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On Balistiform Locomotion

  • R. W. Blake (a1)

Little is known about the swimming of fish in which flexures of the body and caudal fin are not the main means of locomotion. Breder (1926) provides brief descriptive accounts and a useful classification of the main non-body modes of locomotion in teleosts. These are discussed in general terms by Harris (1937, 1953), Marshall (1965, pp. 31–41) and Lighthill (1969).

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*Present address: Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge.
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Alexander R. Mcn., 1973. Muscle performance in locomotion and other strenuous activities. In Comparative Physiology (ed. Bolis L., Schmidt-Nielson K. and Maddrell S. H. P.), pp. 121. North-Holland.
Blake R. W., 1976. On seahorse locomotion. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56, 939949.
Blake R. W., 1977. On ostraciiform locomotion. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 10471055.
Breder C. M., 1926. The locomotion of fishes. Zoologica, New York, 4, 159297.
Gray J., 1933. Directional control of fish movement. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 113, 115125.
Gray J., 1968. Animal Locomotion, x, 479 pp. World Naturalist Series. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
Harris J. E., 1937. The mechanical significance of the position and movement of the paired fins in the teleostei. Papers from the Tortugus Laboratory, 31, 171189.
Harris J. E., 1953. Fin patterns and the mode of life of fishes. In Essays in Marine Biology (ed. Marshall S. M. and Orr P.), pp. 1728. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd.
Lighthill M. J., 1969. Hydrodynamics of aquatic animal propulsion. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 1, 413446.
Marshall N. B., 1965. The Life of Fishes. 402 pp. World Naturalist Series. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
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Webb P. W., 1973. Kinematics of pectoral fin propulsion in Cymatogaster aggregata. Journal of Experimental Biology, 59, 697710.
Webb P. W., 1975. Hydrodynamics and energetics of fish propulsion. Bulletin. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, No. 190, 159 pp.
Weihs D., 1972. A hydrodynamical analysis of fish turning manoeuvres. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), 182, 5972.
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Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
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