Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Alcohol Consumption and Political Ideology: What's Party Got to Do with It?*

  • Pavel A. Yakovlev (a1) and Walter P. Guessford (a2)

Recent research in psychology and sociology has established a connection between political beliefs and unhealthy behaviors such as excessive alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug consumption. In this study, we estimate the relationship between political ideology and the demand for beer, wine, and spirits using a longitudinal panel of fifty U.S. states from 1952 to 2010. Controlling for various socioeconomic factors and unobserved heterogeneity, we find that when a state becomes more liberal politically, its consumption of beer and spirits rises, while its consumption of wine may fall. Our findings suggest that political beliefs are correlated with the demand for alcohol. (JEL Classifications: D3, D12, I1)

Corresponding author
Hide All

We thank an anonymous referee and the faculty members at Duquesne University for constructive comments and suggestions.

Hide All
A.M. Bell (2002). Locally interdependent preferences in a general equilibrium environment. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 47, 309333.

W.D. Berry , E.J. Ringquist , R.C. Fording , and R.L. Hanson (1998). Measuring citizen and government ideology in the American states, 1960–93. American Journal of Political Science, 42, 327348.

W.D. Berry , E.J. Ringquist , R.C. Fording , R.L. Hanson , and C.E. Klarner (2010). Measuring citizen and government ideology in the U.S. states: A re-appraisal. State Politics and Policy Quarterly, 10, 117135.

K. Binmore (2005). Natural Justice. New York: Oxford University Press.

E.E. Bouchery , H.J. Harwood , J.J. Sacks , C.J. Simon , and D.B. Brewer (2011). Economic costs of excessive alcohol consumption in the U.S., 2006. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41, 516524.

T. Brown , G. Parks , R. Zimmerman , and C. Phillips (2001). The role of religion in predicting adolescent alcohol use and problem drinking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62, 383399.

G.V. Caprara , C. Barbaranelli , and P.G. Zimbardo (1999). Personality profiles and political parties. Political Psychology, 20, 175197.

F.J. Chaloupka , H. Saffer , and M. Grossman (1993). Alcohol-control policies and motor vehicle fatalities. Journal of Legal Studies, 22, 161186.

D. Coate , and M. Grossman (1988). Effects of alcoholic beverage prices and legal drinking ages on youth alcohol use. Journal of Law and Economics, 31, 145–71.

W. Cockerham (2005). Health lifestyle theory and the convergence of agency and structure. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46, 5167.

W. Cockerham , M. Snead , and D. DeWaal (2002). Health lifestyles in Russia and the socialist heritage. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 4255.

W. Cockerham , B.P. Hinote , G.B. Cockerham , and P. Abbott (2006). Health lifestyles and political ideology in Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. Social Science & Medicine, 62, 17991809.

L.G. Conway , S.M. Sexton , and R.G. Tweed (2006). Collectivism and governmentally initiated restrictions: A cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis across nations and within a nation. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 123.

E.S. Dickson (2006). Rational choice epistemology and belief formation in mass politics. Journal of Theoretical Politics, 18, 454497.

F. Dietrich , and C. List (2012). Where do preferences come from? International Journal of Game Theory, 42, 613637.

J.C. Driscoll , and A.C. Kraay (1998). Consistent covariance matrix estimation with spatially dependent panel data. Review of Economics and Statistics, 80, 549560.

S. Eidelman , C.S. Crandall , J.A. Goodman , and J.C. Blanchar (2012). Low-effort thought promotes political conservatism. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 808820.

S. Farrell , W.G. Manning , and M.D. Finch (2003). Alcohol dependence and the price of alcoholic beverages. Journal of Health Economics, 22, 117–47.

A. Franco , C. Alvarez-Dardet , and M. Ruiz (2004). Effect of democracy on health: Ecological study. British Medical Journal, 329, 14211422.

D.G. Freeman (2000). Alternative panel estimates of alcohol demand, taxation, and the business cycle. Southern Economic Journal, 67, 325344.

K. Frohlich , E. Corin , and L. Potvin (2001). A theoretical proposal for the relationship between context and disease. Sociology of Health and Illness, 23, 776797.

J. Graham , J. Haidt , and B.A. Nosek (2009). Liberals and conservatives rely on different sets of moral foundations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 10291046.

N. Granö , M. Virtanen , J. Vahtera , M. Elovainio , and M. Kivimäki (2004). Impulsivity as a predictor of smoking and alcohol consumption. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 16931700.

E. Grau , and G. Ortet (1999). Personality traits and alcohol consumption in a sample of non-alcoholic women. Personality and Individual Differences, 27(6), 10571066.

