Buchstaller, Isabelle Krause, Anne Auer, Anja and Otte, Stefanie 2017. Levelling across the life-span?: Tracing thefacevowel in panel data from the North East of England. Journal of Sociolinguistics, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, p. 3.
DENIS, DEREK and TAGLIAMONTE, SALI A. 2017. The changing future: competition, specialization and reorganization in the contemporary English future temporal reference system. English Language and Linguistics, p. 1.
Auger, Julie and Villeneuve, Anne-José 2017. Using comparative sociolinguistics to inform European minority language policies: Evidence from contemporary Picard and regional French. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique, p. 1.
Buchstaller, Isabelle 2016. Investigating the Effect of Socio-Cognitive Salience and Speaker-Based Factors in Morpho-Syntactic Life-Span Change. Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 44, Issue. 3, p. 199.
Comeau, Philip 2016. An extension of the comparative sociolinguistics approach for sociosyntax. Linguistic Variation, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 183.
Roberts, Nicholas S. 2016. The future of Martinique French: The role of random effects on the variable expression of futurity. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique, Vol. 61, Issue. 03, p. 286.
Baxter, Gareth and Croft, William 2016. Modeling language change across the lifespan: Individual trajectories in community change. Language Variation and Change, Vol. 28, Issue. 02, p. 129.
Buchstaller, Isabelle 2015. Exploring linguistic malleability across the life span: Age-specific patterns in quotative use. Language in Society, Vol. 44, Issue. 04, p. 457.
Howard, Martin 2015. At the Interface between Sociolinguistic and Grammatical Development: The Expression of Futurity in L2 French. Arborescences: Revue d'études françaises, Issue. 5, p. 97.
Sankoff, Gillian 2015. The speech community as a social fact. Asia-Pacific Language Variation, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 23.
COMEAU, PHILIP 2015. Vestiges from the grammaticalization path: The expression of future temporal reference in Acadian French. Journal of French Language Studies, Vol. 25, Issue. 03, p. 339.
Baker-Smemoe, Wendy and Bowie, David 2015. Linguistic behavior and religious activity. Language & Communication, Vol. 42, p. 116.
Ravindranath, Maya 2015. Sociolinguistic Variation and Language Contact. Language and Linguistics Compass, Vol. 9, Issue. 6, p. 243.
Kataoka, Kuniyoshi and Asahi, Yoshiyuki 2015. Synchronic and diachronic variation in the use of spatial frames of reference: An analysis of Japanese route instruction. Journal of Sociolinguistics, Vol. 19, Issue. 2, p. 133.
Bowie, David 2014. Age: Methods and Metadata. Language and Linguistics Compass, Vol. 8, Issue. 11, p. 519.
SECOVA, MARIA 2014. ‘Je sais et tout mais . . .’ might the general extenders in European French be changing?. Journal of French Language Studies, Vol. 24, Issue. 02, p. 281.
Zellou, Georgia and Tamminga, Meredith 2014. Nasal coarticulation changes over time in Philadelphia English. Journal of Phonetics, Vol. 47, p. 18.
Hesson, Ashley 2014. Medically speaking: Mandative adjective extraposition in physician speech. Journal of Sociolinguistics, Vol. 18, Issue. 3, p. 289.
TAGLIAMONTE, SALI A. DURHAM, MERCEDES and SMITH, JENNIFER 2014. Grammaticalization at an early stage: future be going to in conservative British dialects. English Language and Linguistics, Vol. 18, Issue. 01, p. 75.
Blondeau, Hélène Dion, Nathalie and Michel, Zoe Ziliak 2014. Future temporal reference in the bilingual repertoire of Anglo-Montrealers: A twin variable. International Journal of Bilingualism, Vol. 18, Issue. 6, p. 674.
The rise of the periphrastic future (PF) at the expense of the inflected future (IF) is an established historical trend in Québécois French over at least the past 150 years. Previous research has also found higher rates of PF among younger speakers, many displaying categorical use in affirmative contexts. Because an apparent time interpretation of the synchronic data fits the historical record, we expected concomitant speaker stability across the lifespan. On the contrary, our panel study of 60 Montréal speakers (1971–1984) reveals age grading in a retrograde direction. As they aged, two-thirds of the speakers we studied increased their frequency of IF, an effect heightened for members of higher socioprofessional groups. Though not sufficiently robust to stem the historical tide, increased IF use by older speakers may retard the change somewhat, providing continuing IF input to child L1 acquisition. Rather than vitiating an apparent time interpretation, these results indicate that the rate of change may be slightly overestimated if age grading acts in a retrograde direction.
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