Baayen R. Harald, Douglas Davidson, & Bates Douglas. (2008). Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items. Journal of Memory and Language
Babel Molly. (2012). Evidence for phonetic and social selectivity in spontaneous phonetic imitation. Journal of Phonetics
Barr Dale, Levy Roger, Scheepers Christoph, & Tily Harry. (2013). Random effects structure for confirmatory hypothesis testing: Keep it maximal. Journal of Memory and Language
Bates Douglas, Machler Martin, Bolker Ben, & Walker S. (2015). Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4
. Journal of Statistical Software
Bock Kathryn. (1986). Syntactic persistence in language production. Cognitive Psychology
Bock Kathryn, & Loebell Helga. (1990). Framing sentences. Cognition
Branigan Holly, Pickering Martin, Liversedge Simon, Stewart Andrew, & Urbach Thomas. (1995). Syntactic priming: Investigating the mental representation of language. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Brouwer Susanne, Mitterer Holger, & Huettig Falk. (2010). Shadowing reduced speech and alignment. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Brysbaert Marc, & New Boris. (2009). Moving beyond Kučera and Francis: A critical evaluation of current word frequency norms and the introduction of a new and improved word frequency measure for American English. Behavioral Research Methods
Bybee Joan. (2002). Word frequency and context of use in the lexical diffusion of phonetically conditioned sound change. Language Variation and Change
Cameron Richard. (1992). Pronominal and null subject variation in Spanish: Constraints, dialects, and functional compensation. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Cameron Richard. (1993). Ambiguous agreement, functional compensation, and non-specific tú in the Spanish of San Juan, Puerto Rico, and Madrid, Spain. Language Variation and Change
Cameron Richard, & Flores-Ferrán Nydia. (2004). Perseveration of subject expression across regional dialects of Spanish. Spanish in Context
Campbell-Kibler Kathryn. (2011). The sociolinguistic variant as a carrier of social meaning. Language Variation and Change
Chartrand Tanya, & Bargh John. (1999). The chameleon effect: The perception–behavior link and social interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Clark Lynn. (2014). Phonological repetition effects in natural conversation: Evidence from TH-fronting in Fife. In Lawson R. (ed.), Sociolinguistics in Scotland. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 153–176.
de Omena Nelize Pires. (1978). Pronome pessoal de terceira pessoa: Suas formas variantes em função acusativa. Master's thesis, Pontifíca Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro.
Dell Gary. (1986). A spreading-activation theory of retrieval in sentence production. Psychological Review
Deutsch Avital, Frost Ram, & Forster Kenneth. (1998). Verbs and nouns are organized differently in the mental lexicon: Evidence from Hebrew. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition
Dinkin A. (in press). Variant-centered variation and the like conspiracy. Linguistic Variation.
Ecay Aaron, & Tamminga Meredith. (in press). Persistence as a diagnostic of grammatical status: The case of Middle English negation. In Mathieu E. & Truswell R. (eds.), From micro-change to macro-change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Eisikovits Edina. (1987). Variation in the lexical verb in inner-Sydney English. Australian Journal of Linguistics
Estival Dominique. (1985). Syntactic priming of the passive in English. Text
Ferreira Victor. (2003). The persistence of optional complementizer production: Why saying “that” is not saying “that” at all. Journal of Memory and Language
Fischer John. (1958). Social influence of a linguistic variant. Word
Forrest Jon. (2015). Community rules and speaker behavior: Individual adherence to group constraints on (ING). Language Variation and Change
Foulkes Paul, & Docherty Gary. (2006). The social life of phonetics and phonology. Journal of Phonetics
Fruehwald Josef. (2012). Redevelopment of a morphological class. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics
Garrod Simon, & Pickering Martin. (2004). Why is conversation so easy?
Trends in Cognitive Science
Garrod Simon, & Pickering Martin. (2009). Joint action, interactive alignment, and dialog. Topics in Cognitive Science
Giles Howard. (1973). Accent mobility: A model and some data. Anthropological Linguistics
Giles Howard. (1980). Accommodation theory: Some new directions. York Papers in Linguistics
Goldinger Stephen. (1998). Echoes of echoes? An episodic theory of lexical access. Psychological Review
Gries S. T. (2005). Syntactic priming: A corpus-based approach. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Griffin Zenzi, & Weinstein-Tull Justin. (2003). Conceptual structure modulates structural priming in the production of complex sentences. Journal of Memory and Language
Guy Gregory. (1980). Variation in the group and the individual: The case of final stop deletion. In Labov W. (ed.), Locating language in time and space. New York: Academic Press. 1–36.
Guy Gregory. (1991). Explanation in variable phonology: An exponential model of morphological constraints. Language Variation and Change
Guy Gregory. (2007). Lexical exceptions in variable phonology. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics
Guy Gregory, & Boyd Sally. (1990). The development of a morphological class. Language Variation and Change
Haddican Bill, & Johnson Daniel Ezra. (in press). Constant effects and the independence of variants in controlled judgment data. Linguistic Variation.
Hazen Kirk. (2008). (ING): A vernacular baseline for English in Appalachia. American Speech
Houston Ann. (1985).