K. Hartley (1985). Exogenous factors in economic theory: Neo-classical economics. Social Science Information, 24, 457483.

G. Hodson , and M.A. Busseri (2012). Lower cognitive ability predicts greater prejudice through right-wing ideology and low intergroup contact. Psychological Science, 23, 187195.

J.T. Jost , C.M. Frederico , and J.L. Napier (2009). Political ideology: Its structure, functions, and electives affinities. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 307337.

J.K. Kacen , and J.A. Lee (2002). The influence of culture on consumer impulsive buying behavior. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 12, 163176.

S. Kanazawa , and J. Hellberg (2010). Intelligence and substance use. Review of General Psychology, 14, 382396.

J. Kau , and P. Rubin (1979). Self-interest, ideology, and logrolling in congressional voting. Journal of Law and Economics, 22, 365384.

D.S. Kenkel (1996). New estimates of the optimal tax on alcohol. Economic Inquiry, 34, 296319.

W.C. Kerr , T.K. Greenfield , J. Bond , Y. Ye , and J. Rehm (2004). Age, period and cohort influences on beer, wine and spirits consumption trends in the U.S. National Alcohol Surveys. Addiction, 99, 11111120.

W.G. Manning , L. Blumberg , and L.H. Moulton (1995). The demand for alcohol: The differential response to price. Journal of Health Economics, 14, 123–48.

S. Markowitz , R. Kaestner , and M. Grossman (2005). An investigation of the effects of alcohol consumption and alcohol policies on youth risky sexual behaviors. American Economic Review, 95(2), 263266.

M. McKee , V. Shkolnikov , and D. Leon (2001). Alcohol is implicated in the fluctuations in cardiovascular disease in Russia since the 1980s. Annals of Epidemiology, 11(1), 16.

B. Meyer (1990). Unemployment insurance and unemployment spells. Econometrica, 58, 757782.

R.T. Michael , and G.S. Becker (1973). On the new theory of consumer behavior. Swedish Journal of Economics, 75, 378396.

J.L. Napier , and J.T. Jost (2008). Why are conservatives happier than liberals? Association for Psychological Science, 19(6), 565572.

J. Nelson (2003). Advertising bans, monopoly, and alcohol demand: Testing for substitution effects using panel data. Review of Industrial Organization, 22, 125.

T. Ogwang , and D.I. Cho (2009). Economic determinants of the consumption of alcoholic beverages in Canada: A panel data analysis. Empirical Economics, 37, 599613.

S. Peltzman (1975). The Effects of automobile safety regulation. Journal of Political Economy, 83, 677725.

K.T. Poole (1998). Recovering an issue space from a set of issue scales. American Journal of Political Science, 42, 954993.

S. Ramanathan , and G. Menon (2006). Time-varying effects of chronic hedonic goals on impulsive behavior. Journal of Marketing Research, 43, 628641.

P. Ramful , and X. Zhao (2006). Heterogeneity in alcohol consumption: The case of beer, wine and spirits in Australia. Economic Record, 84, 207222.

C.J. Ruhm (1996). Alcohol policies and highway vehicle fatalities. Journal of Health Economics, 15, 435454.

S. Shim , and J. Maggs (2005). A cognitive and behavioral hierarchical decision-making model of college students' alcohol consumption. Psychology & Marketing, 22, 649668.

V. Shkolnikov , M. McKee , and D. Leon (2001). Changes in life expectancy in Russia in the mid-1990s. Lancet, 357, 917921.

G. Smith (2004). Lifestyle, health, and health promotion in Nazi Germany. British Medical Journal, 329, 14241425.

H.C. Triandis , and M.J. Gelfand (1998). Converging measurements of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 118128.

A.J. Vandello , and D. Cohen (1999). Patterns of individualism and collectivism across the United States. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 279292.

K.D. Vohs , and R.J. Faber (2007). Spent resources: Self-regulatory resource availability affects impulse buying. Journal of Consumer Research, 33, 537547.

E. Washington (2008). Female socialization: How daughters affect their legislator fathers' voting on women's issues. American Economic Review, 98, 311332.

S. Yang , and G. M. Allenby (2003). Modeling interdependent consumer preferences. Journal of Marketing Research, 40, 282294.

Y. Zhang , and L.J. Shrum (2009). The influence of self-construal on impulsive consumption. Journal of Consumer Research, 35, 838850.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Wine Economics
  • ISSN: 1931-4361
  • EISSN: 1931-437X
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-wine-economics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 7
Total number of PDF views: 70 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 622 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 18th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.