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Take a deep breath and digest the material: organoids and biomaterials of the respiratory and digestive systems

  • Briana R. Dye (a1), Tadas Kasputis (a1), Jason R. Spence (a2) (a3) (a4) and Lonnie D. Shea (a1)

Human organoid models recapitulate many aspects of the complex composition and function of native organs. One of the main challenges in developing these models is the growth and maintenance of three-dimensional tissue structures and proper cellular organization that enable function. Biomaterials play an important role by providing a defined and tunable three-dimensional environment that is required for complex cellular organization and organoid growth in vitro or in vivo. This review summarizes organoids of the respiratory and digestive system, and the use of biomaterials to improve upon these model systems.

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