Continuity and change in English morphology: The variable (ING)
. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Johnson Keith. (2006). Resonance in an exemplar-based lexicon: The emergence of social identity and phonology. Journal of Phonetics
Labov William. (1984). Field methods of the Project on Linguistic Change and Variation. In Baugh J. & Scherzer J. (eds.), Language in use. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall. 28–53.
Labov William. (1989). The child as linguistic historian. Language Variation and Change
Labov William. (2001). Principles of linguistic change. Vol. 2: Social factors.
Labov William, Cohen Paul, Robins Clarence, & Lewis John. (1968). A study of the non-standard English of Negro and Puerto Rican speakers in New York City. Final report, Cooperative Research Project 3288, vols. 1 and 2. Washington, DC: Office of Education Bureau of Research.
Labov William, & Rosenfelder Ingrid. (2011). The Philadelphia Neighborhood Corpus of LING 560 studies, 1972–2010. With support of NSF contract 921643. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Marslen-Wilson William, Tyler Lorraine, Waksler Rachelle, & Older Lianne. (1994). Morphology and meaning in the English mental lexicon. Psychological Review
Mayol Laia. (2012). An account of the variation in the rates of overt subject pronouns in Romance. Spanish in Context
Neu Helene. (1980). Ranking of constraints on /t,d/ deletion in American English: A statistical analysis. In Labov W. (ed.), Locating language in time and space. New York: Academic Press. 37–54.
Patrick Peter. (1991). Creoles at the intersection of variable processes: (td)-deletion and past-marking in the Jamaican mesolect. Language Variation and Change
Pickering Martin, & Branigan Holly. (1998). The representation of verbs: Evidence from syntactic priming in language production. Journal of Memory and Language
Pickering Martin & Ferreira Victor. (2008). Structural priming: A critical review. Psycholinguistic Bulletin
Pierrehumbert Janet. (2002). Word-specific phonetics. In Gussenhoven C. & Warner N. (eds.), Laboratory Phonology 7. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 101–139.
Pierrehumbert Janet. (2006). The new toolkit. Journal of Phonetics
Pitt Mark, Dilley Laura, Johnson Keith, Kiesling Scott, Raymond William, Hume Elizabeth, & Fosler-Lussier Eric. (2007). Buckeye Corpus of Conversational Speech. 2nd release. Columbus: Department of Psychology, Ohio State University.
Poplack Shana. (1980). Deletion and disambiguation in Puerto Rican Spanish. Language
Poplack Shana. (1984). Variable concord and sentential plural marking in Puerto Rican Spanish. Hispanic Review
Poplack Shana, & Tagliamonte Sali. (1989). There's no tense like the present: Verbal -s inflection in early Black English. Language Variation and Change
R Core Team. (2015). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
Roelofs Ardi. (1992). A spreading-activation theory of lemma retrieval in speaking. Cognition
Rosenfelder Ingrid, Fruehwald Josef, Evanini Keelan, & Yuan Jiahong. (2011). FAVE program suite [forced alignment and vowel extraction]. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Sankoff David, & Laberge Suzanne. (1978). Statistical dependence among successive occurrences of a variable in discourse. In Sankoff D. (ed.), Linguistic variation: Models and methods. New York: Academic Press. 119–126.
Santa Ana Otto. (1991).
Phonetic simplification processes in the English of the barrio: A cross-generational sociolinguistic study of the Chicanos of Los Angeles
. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Scherre Maria Marta Pereira. (2001). Phrase-level parallelism effect on noun phrase number agreement. Language Variation and Change
Scherre Maria Marta Pereira, & Naro Anthony. (1991). Marking in discourse: “Birds of a feather.”
Language Variation and Change
Scherre Maria Marta Pereira, & Naro Anthony. (1992). The serial effect on internal and external variables. Language Variation and Change
Shockley Kevin, Sabadini Laura, & Fowler Carol. (2004). Imitation in shadowing words. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics
Sumner Meghan, & Samuel Arthur. (2005). Perception and representation of regular variation: The case of final /t/. Journal of Memory and Language
Szmrecsanyi Benedikt. (2005). Language users as creatures of habit: A corpus-linguistic analysis of persistence in spoken English. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory
Szmrecsanyi Benedikt. (2006). Morphosyntactic persistence in spoken English: A corpus study at the intersection of variationist sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, and discourse analysis. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Tagliamonte Sali. (2004). Someth[in]’s go[ing] on!: Variable ing at ground zero. In Gunnarson B.-L, Bergström L., Eklund G., Fidell S., Hansen L. H., Karstadt A., Nordberg B., Sundergren E., & Thelander M. (eds.), Language variation in Europe: Papers from the Second International Conference on Language Variation in Europe, ICLAVE 2. Uppsala: Department of Scandinavian Languages, Uppsala University. 390–403.
Tagliamonte Sali. (2006). Analysing sociolinguistic variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tamminga Meredith. (2014).
Persistence in the production of linguistic variation
. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Travis Catherine. (2007). Genre effects on subject expression in Spanish: Priming in narrative and conversation. Language Variation and Change
VanWagenen Sarah. (2005). The morphologically organized mental lexicon: Further experimental evidence. Master's thesis, University of California–Los Angeles.
Weiner Judith, & Labov William. (1983). Constraints on the agentless passive. Journal of Linguistics