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Polymastiidae (Porifera: Demospongiae) of the Nordic and Siberian Seas

  • Alexander Plotkin (a1), Elena Gerasimova (a2) and Hans Tore Rapp (a1) (a3) (a4)
Abstract

Polymastiidae (Porifera: Demospongiae) of the Nordic and Siberian Seas are revised and compared with the related species of the North Atlantic based on the morphological data from the type and comparative material and the molecular data from fresh samples. Twenty species from six polymastiid genera are recorded. Two species, Polymastia svenseni from Western Norway and Spinularia njordi from the Norwegian Sea, are new to science. One species, Polymastia andrica, is new to the Nordic Seas and two species, Polymastia cf. bartletti and P. penicillus, are new to the Scandinavian Coast. Distribution of the polymastiids in the North Atlantic and Arctic is discussed and the allegedly wide distribution of Spinularia sarsii and S. spinularia is questioned.

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: A. Plotkin, Department of Biology, University of Bergen, Postbox 7803, 5020 Bergen, Norway. email: alexander.s.plotkin@gmail.com
References
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