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Papyrus 32 (Titus) as a Multi-text Codex: A New Reconstruction*

  • Emily Gathergood (a1)

Following the recent emphasis on studying early Christian manuscripts as historical artefacts, whose text and meta-textual aspects comprise important embodiments of reception and interpretation, this article re-examines the early Titus fragment 𝔓32 (P.Ryl. Gr. 1.5) with respect to its physical situation within the manuscript. I expand the scope of current reconstructions to consider in detail the lost beginning of the epistle, and argue that Titus was not the first document in the codex: at least one other preceded. Although the identity of the accompanying material cannot be deduced codicologically, patristic evidence suggests that Titus was normally transmitted in a collection of thirteen or fourteen Pauline epistles when the 𝔓32 codex was produced, rendering these the prime candidates.

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Thanks to Elizabeth Gow, Manuscript Curator at the John Rylands Library, for arranging access to 𝔓32 and related archival records. Thanks also to the Arts and Humanities Research Council for funding the research, and to J. K. Elliott, P. M. Head, R. H. Bell, R. Deines and the Informal Biblical Seminar at the University of Nottingham for responding to working drafts of this article.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

K. Aland , Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments (Zweite, neubearbeitete und ergänzte Auflage, in Verbindung mit M. Welte, B. Köster und K. Junack; ANTF 1; Berlin: de Gruyter, 1994)

E. Dobschütz , ‘Zur Liste der Neutestamentlichen Handschriften’, ZNW 23 (1924) 251

K. Aland , ‘Zur Liste der Neutestamentlichen Handschriften VI’, ZNW 48 (1957) 153

M. Gronewald , ‘Unbekanntes Evangelium oder Evangelienharmonie (Fragment aus dem “Evangelium Egerton”)’, Kölner Papyri (P.Köln) VI (Cologne: Westdeutscher, 1987) 136-45

B. L. White , ‘How to Read a Book: Irenaeus and the Pastoral Epistles Reconsidered’, Vigiliae Christianae 65 (2011) 125-49

David Trobisch (Die Entstehung der Paulusbriefsammlung: Studien zu den Anfängen der christlichen Publizistik [NTOA 10; Freiburg: Universitätsverlag, 1989]

K. Berding , Polycarp and Paul: An Analysis of their Literary and Theological Relationship in Light of Polycarp's Use of Biblical and Extra-Biblical Literature (VCSup 62; Leiden: Brill, 2002) 142-55

A. Merz , Die fiktive Selbstauslegung des Paulus: intertextuelle Studien zur Intention und Rezeption der Pastoralbriefe (NTOA 52; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2004) 114-40

J. M. Lieu , ‘“As much my apostle as Christ is mine”: The Dispute over Paul between Tertullian and Marcion’, Early Christianity 1 (2010) 41-59

U. Schmid , Marcion und sein Apostolos: Rekonstruktion und historische Einordnung der marcionitischen Paulusbriefausgabe (ANTF 25; Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1995)

D. T. Roth , ‘Marcion's Gospel: Relevance, Contested Issues, Reconstruction’, Expository Times 121 (2010) 287-94

B. M. Metzger , ‘Recently Published Papyri of the NT’, Biblical Archaeologist 10.2 (1947) 25-44

D. Trobisch , Die Entstehung der Paulusbriefsammlung: Studien zu den Anfängen der christlichen Publizistik (NTOA 10; Freiburg: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1989) 26, 138–40

E. W. Scherbenske , Canonizing Paul: Ancient Editorial Practice and the Corpus Paulinum (New York: Oxford University, 2013)

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New Testament Studies
  • ISSN: 0028-6885
  • EISSN: 1469-8145
  • URL: /core/journals/new-testament-studies
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