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The tribal partners of empire in Arabia: the Ottomans and the Rashidis of Najd, 1880–1918

  • M. Talha Çiçek (a1)

This article is about an aspect of the Ottoman-Rashidi partnership in the late Ottoman Empire that deeply influenced the order of things in Arabia and resulted in both the Ottomans and the Rashidis becoming more significant actors in regional politics. The main argument is that this partnership made a great contribution to the visibly increasing Ottoman influence in Najd (i.e., central Arabia) and the Persian Gulf in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. At the same time, the Rashidi family’s alliance with the Ottoman Empire paved the way for their emergence as a regional power. Since scholarship on the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century history of Najd and the Arab lands has tended to neglect the importance of this collaboration, the article sets out to analyze it from its inception until its end, drawing on documents from Ottoman, British, German, and Austrian archives.

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Author’s Note: The author is greatly indebted to the three reviewers of New Perspectives on Turkey for their constructive comments and criticisms, and to Michael D. Sheridan for his careful editing. He is also very grateful to the British Academy and the Royal Society for their generous support within the Newton Fellowship scheme, to the editors of New Perspectives on Turkey, and to Selen Erdoğan and Cemre Baytok for their help during the publication of this article.

This study is supported by Istanbul Medeniyet University's Scientific Research Commission

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Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives
(Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi , BOA, İstanbul)
A.MKT.MHM (Sadaret Evrak-ı Mektubi Kalemi Mühimme Odası)
BEO (Bâb-ı Âlî Evrak Odası)
DH.İ.UM (Dahiliye Nezareti İdare-i Umumiye)
DH.MKT (Dahiliye Nezareti Mektubi Kalemi)
DH.ŞFR. (Dahiliye Nezareti Şifre Kalemi)
DH.TMIK-M (Dahiliye Nezareti Tesri-i Muamelat ve Islahat Komisyonu Müteferrik)
İD (İrada Dahiliye).
MV (Meclis-i Vükela Mazbatları).
ŞD (Şura-yı Devlet Maruzatı)
Y.A.HUS (Yıldız Sadaret Hususi Maruzat Evrakı)
Y.EE. (Yıldız Esas Evrakı)
Y.MTV (Yıldız Mütenevvi Maruzat Evrakı)
Y.PRK.ASK (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Askeri Maruzat)
Y.PRK.AZJ (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Arzuhal ve Jurnaller)
Y.PRK.BŞK (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Mabeyn Başkitabeti)
Y.PRK.MŞ (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Meşahat Dairesi Maruzatı)
Y.PRK.SRN (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Serkurenalık Maruzatı)
Y.PRK.UM (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Umumi)
Y.PRK.TKM (Yıldız Perakende Evrakı Tahrirat-ı Ecnebiye ve Mabeyn Mütercimliği)
Turkish Historical Society Archives
(Türk Tarih Kurumu Arşivi , TTK, Ankara)
Kazım Orbay Koleksiyonu
Centre des Archives diplomatique de Nantes (CADN)
The National Archives (Kew, London)
FO 195
FO 78
FO 371
Archives of the Turkish General Chief of Staff
(Genelkurmay Askerî Tarih ve Stratejik Etüt Arşivi , ATASE)
Klasör 6
Klasör 3215
Politisches Archiv, Auswaertiges Amt (PA-AA, Berlin)
Türkei 165, Bd. 37
Türkei 165, Bd. 42
Haus-, Hof-, und Staatsarchiv (HHStA, Vienna)
PA 38/366
PA 38/369
PA 38/371
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New Perspectives on Turkey
  • ISSN: 0896-6346
  • EISSN: 1305-3299
  • URL: /core/journals/new-perspectives-on-turkey
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