Skip to main content
×
Home

“You are in a place that is out of the world. . .”: Music in the Detention Camps of the “Global War on Terror”

Abstract
Abstract

Based on first-person accounts of interrogators and former detainees as well as unclassified military documents, this article outlines the variety of ways that “loud music” has been used in the detention camps of the United States‘ “global war on terror.” A survey of practices at Bagram Air Force Base, Afghanistan; Camp Nama (Baghdad), Iraq; Forward Operating Base Tiger (Al-Qaim), Iraq; Mosul Air Force Base, Iraq; Guantánamo, Cuba; Camp Cropper (Baghdad), Iraq; and at the “dark prisons” from 2002 to 2006 reveals that the use of “loud music” was a standard, openly acknowledged component of “harsh interrogation.” Such music was understood to be one medium of the approach known as “futility” in both the 1992 and the 2006 editions of the US Army's field manual for interrogation. The purpose of such “futility” techniques as “loud music” and “gender coercion” is to persuade a detainee that resistance to interrogation is futile, yet the military establishment itself teaches techniques by which “the music program” can be resisted. The article concludes with the first-person account of a young US citizen, working in Baghdad as a contractor, who endured military detention and “the music program” for ninety-seven days in mid-2006—a man who knew how to resist.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      “You are in a place that is out of the world. . .”: Music in the Detention Camps of the “Global War on Terror”
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      “You are in a place that is out of the world. . .”: Music in the Detention Camps of the “Global War on Terror”
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      “You are in a place that is out of the world. . .”: Music in the Detention Camps of the “Global War on Terror”
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Al-Ghazzali . On Listening to Music. Trans. Muhammad Nur Abdus Salam, with an introduction by Laleh Bakhtiar. Great Books of the Islamic World, series ed. Seyyed Hossein Nasr. n.p.: Kazi Publications, 2003.
Amnesty International. “Iraq: Decades of Suffering, Now Women Deserve Better.” http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE140012005?open&of=ENG-IRQ (accessed 10 October 2007).
Beaver Lt. Col. Diane E. “Legal Brief on Proposed Counter-Resistance Strategies.” In Greenberg and Dratel, The Torture Papers, 229–36.
Beccaria Cesare. Dei delitti e delle pene. Livorno: Coltellini, 1764.
Begg Moazzam. Enemy Combatant: My Imprisonment at Guantánamo, Bagram, and Kandahar. New York: New Press, 2006.
Begg Moazzam. Telephone interview with the author, 18 April 2007.
Bellamy Richard, ed. On Crimes and Punishments, and Other Writings. Beccaria, trans. Richard Davies with Virginia Cox and Richard Bellamy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Center for Constitutional Rights. Report on Torture and Cruel, Inhuman, and Degrading Treatment of Prisoners at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. New York, July 2006.
Central Intelligence Agency. KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation. July 1963, http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB122/CIA%20Kubark% 201-60.pdf (accessed 8 October 2007).
Conroy John. Unspeakable Acts, Ordinary People: The Dynamics of Torture. An Examination of the Practice of Torture in Three Democracies. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Department of the Army. FM 34–52, Intelligence Interrogation. 1992. http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/intel_interrrogation_sept-1992.pdf (accessed 8 October 2007).
Department of the Army. FM 2-22.3 (34–52). Human Intelligence Collector Operations, September 2006, http://www.army.mil/institution/armypublicaffairs/pdf/fm2-22-3.pdf (accessed 8 October 2007).
Department of the Army. Army Regulation 15-6: Final Report. Investigation into FBI Allegations of Detainee Abuse at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba Detention Facility. 1 April 2005 (amended 9 June 2005), http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Jul2005/d20050714report.pdf (accessed 8 October 2007).
Executive Order: Interpretation of the Geneva Conventions Common Article 3 as Applied to a Program of Detention and Interrogation Operated by the Cent- ral Intelligence Agency, signed by President George W. Bush on 20 July 2007, http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2007/07/20070720-4.html (accessed 28 September 2007).
Gall Carlotta. “The Reach of War: Detainees’ Rights Group Reports Afghanistan Torture.” New York Times, 19 December 2005.
Greenberg Karen J., and Joshua L. Dratel, eds. The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Grey Stephen, and Ian Cobain. “Suspect's Tale of Travel and Torture.” The Guardian, 2 August 2005.
Golden Tim, and Eric Schmitt. “A Growing Afghan Prison Rivals Bleak Guantánamo.” New York Times, 26 February 2006.
Harding Luke. “After Abu Ghraib.” The Guardian, 20 September 2004, http://www.doublestandards.org/harding1.html (accessed 10 October 2007).
Hastings Deborah. “Steep Price Paid by Those Who Blew Whistle on Iraq Fraud,” Associated Press, 25 August 2007, http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2007/08/25/3410 (accessed 29 September 2007).
Human Rights Watch. “No Blood, No Foul”: Soldiers' Accounts of Detainee Abuse in Iraq. Report 18/3 (July 2006).
Lagouranis Tony, and Allen Mikaelian. Fear Up Harsh: An Army Interrogator's Dark Journey Through Iraq. New York: NAL Caliber, 2007.
Macky Chris, and Greg Miller. The Interrogators: Inside the Secret War Against Al Qaeda. New York: Little, Brown, 2004.
Mahmood Saba. Politics and Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2005.
Mayer Jane. “Outsourcing Torture: The Secret History of America's ‘Extraordinary Rendition’ Program.” The New Yorker, 14 February 2005, http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2005/02/14/050214fa_fact6 (accessed 7 October 2007).
Mayer Jane. “The Gitmo Experiment.” The New Yorker, 6 July 2006, http://www.newyorker.com/archive/2005/07/11/050711fa_fact4 (accessed 7 October 2007).
Mayer Jane. “The Black Sites: The CIA's Interrogation Techniques.” The New Yorker, 8 August 2007, http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/08/13/070813fa_fact_mayer (accessed 7 October 2007).
McConnell Admiral Michael. Interview by Tim Russert, Meet the Press, NBC, 22 July 2007, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19850951 (accessed 29 September 2007).
McCoy Alfred. A Question of Torture: CIA Interrogation, From the Cold War to the War on Terror. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2006.
Moss Michael. “American Recalls Torment as a U.S. Detainee in Iraq.” New York Times, 18 December 2006.
Moss Michael. Interview by Lisa Myers. MSNBC, 17 June 2007, http://www.msnbc/msn/com/id/19226700 (accessed 29 September 2007).
Otterman Michael. American Torture from the Cold War to Abu Ghraib and Beyond. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2007.
Phinney David. “Ridenhour Prize for Truth-Telling: ‘My Name Used to Be 200343.’” Inter Press Service, 5 April 2007, http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2007/04/05/337 (accessed 29 September 2007).
Saar Erik, and Viveca Novak. Inside the Wire: A Military Intelligence Soldier's Eyewitness Account of Life at Guantánamo. New York: Penguin, 2005.
Sassi Nazir. Prissonier 325. De Vénissieux à Guantanamo. Paris: Editions Denoël, 2006.
Scarry Elaine. The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Schmitt Eric, and Carolyn Marshall, “Task Force 6–26: Inside Camp Nama; In Secret Unit's ‘Black Room,’ A Grim Portrait of U.S. Abuse.” New York Times, 19 March 2006.
Shane Scott, David Johnston, and James Risen. “Secret U.S. Endorsement of Severe Interrogation.” New York Times, 4 October 2007.
Shiloah Amnon. Music in the World of Islam: A Socio-Cultural Study. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1995.
Smith Craig, with Souad Mekhemnet and Mark Mazzetti. “Algerian Tells of Dark Odyssey in U.S. Hands.” New York Times, 7 July 2006.
“‘Surge’ Has Led to More Detainees.” Washington Post, 15 August 2007.
Vance Donald. Response to e-mail questionnaire from the author, 29 December 2006.
Vance Donald. Telephone interview with the author, 28 January 2007.
Vance Donald.. Telephone interview with the author, 25 July 2007.
White Josh, and Robin Wright. “Afghanistan Agrees to Accept Detainees.” Washington Post, 5 August 2005.
Willemsen Roger. Guantánamo Speaking: Per la prima volta parlano gli ex-detenti. Interviste di Roger Willemsen, trans. Ludovica Maggi. Napoli: Michele di Salvo Editore, 2006. Originally published as Hier spricht Guantánamo: Roger Willemsen interviewst Ex-Häftlinge. Frankfurt am Main: Zweitausendeins, 2006.
Zagorin Adam, and Michael Duffy. “Inside the Interrogation of Detainee 063.” Time, 12 June 2005, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1071284,00.html (accessed 7 October 2007).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Society for American Music
  • ISSN: 1752-1963
  • EISSN: 1752-1971
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-society-for-american-music
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 458
Total number of PDF views: 741 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 4170 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.