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The Impact of Climate Change on Viticulture and Wine Quality*

  • Cornelis van Leeuwen (a1) and Philippe Darriet (a2)

Abstract

Climate change is a major challenge in wine production. Temperatures are increasing worldwide, and most regions are exposed to water deficits more frequently. Higher temperatures trigger advanced phenology. This shifts the ripening phase to warmer periods in the summer, which will affect grape composition, in particular with respect to aroma compounds. Increased water stress reduces yields and modifies fruit composition. The frequency of extreme climatic events (hail, flooding) is likely to increase. Depending on the region and the amount of change, this may have positive or negative implications on wine quality. Adaptation strategies are needed to continue to produce high-quality wines and to preserve their typicity according to their origin in a changing climate. The choice of plant material is a valuable resource to implement these strategies. (JEL Classifications: Q13, Q54)

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Corresponding author

(corresponding author). e-mail: vanleeuwen@agro-bordeaux.fr

Footnotes

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*

We thank Marc and Matthieu Dubernet for the data on grape composition in the Languedoc (Figure 2) and Alexandre Pons for the massoia lactone data (Figure 4).

Footnotes

References

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