Skip to main content Accessibility help

Post-Larval Development of the Tellinacean Bivalves Abra Alba, Tellina Fabula and Donax Vittatus (Mollusca: Bivalvia), With Reference to the Late Larva

  • C. M. Webb (a1)

The post-larval shell and hinge development of the bivalves Abra alba (Wood), Tellina fabula Gmelin and Donax vittatus (da Costa) from the recently metamorphosed size to a juvenile size of 1·2–1·4 mm shell length has been examined using scanning electron microscopy. Early post-larval development in the stages up to 1·0–1·2 mm size can involve considerable morphogenetic change and requires careful description with photographic developmental series. The form of the pediveliger larva is present in the early post-larval shell and confirms the identity of the larvae of A. alba and T. fabula. The veliger and pediveliger larvae of A. alba are described. The similar larval form of the tellinacean bivalves is modified by differential margin growth early in post-larval development. Comparison of these bivalves with allied species reveals that the post-larvae are distinguishable at even the smallest sizes by the shell and hinge form. The metamorphic size of A. alba ranges from 0·26 to 0·31 mm, of T. fabula from 0·25 to 0·28 mm and of D. vittatus from 0·25 to 0·35 mm. The bivalve post-larvae were collected from the shallow sublittoral of Oxwich Bay, Bristol Channel, U.K., and the larvae from the overlying waters, during the years 1980–2.

Hide All
Aabel, J. P., 1983. Morphology and function in post-metamorphal Abra alba (Bivalvia: Tellinacea). Sarsia, 68, 213219.
Ansell, A. D., 1962. The functional morphology of the larva, and the post-larval development of Venus striatula (da Costa). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 42, 419443.
Bernard, F., 1898. Recherches ontogeniques et morphologiques sur la coquille des lamellibranches; premiere partie, Taxodontes et Anisomyaires. Annales des sciences naturelles (Zoologie), 8, 1208.
Chanley, P., 1969. Larval development of the coquina clam Donax variabilis Say, with a discussion of the structure of the larval hinge in the Tellinacea. Bulletin of Marine Science, 19, 214223.
Chanley, P. & Andrews, J. D., 1971. Aids for identification of bivalve larvae of Virginia. Malacologia, 11, 45119.
Frenkiel, L. & Moueza, M., 1979. Developpement larvaire de deux Tellinacea, Scrobiculariaplana (Semelidae) et Donax vittatus (Donacidae). Marine Biology, 55, 187195.
Frenkiel, L. & Moueza, M., 1984. Etude ontogenetique de l'organe sensoriel du muscle cruciforme des Tellinacea. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 50, 162178.
Jablonski, D. & LUTZ, R. A., 1980. Molluscan larval shell morphology, ecological and palaeontological applications. In Skeletal Growth of Aquatic Organisms (ed. Rhoads, D. C. and Lutz, R. A.), pp. 323377. New York: Plenum Press.
Jorgensen, C. B., 1946. Lamellibranch veligers from Danish waters. Meddelelser fra Danmarks Fiskeri- og Havundersogelser (ser. Plankton), 4, 277314.
Kandler, R., 1926. Muschellarven aus dem Helgolander plankton. Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen der Kommission zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere (abt. Helgoland), 16, 18.
Labarbera, M., 1974. Larval and post-larval development of five species of Miocene bivalves. Journal of Palaeontology, 48, 256277.
Lebour, M. V., 1938. Notes on the breeding of some lamellibranchs from Plymouth and their larvae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 23, 119144.
Loosanoff, V. L. & Davies, H. C., 1963. Rearing of bivalve molluscs. Advances in Marine Biology, 1, 1136.
Loosanoff, V. L., Davis, H. C. & Chanley, P., 1966. Dimensions and shapes of larvae of some marine bivalve molluscs. Malacologia, 4, 351435.
Loven, G., 1848. Beitrage zur kenntnis der entwicklung der Mollusca, Acephala Lamellibranchia. Abhandlungen der K. Schwedisch Akademie Wissenschaften (republished in 1879 at Stockholm with additional notes, 1–39).
Muus, K., 1973. Settling, growth and mortality of young bivalves in the Oresund. Ophelia, 12, 79116.
Nott, P. L., 1980. Reproduction in Abra alba (Wood) and Abra tenuis (Montagu) (Tellinacea: Scrobiculariidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 60, 465–179.
Ockelmann, K. W., 1965. Developmental types in marine bivalves and their distribution along the Atlantic coast of Europe. In Proceedings of the First European Malacological Congress, 1962 (ed. Cox, L. R. and Peake, J.), pp. 2535. London: Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland and the Malacological Society of London.
Raven, C. P., 1958. Morphogenesis: the Analysis of Molluscan Development. New York: Pergamon Press.
Rees, C. B., 1950. The identification and classification of lamellibranch larvae. Hull Bulletins of Marine Ecology, 3, 73104.
Sastry, A. N., 1979. Reproduction of pelecypods (excluding Ostreidae). In Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates, vol. 5. Molluscs: Pelecypoda and Lesser Classes (ed. Giese, A. C. and Pearse, J.), pp. 113292. New York: Academic Press.
Sullivan, C. M., 1948. Bivalve larvae of Malpeque Bay P.E.I. Bulletin. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, no. 77, 36 pp.
Webb, C. M., 1984. Seasonal Variation and Settlement of Some Marine Benthic Invertebrate Larvae on Sediments. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wales.
Werner, B., 1939. Uber die entwicklung und artunterscheidung von muschellarven des nordseeplanktons, unter besonderer berucksichtigung der schalenentwicklung. Zoologische Jahrbücher (abt. Anatomie und Ontologie der Tiere), 66, 154.
Zakhvatkina, K. A., 1959. Larvae of bivalve mollusks of the Sevastopol region of the Black Sea. Trudy Sevastopol' skoῖ biologicheskoῖ stantsii. Akademiya nauk SSSR, 11, 108152.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed