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Research agenda: Language learning beyond the classroom

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 September 2017

Hayo Reinders
Unitec, New
Phil Benson
Macquarie University,


Most language learning research is carried out either in classrooms or among classroom learners. As Richards (2015) points out, however, there are two dimensions to successful learning: what happens inside classrooms and what happens outside them. Rapid development of online media, communications technologies and opportunities for travel has also expanded the world beyond the classroom for language learners. Language learning and teaching beyond the classroom (LBC) is, thus, emerging as a field ripe for the development of new research agendas (Benson & Reinders 2011; Nunan & Richards 2015). We propose potentially fruitful avenues for research here under the headings of settings for learning, learning processes and teaching.

Thinking Allowed
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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