Anttila, Raimo. (1989). Historical and comparative linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Avis, Walter S. (1956). Speech differences along the Ontario-United States border. III. Pronunciation. Journal of the Canadian Linguistic Association 2(2):41–59.
Avis, Walter S. (1973). The English language in Canada. In Sebeok, T. A. (ed.), Current trends in linguistics, Vol. 10: Linguistics in North America. The Hague: Mouton. 40–74.
Baugh, Albert C. (1935). A history of the English language. New York: D. Appleton-Century Company Incorporated.
Boberg, Charles. (1997). Variation and change in the nativization of foreign (a) in English. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Boberg, Charles. (1999). The attitudinal component of variation in American English foreign (a) nativization. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 18(1):49–61.
Boberg, Charles. (2000). Geolinguistic diffusion and the U.S.-Canada border. Language Variation and Change 12:1–24.
Boberg, Charles. (2005). The Canadian Shift in Montreal. Language Variation and Change 17(2):133–154.
Boberg, Charles. (2008). Regional phonetic differentiation in Standard Canadian English. Journal of English Linguistics 36(2):129–154.
Chambers, J. K. (2006). The development of Canadian English. In Bolton, K. & Kachru, B. B. (eds.), World Englishes: Critical concepts in linguistics. London: Routledge. 383–395.
Clarke, Sandra, Elms, Ford, & Youssef, Amani. (1995). The third dialect of English: Some Canadian evidence. Language Variation and Change 7:209–228.
Esling, John H., & Warkentyne, Henry J. (1993). Retracting of /æ/ in Vancouver English. In Clarke, S. (ed.), Focus on Canadian English. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 229–246.
Gramley, Stephan, & Pätzold, Kurt-Michael. (1992). A survey of Modern English. London: Routledge.
Gregg, Robert J. (1957). Notes on the pronunciation of Canadian English as spoken in Vancouver, B.C. Journal of the Canadian Linguistic Association 3(1):20–26.
Gregg, Robert J. (2004). The survey of Vancouver English, 1976–1984: Methdology, planning, implementation and analysis. In De Wolf, G. Dodds, Fee, M., & McAlpine, J. (eds.), The survey of Vancouver English: A sociolinguistic study of Urban Canadian English. Kingston, Ontario: Strathy Language Unit. 1–138.
Hock, Hans Henrich. (1986). Principles of historical linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Kenyon, John Samuel, & Knott, Thomas Albert. (1944). A pronouncing dictionary of American English. Springfield, MA: G. & C. Merriam Company Publishers.
Krapp, George Philip. (1919). The pronunciation of Standard English in America. New York: Oxford University Press.
Labov, William, Ash, Sharon, & Boberg, Charles. (2006). The atlas of North American English: Phonetics, phonology and sound change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Labov, William, Yaeger, Malcah, & Steiner, Richard. (1972). A quantitative study of sound change in progress. Philadelphia: US Regional Survey.
Lindsey, Geoff. (1990). Quantity and quality in British and American vowel systems. In Ramsaran, S. (ed.), Studies in the pronunciation of English. London: Routledge. 106–118.
McCrum, Robert, Cran, William, & MacNeil, Robert. (1986). The story of English. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books.
Mencken, Henry Louis. (1937). The American language, 4th ed.New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Nearey, Terrance Michael. (1978). Phonetic feature systems for vowels. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.
Scargill, Matthew H., & Warkentyne, Henry J. (1972). The survey of Canadian English: A report. English Quarterly 5:47–104.
Shapiro, Michael. (1997). Broad and flat A in marked words. American Speech 72(4):437–439.
Thomas, Charles Kenneth. (1958). An introduction to the phonetics of American English, 2nd ed.New York: The Ronald Press Company.
Thomason, Sarah Grey, & Kaufman, Terrence. (1988). Language contact, creolization, and genetic linguistics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Trudgill, Peter, & Hannah, Jean. (1985). International English: A Guide to Standard Varieties of English. 2nd ed.London: Edward Arnold.
Trager, George L., & Smith, Henry Lee Jr.. (1951). An outline of English structure. Norman, OK.: Battenburg Press.
Van Coetsem, Frans. (1988). Loan phonology and the two transfer types in language contact. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Foris Publications.
Wells, J. C. (1982). Accents of English 1: An introduction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Woods, Howard B. (1999). The Ottawa survey of Canadian English. Kingston, Ontario: Strathy Language Unit, Queen's University.