Skip to main content

Cyrene's Thea figure discovered in the Necropolis

  • Joyce Reynolds (a1) and James Copland Thorn (a2)

A small limestone half-figure from Alan Rowe's 1957 excavations in Cyrene was recently found to have the word ΘEA lightly inscribed on the polos. The authors describe the sarcophagi with which this figure may have been associated, together with the burial artifacts found within them. It is rare to find ΘEA used in this way, although two examples from Eleusis provide useful parallels. One is a votive plaque, the other a large relief, and each portrays the Eleusinian deities whose iconography is discussed here and compared with that of the Cyrene ΘEA example and also other uninscribed Cyrene half-figures.

Hide All

Agora 4 = Howland, R. H. 1958. Greek Lamps and their Survivals.

Agora 12 = Sparkes, B. A. and Talcott, L. 1970. Black and Plain Pottery.

Agora 23 = Moore, M. B. and Philippides, M. S. P. 1986. Attic Black-Figured Pottery.

Barr, F. T. and Berggren, W. A. 1980. Lower Tertiary Bio stratigraphy and Tectonics of Northeastern Libya. In Salem, M.J. and Busrewil, M.T. (eds.) The Geology of Libya 1. Papers of the Second Symposium on the Geology of Libya, held in Tripoli September 16th–21st 1978, London: 163192, Pls 1–6, Figs 1–15.
Barth, W. 1908. Das Athener Nationalmuseum I–II, Athens.
Beazley, J. D. 1956. Attic Black Figure Vase-painters. Oxford.
Beschi, L. 19691970. Divinità Funerarie Cirenaiche. Annuario della Scuola archeologica di Atene e delle Missioni italiane in Oriente 47–48: 133341, Figs 1–120.
Beschi, L. 1996. Sculpture in Greek Cyrenaica. In Caratelli, G. P. (ed.), The Western Greeks. London: 437442.
Burton-Brown, T. 1948. Hellenistic Burials in Cyrenaica. journal of Hellenic Studies 48: 148152. Figs 1–2.
Corinth 13. Biegen, C. W., Palmer, H. and Young, R. S. 1964. The North Cemetery. American School of Classical Studies at Athens. Princeton.
Daux, G. 1963. Chronique des Fouilles en 1962. Bulletin de Correspondence Hélknique 87: 689878, Pls XV–XX.
Elrashedy, F. 2002. Imports of Post-Archaic Greek Pottery into Cyrenaica. British Archaeoloogical Reports International Series 1022.
Filges, A. and Matern, P. 1996. Eine Opfergrube der Demeter in Neandria. In Schwertheim, E. and Wiegartz, H. (eds.), Neue Forschungen zu Neandria und Alexandria Troas. Asia Minor Studien, 22: 4386, Abb. 1–10, Taf. 3–7. Bonn.
Guarducci, M. 1967. Epigrafia Greca I-III. Roma.
Heberdy, R. 1898. Das Weihrelief des Lakrateides aus Eleusis. Festschrift Benndorf. Vienna.
IG II2 = Inscriptionesgraecae. Berlin, 1913-
Kerényi, C. 1967. Eleusis: archetypal image of mother and daughter. Princeton.
Κοτζιας, N. 1937. Ό παρά τό άεροδρόμιον τῆ'ς Θεσσαλονίκης (Σέδες) Γ'. ταϕος. Archaiologiki Ephimeris. 865895, Figs 1–29.
Κουρουνιώτης, N. and Τρανλου, I. 19331935. Τελεστήριον καὶ ναός Δήμητρος. Arch. Deltion 15: 54114.
Marinatos, N. and Hägg, R. 1993 Greek Sanctuaries. London.
Mylonas, G.E. 1961. Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries. Princeton.
Pemberton, E. G. 1989. The Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore—The Greek Pottery. Corinth. Princeton: 18–1.
Φιλιος, Δ. 1886. Ἐλευσινιακὰ 'ανάγλυϕα. Archaiohgiki Ephimerir: 1932, Pl. 3, 1–2.
Robinson, D. M. 1941. Metal and Miscellaneous Finds. Olynthus 10. Baltimore.
Robinson, D. M. 1946. Excavations at Olynthus. Olynthus 11. Baltimore.
Robinson, D. M. 1950. Vases found in 1934 and 1938. Olynthus 13. Baltimore.
Σνορονοῦ, I. N. 1901. Ἐρμηνεῖα τῶν μνημέιων του Ἐλευσίνιακου μύστικου κύκλου and Ἐρμηνεια τοῦ έξ Ἐλεύσινος πίνακος. Journal International dArchaeologie Numismatique 4, 487 ff.
Rowe, A. 1958. Persephone with Red Hair. Expedition's discoveries among the sarcophagi of Cyrene. Manchester Guardian (Monday 01 6 1958).
Rowe, A. 1959. Cyrenaican Expeditions of the University of Manchester 1955, 1956, 1957. Manchester University Press.
Thorn, J. C. 1993. Reconstructing Alan Rowe's Excavations. Libyan Studies 24: 5776.
Thorn, J. C. 1994. Reconstructing the discoveries of Alan Rowe at Cyrene. Libyan Studies 25: 101118.
Thorn, J. C. 2005. The Necropolis of Cyrene: Two Hundred Years of Exploration. Monografie di Archeologia Libica, XXVI. Rome.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Libyan Studies
  • ISSN: 0263-7189
  • EISSN: 2052-6148
  • URL: /core/journals/libyan-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed