa 3628, 164.
Schmidt O. (1870) Grundzüge einer Spongien Fauna des Atlantischen Gebietes. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, pp. 185.
Schulze F.E. (1886) Ueber den Bau und des System der Hexactinelliden. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1886, 197.
Schulze F.E. (1887) Report on the Hexactinellida collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
Schulze F.E. (1899) Amerikanische Hexactinelliden nach dem materiale der Albatross-Expedition. Jena: Fischer.
Schulze F.E. (1900) Mittelmeer Hexactinelliden. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenshaften 12, 18.
Schulze F.E. (1903) Caulophacus arcticus (Armauer Hansen) und Calycosoma gracile F.E.Sch. nov. spec. Abhandlungen der Köninglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1, 122.
Sitjà C. and Maldonado M. (2014) New and rare sponges from the deep shelf of the Alboran Island (Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean). Zootaxa 3760, 141179.
Tabachnick K.R. (1999) Abolishment of the family Caulophacidae (Porifera: Hexactinellida). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 44, 603605.
Tabachnick K.R. (2002) Family Rossellidae Schulze, 1885. In Hooper J.N.A. and van Soest R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, pp. 14411505.
Tabachnick K.R., Janussen D. and Menschenina L.L. (2008) New Australian Hexactinellida (Porifera) with a revision of Euplectella aspergillum. Zootaxa 1866, 768.
Tabachnick K.R. and Lévi C. (2004) Lyssacinosida du Pacifique sud-ouest (Porifera: Hexactinellida). Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle 191, 1171.
Tabachnick K.R. and Menshenina L.L. (2013) New data on glass sponges (Porifera, Hexactinellida) of the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Part 2. Aphrocallistidae, Euretidae, Euplectellidae and Rossellidae (with descriptions of two new species of Sympagella). Marine Biology Research 9, 469487.
Thomson W. (1869) On Holtenia, a genus of vitreous sponges. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 18, 701720.
Topsent E. (1904) Spongiaires des Açores. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco, 25, 1280.
Topsent E. (1927) Diagnoses d'éponges nouvelles recueillies par le Prince Albert 1er de Monaco. Bulletin de l'Institut océanographique de Monaco 502, 119.
Topsent E. (1928) Spongiaires de l'Atlantique et de la Méditerranée, provenant des croisières du prince Albert Ier de Monaco. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco 74, 1376.
Uriz M.J. (1988) Deep-water sponges from the continental shelf and slope off Namibia (southwest Africa): Classes Hexactinellida and Demospongia. Monografías de Zoologia marina 3, 9157.
Uriz M.-J. and Rosell D. (1986) Hyalonema thompsoni Marshall, une nouvelle hexactinellidae méditerranéene et ses affinités avec H. infundibulum Topsent. Rapports et Procès-Verbaux des Réunions de la Commission internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditerranée 30, 11.
Uriz M.J. and Rosell D. (1990) Sponges from bathyal depths (1000–1750 m) in the western Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Natural History 24, 373391.
Vacelet J. (1960) Eponges de la Méditerranée Nord-Occidentale récoltées par le “Président-Théodore-Tissier” (1958). Recueil des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes 24, 257272.
Vacelet J. (1961) Quelques éponges remarquables de Méditerranée. Recueil des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes 25, 351354.
Vacelet J. (1969) Eponges de la Roche du Large et de l'étage bathyal de Méditerranée (récoltes de la Soucoupe plongeante Cousteau et dragages). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 59, 145219.
Vacelet J. (2006) New carnivorous sponges (Porifera, Poecilosclerida) collected from manned submersibles in the deep Pacific. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 148, 553584.
Vacelet J., Boury-Esnault N. and Harmelin J.-G. (1994). Hexactinellid cave, a unique deep-sea habitat in the scuba zone. Deep-Sea Research 41, 965973.
Van Soest R.W.M., Boury-Esnault N., Hooper J.N.A., Rützler K., de Voogd N.J., Alvarez de Glasby B., Hajdu E., Pisera A.B., Manconi R., Schoenberg C., Janussen D., Tabachnick K.R., Klautau M., Picton B., Kelly M., Vacelet J., Dohrmann M., Díaz M.-C. and Cárdenas P. (2014) World Porifera database. http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera.
Zibrowius H. (1981). Thanatocoenose pleistocène profonde à Spongiaires et Scléractiniaires dans la fosse hellénique. Commission internationale pour l'exploration scientifique de la Mer Méditerranée, Rapports et Procès-verbaux 1981, 17.
Zibrowius H. (1985) Spongiaires Hexactinellides vivant en mer Ionienne par 2000 m de profondeur. Rapport de la Commission internationale de la Mer Méditerranée 29, 335338.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 34 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 310 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.