Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Linguistic change and diffusion: description and explanation in sociolinguistic dialect geography

  • Peter Trudgill (a1)
Abstract

Linguistic geography has remained relatively unaffected by recent developments in sociolinguistic theory and method and theoretical geography. In this paper it is argued that insights and techniques from both these disciplines will be of value in improving descriptions of geographical variation in language, and that these improvements will in turn lead to more adequate explanations for certain of the social and spatial characteristics of linguistic change. Evidence in favour of a sociolinguistic methodology and new cartographic techniques in dialect geography is drawn from empirical studies in urban dialectology, in East Anglia, England, and rural dialectology, in Norway. (Sociolinguistic variation, dialectology, linguistic change, British English, Norwegian.)

Copyright
References
Hide All
Afendras, E. (1969). Sociolinguistic history, sociolinguistic geography and bilingualism. In Giornate internazionali di sociolinguistica. Rome: Instituto Luigi Sturzo.
Afendras, E. (1970a). Spatial and social aspects of multilingual communication. Pensiero e linguaggio in operazioni I. 131–9.
Afendras, E. ( 1970b). Diffusion processes in language: prediction and planning. Quebec: C.I.R.B. Mimeo.
Bach, A. (1950). Deutsche Mundartforschung. Heidelberg: Winter.
Bailey, C.-J. N. (1971). Trying to talk in the new paradigm. Papers in Linguistics 4, 312–38.
Bailey, C.-J. N. (1974). Variation and linguistic theory. Washington Center for Applied Linguistics.
Brown, L. A. (1968). Diffusion processes and location: a conceptualframework and bibliography. Philadelphia: Regional Science Research Institute.
Brown, L. A. & Moore, E. G. (1971). Diffusion research: a perspective. In Board, C. et al. (eds) Progress in geography. London: Arnold.
Chen, M. & Hsieh, H.-I. (1971). The time variable in phonological change. JL 7, 113.
Christaller, W. (1950). Das Grundgerüst der räumlichen Ordnung in Europa: die Systeme der europäischen zentralen Orte. Frankfurter Geographische Hefte II.
Daan, J. (1971). Verschuiven van isoglossen. Taal en Tongval 23, 77–9.
De Camp, D. (1971). Toward a generative analysis of a post-creole speech continuum. In Hyrnes, D. H. (ed.) Pidginisation and creolisation of languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Duncan, O. D. (1957). Population distribution and community structure. Cold Harbor Springs Symposium in Quantitative Biology 22, 357–71.
Ewert, A. (1963). The French language. London: Faber.
Fretheim, T. (1970). Transformasjonell generativ grammatikk: en skisse. In Hanssen, E. (ed.) Studier i norsk sprákstruktur. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Hägerstrand, T. (1952). The propagation of innovation waves. Lund studies in geography, series B, human geography 4. Lund: Gleerup.
Hägerstrand, T. ( 1965a). A Monte Carlo approach to diffusion. Archives Europèennes de Sociologie 6, 4367.
Hägerstrand, T. (1965b). Quantitative techniques for analysis of the spread of information and technology. In Anderson, C. A. & Bowman, M. J. (ed) Education and economic development. Chicago: Aldine.
Hägerstrand, T. (1966). Aspects of the spatial structure of social communication and the diffusion of information. Papers of the Regional Science Association 16, 2742.
Hägerstrand, T. (1967a). On the Monte Carlo simulation of diffusion. In Garrison, W. L. & Marble, D. F. (eds) Quantitative geography, Pt I. Northwestern University: Department of Geography.
Hägerstrand, T.(1967b). Innovation diffusion as a spatial process. Chicago: University of Chicago.
Haggett, P. (1965). Locational analysis in human geography. London: Arnold.
Hildebrand, B. (1965). Das deutsche R. Linguistics 5.
Jernudd, B. (1968). Linguistic integration and national development: a case study of the Jebel Marra area, Sudan. In Fishman, J. A. et al. (eds) Language problems of developing nations. New York: Wiley.
Jernudd, B. (unpublished). Chorology and linguistics.
Jernudd, B. & Willingsson, T. (1968). A sociolectal study of the Stockholm region. Svenska Landsmāl och Svenskt Folkliv, 141–7.
Jernudd, B. & Willingsson, T. (unpublished). Chorology and linguistics.
Jørgensen, P. (1960). Zum Nordfriesischen r. In Brouwer, J. H. (ed.) Fryske Studzjes. Assen: Gorcum.
Karisson, C. (1958). Social mechanisms: studies in sociological theory. New York: Free Press.
Keller, R. E. (1961). German dialects: phonology and morphology. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Kurath, H. (1972). Studies in area linguistics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Labov, W. (1965). On the mechanism of linguistic change. In Kreidler, C. W. (ed.) Monograph Series on Languages and Linguistics. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University.
Labov, W. (1966). The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington: Center for Applied Linguistics.
Labov, W. (1972). Some principles of linguistic methodology. Lins I. 97120.
Labov, W. et al. (1972). A quantitative study of sound change in progress. Philadelphia: U.S. Regional Survey.
Martinet, A. (1969). Lefrancais sans fard. Paris: Presses Universitaires.
Moser, H. (1954). Sprachgrenzen und ihre Ursachen. ZfMF 22, 87111.
Moulton, W. G. (1952). Jacob Böhme's uvular r. J. Eng. Germ. Philology 51, 83–9.
Olsson, G. (1965). Distance and human interaction. Philadelphia: Regional Science Research Institute.
Orton, H. & Barry, M. V. (1969). Survey of English dialects. Vol. II: the West Midland counties. Leeds: Arnold.
Orton, H. & Barry, M. V. & Halliday, W. J. (1962). Survey of English dialects. Vol. I: the six northern counties and the Isle of Man. Leeds: Arnold.
Orton, H. & Barry, M. V. & Tilling, P. M. (1969). Survey of English dialects. Vol. III: the East Midland counties and East Anglia. Leeds: Arnold.
Orton, H. & Barry, M. V. & Wakelin, M. F. (1967). Survey of English dialects. Vol. IV: the Southern counties. Leeds: Arnold.
Panov, M. V. (ed.) (1968). Russkij jazyk i sovetskoe obscestvo (sociologolingvisticeskoe issledovanie) Vol. 4. Moscow.
Pickford, G. R. (1956). American linguistic geography: a sociological appraisal. Word 12, 211–33.
Popperwell, R. G. (1963). The pronunciation of Norwegian. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robinson, A. & Sale, R. (1969). Elements of cartography. New York: Wiley.
Schmidt, J. (1972). Die Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der indogermanischen Sprachen. Weimar.
Sjöstedt, C. G. (1936). Studier over r-ljuden i syd.skandinaviska mäl. Lund.
Skautrup, P. (1968). Det danske sprogs historie. Copenhagen: Gyldendal.
Steinsholt, A. (1964). Målbryting i Hedrum. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Steinsholt, A. (1972). Målbryting i Hedrum 30 år etter. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Trudgill, P. J. (1972). Sex, covert prestige and linguistic change in the urban British English of Norwich. LinS I. 179–95.
Trudgill, P. J. (1974) The social differentiation of English in Norwich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wagner, K. (1927). Deutsche Sprachlandschaften. DDG 23.
Wang, W. S.-Y. (1969). Competing changes as a cause of residue. Lg. 45. 925.
Wyld, H. C. (1956). A history of modern colloquial English. Oxford: Blackwell.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Language in Society
  • ISSN: 0047-4045
  • EISSN: 1469-8013
  • URL: /core/journals/language-in-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed