Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Role of Craft Breweries in Expanding (Local) Hop Production

  • Elizabeth A. Dobis (a1), Neil Reid (a2), Claudia Schmidt (a3) and Stephan J. Goetz (a4)

Abstract

Hop production has expanded dramatically in recent years along with the number of local craft breweries, but to date the relationship between these two phenomena has not been explored systematically. Using a state-level pooled count data model with observations from 2007, 2012, and 2017, we examine the independent lagged effects of breweries on the number of hop farms and acres grown, holding constant fixed effects and key economic and geographic factors. Our results confirm that the number of breweries is associated with more hop production (farms and acres) five years later, while warmer temperatures and higher land prices discourage it. (JEL Classifications: L66, Q11, R30)

Copyright

Corresponding author

e-mail: edobis@psu.edu (corresponding author)

Footnotes

Hide All

This paper was presented at the 13th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Wine Economists in Vienna, Austria, 14–18 July 2019. We thank the editors and an anonymous referee for reviewing our paper and conference attendees for their helpful comments. This work was supported in part by the United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture under grant 2018-51150-28696 and by the Pennsylvania State University and NIFA Multistate/Regional Research Appropriations under project NE1749. Any opinions expressed are strictly those of the authors and not of the funders.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Elzinga, K. G., Tremblay, C. H., and Tremblay, V. J. (2015). Craft beer in the United States: History, numbers, and geography. Journal of Wine Economics, 10(3), 242274.
Flack, W. (1997). American microbreweries and neolocalism: “Ale-ing” for a sense of place. Journal of Cultural Geography 16(2), 3753.
Goetz, S. J. (1997). State- and county-level determinants of food manufacturing establishment growth: 1987–93. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 79(3), 838850.
Goetz, S. J., Deller, S., and Harris, T. (eds.). (2009). Targeting Regional Economic Development. Abingdon, UK: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group.
Green, C. P. (1997). Comparison of Tettnanger, Saaz, Hallertau and Fuggle hops grown in the USA, Australia and Europe. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 103(4), 239243.
Hart, J. (2018). Drink beer for science: An experiment on consumer preferences for local craft beer. Journal of Wine Economics, 13(4), 429441.
Hartis, D. (2015). North Carolina farmers grow hops, grain. All About Beer Magazine, 19 June. Available at http://allaboutbeer.com/north-carolina-hops.
Hieronymus, S. (2015). Cascade – A study in hop terroir. Appellation Beer, 28 February. Available at https://appellationbeer.com/blog/cascade-a-study-in-hop-terroir.
Hop Growers of America. (2019). USA Hops 2018 Statistical Report. Available at https://www.usahops.org/img/blog_pdf/168.pdf.
Ison, J. (2015). Ohio farmers keen on hops. Cincinnati.com, 24 March. Available at https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/2015/03/23/ohio-farmers-keen-hops/70357990.
Krakowski, A. (2014). A bitter past: Hop farming in nineteenth-century Vermont. Vermont History, 82(2), 91105.
Malone, T., and Lusk, J. L. (2016). Brewing up entrepreneurship: Government intervention in beer. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 5(3), 325342.
Markus, B. (2014). Local hops can't keep pace with Colorado breweries. Colorado Public Radio, 2 October. Available at http://www.cpr.org/news/story/local-hops-can-t-keep-pace-colorado-breweries.
McLaughlin, R. B., Reid, N., and Moore, M. S. (2016). Inter-metropolitan location patterns of commercial craft brewing in the United States. Studies in Regional Science, 46(1), 115129.
New York State Brewers Association. ND. Farm Brewery. Available at https://newyorkcraftbeer.com/farm-brewery.
Rumney, T. (1998). A search for economic alternatives: Hops in Franklin County, New York during the nineteenth century. Middle States Geographer, 31, 2334.
Schimke, C. (2018). Brewing terroir: Unearthing the distinct regional flavor of hops. The Growler, 26 February. Available at https://growlermag.com/brewing-terroir-unearthing-distinct-regional-flavors-in-hops.
Schnell, S. M., and Reese, J. E. (2014). Microbreweries, place, and identity in the United States. In Patterson, M. and Hoalst-Pullen, N. (eds.), The Geography of Beer, 167–187. Dordrecht: Springer.
Schönberger, C., and Kostelecky, T. (2011). 125th anniversary review: The role of hops in brewing. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 117(3), 259267.
Trotter, G. (2016). Despite craft beer boom, not much hoppin' on Illinois farms. Chicago Tribune, 2 August. Available at http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-illinois-hop-farms-0803-biz-20160802-story.html.
Van Holle, A., Van Landschoot, A., Roldán-Ruiz, I., Naudts, D., and De Keukeleire, D. (2017). The brewing value of Amarillo hops (humulus lupulus L.) grown in northwestern USA: A preliminary study of terroir significance. Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 123(3), 312318.
Watson, B. (2014). A fistful of hops. Brewers Association. Available at https://www.brewersassociation.org/insights/a-fistful-of-hops.

Keywords

The Role of Craft Breweries in Expanding (Local) Hop Production

  • Elizabeth A. Dobis (a1), Neil Reid (a2), Claudia Schmidt (a3) and Stephan J. Goetz (a4)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed