Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 39
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Roach, Steven C 2016. Why moral commitments matter: mapping the ethics and politics of responsible and accountable global governance. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 29, Issue. 1, p. 309.

    Zimenkova, Tatjana 2016. Childhood and Nation.

    Schaffer, Johan Karlsson 2015. The co-originality of human rights and democracy in an international order. International Theory, Vol. 7, Issue. 01, p. 96.

    Schneider, Anselm and Scherer, Andreas Georg 2015. Corporate Governance in a Risk Society. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 126, Issue. 2, p. 309.

    Thompson, Grahame 2015. Review Essay: Socializing the Constitution?. Economy and Society, Vol. 44, Issue. 3, p. 480.

    Hidle, Knut and Leknes, Einar 2014. Policy Strategies for New Regionalism: Different Spatial Logics for Cultural and Business Policies in Norwegian City Regions. European Planning Studies, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 126.

    SCHEUERMAN, WILLIAM E. 2014. Cosmopolitanism and the world state. Review of International Studies, Vol. 40, Issue. 03, p. 419.

    Lencucha, Raphael 2013. Cosmopolitanism and foreign policy for health: ethics for and beyond the state. BMC International Health and Human Rights, Vol. 13, Issue. 1,

    Garbett, Claire 2012. The concept of the civilian: legal recognition, adjudication and the trials of international criminal justice. International Journal of Law in Context, Vol. 8, Issue. 04, p. 469.

    KARLSSON SCHAFFER, JOHAN 2012. The boundaries of transnational democracy: alternatives to the all-affected principle. Review of International Studies, Vol. 38, Issue. 02, p. 321.

    Rakić, Vojin 2012. The Moral Identity of Europe: From Warfare and Civil Strife to “In Varietate Concordia”. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue internationale de Sémiotique juridique, Vol. 25, Issue. 2, p. 249.

    Walsh, Caroline 2012. Taking Account of Violations: Rethinking Equality and Human Rights. Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 11, Issue. 2, p. 227.

    Erman, Eva 2011. Human rights do not make global democracy. Contemporary Political Theory, Vol. 10, Issue. 4, p. 463.

    Benjamin, Dave O. 2010. Rethinking Nonintervention. Public Integrity, Vol. 12, Issue. 3, p. 201.

    Erman, Eva 2010. Legitimacy Beyond the State?.

    Held, David 2010. Cosmopolitanism after 9/11. International Politics, Vol. 47, Issue. 1, p. 52.

    Levy, Daniel 2010. Recursive cosmopolitization: Argentina and the global Human Rights Regime. The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 61, Issue. 3, p. 579.

    Midttun, Atle and Midttun, Atle 2010. Montesquieu for the twenty‐first century: factoring civil society and business into global governance. Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 97.

    Midttun, Atle Martinelli, Alberto and Midttun, Atle 2010. Globalization and governance for sustainability. Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 6.

    Lawson, George and Shilliam, Robbie 2009. Beyond hypocrisy? Debating the ‘fact’ and ‘value’ of sovereignty in contemporary world politics. International Politics, Vol. 46, Issue. S6, p. 657.


LAW OF STATES, LAW OF PEOPLES:: Three Models of Sovereignty

  • David Held (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2002

There are those who believe that the rules governing the international political system are changing fundamentally; a new universal constitutional order is in the making, with profound implications for the constituent units, competencies, structure, and standing of the international legal order (cf. Cassese 1986, 1991; Weller 1997). On the other side, there are those who are profoundly skeptical of any such transformation; they hold that states remain the leading source of all international rules—the limiting factor that ensures that international relations are shaped, and remain anchored to, the politics of the sovereign state (cf. Smith 1987; Holsti 1988; Buzan, Little, and Jones 1993). “In all times,” as Hobbes put it, political powers are “in continual jealousies, and in the state and postures of Gladiators” (1968, 187–8). Despite new legal initiatives, such as the human rights regime, “power politics” remain the bedrock of international relations; plus ça change, plus c’est la mêmechose.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Legal Theory
  • ISSN: 1352-3252
  • EISSN: 1469-8048
  • URL: /core/journals/legal-theory
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *