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The tribal partners of empire in Arabia: the Ottomans and the Rashidis of Najd, 1880–1918

  • M. Talha Çiçek (a1)

This article is about an aspect of the Ottoman-Rashidi partnership in the late Ottoman Empire that deeply influenced the order of things in Arabia and resulted in both the Ottomans and the Rashidis becoming more significant actors in regional politics. The main argument is that this partnership made a great contribution to the visibly increasing Ottoman influence in Najd (i.e., central Arabia) and the Persian Gulf in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. At the same time, the Rashidi family’s alliance with the Ottoman Empire paved the way for their emergence as a regional power. Since scholarship on the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century history of Najd and the Arab lands has tended to neglect the importance of this collaboration, the article sets out to analyze it from its inception until its end, drawing on documents from Ottoman, British, German, and Austrian archives.

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Author’s Note: The author is greatly indebted to the three reviewers of New Perspectives on Turkey for their constructive comments and criticisms, and to Michael D. Sheridan for his careful editing. He is also very grateful to the British Academy and the Royal Society for their generous support within the Newton Fellowship scheme, to the editors of New Perspectives on Turkey, and to Selen Erdoğan and Cemre Baytok for their help during the publication of this article.

This study is supported by Istanbul Medeniyet University's Scientific Research Commission

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Thomas Kühn . Empire, Islam, and Politics of Difference. Leiden: Brill, 2011.

Madawi Rasheed . al-. “Durable and Non-Durable Dynasties: The Rashidis and Sa’udis in Central Arabia.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 19, no. 2 (1992): 144158.

Martin Strohmeier . “Fakhri (Fahrettin) Pasha and the End of Ottoman Rule in Medina (1916–1919).” Turkish Historical Review 4, no. 2 (2013): 192223.

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New Perspectives on Turkey
  • ISSN: 0896-6346
  • EISSN: 1305-3299
  • URL: /core/journals/new-perspectives-on-turkey
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