Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-p2v8j Total loading time: 0.001 Render date: 2024-05-27T23:20:28.483Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Graph models of $\lambda$-calculus at work, and variations

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 May 2006

Preuves Programmes Systèmes, CNRS – Université Paris 7 – Case 7014, 2 place Jussieu, 72251 Paris Cedex 05, FRANCE


This paper surveys what we have learned during the last ten years about the lattice $\lambda \mathcal{T}$ of all $\lambda$-theories (= equational extensions of untyped $\lambda$-calculus), via the sets $\lambda \mathcal{C}$ consisting of the $\lambda$-theories that are representable in a uniform class $\mathcal{C}$ of $\lambda$-models. This includes positive answers to several questions raised in Berline (2000), as well as several independent results, the state of the art on the long-standing open questions concerning the representability of $\lambda _{\beta},\lambda _{\beta\eta}$, $H$ as theories of models, and 22 open problems.

We will focus on the class $\mathcal{G}$ of graph models, since almost all the existing semantic proofs on $\lambda \mathcal{T}$ have been, or could be, more easily, obtained via graph models, or slight variations of them. But in this paper we will also give some evidence that, for all uniform classes $\mathcal{C},\mathcal{C}^{\prime}$ of proper $\lambda$-models living in functional semantics, $\lambda \mathcal{C}-\lambda \mathcal{C}^{\prime}$ should have cardinality $2^{\omega }$, provided $ \mathcal{C}$ is not included in $\mathcal{C}^{\prime}.$

2006 Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)