Notes and References
1. ‘Prompter’, ‘Devonshire Cream Tea’, The Western Independent, 31 May 1936.
2. Johns, Roy, ‘Memories’, in Devonshire Dialect (Plymouth and West Devon Cassette, Talking Newspaper for the Blind, 1993–1995).
3. Book, p. 5. For bibliographical details of this and other Kelly items, see ‘Principal Printed Works’, above.
4. Book, p. 1–5 passim. This essay partly answers Margaret's hope (p. 181) that someone might make an account of Mary's life-work. It supplements my entry in The New Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).
5. Book, p. 164–91 passim. See also Howkins, Alun, Reshaping Rural England: a Social History, 1850–1925 (London: Harper-Collins, 1991), Chapter 2.
6. Johns, op. cit., and Book, passim. But ‘us wasn't short of entertainment’ even before then – much of it closely imbricated with House and Church. There were plenty of village musicians. Concert evenings and dances to piano and riddle were held in the cleared-out school-room (and the Squire would sometimes lend a magic lantern and operator); the Rector's wife, a country dancing enthusiast, held folk festivals on the Rectory lawn in summer (Johns, op. cit.).
7. Village Theatre, p. 126.
9. MS note at Kelly House. I am grateful to Mrs. Margery Kelly for repeated help in preparing this material, and to Roy Johns, interviewed on 25 May 1999. These sources and the Book silently inform much of the narrative.
10. Maitland Kelly's forename commemorates an earlier intermarriage of the two families.
11. At Holy Cross, Pondoland.
12. Village Theatre, p. 146.
13. The Kelly Players became a fully-fledged amateur company, continuing into the 1960s.
14. Village Theatre, p. 156–85 passim.
17. Ibid., p. 50. Kelly says it is difficult to be precise, since ‘until lately, so few people have ever troubled to make more than passing comment on the lives of those who get them their bread’ (p. 44).
18. Ibid., p. 37–124 passim.
19. Ibid., p. 73–8 passim.
22. Taylor, George, History of the Amateur Theatre (Colin Venton, 1976), p. 118.
23. Village Theatre, p. 168–76 passim.
24. ‘Prompter’, op. cit., was reviewing the play – and praised Roy Johns's voice, ‘as rich as the soil outside’.
30. For a general appraisal of pageantry in the interwar period, see Wallis, Mick, ‘Delving the Levels of Memory and Dressing up in the Past’ in Inter-War Theatres ed. Barker, Clive, Gale, Maggie (Cambridge University Press, 2000).
31. How to Make a Pageant, p. 5, 8.
34. Glassberg, David, American Historical Pageantry: the Uses of Tradition in the Early Twentieth Century (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990), p. 5; Matless, David, Landscape and Englishness (London: Reaktion Books, 1998). Aspects of Village Theatre and the pageants discussed below also align Kelly with Matless's other chief category, the ‘organicist’. While both groupings embrace far-rightist positions, Kelly comes nowhere near them – see her comments on Nazis in Village Theatre, p. 157. She also seems little concerned with ‘Englishness’ – the ‘countryman’ in any country is her principal interest.
35. Withington, Robert, English Pageantry: an Historical Outline two vols. (Harvard, 1918, 1926), p. 205.
36. Rillington, p. 3; Charles Henderson in Bradstone, p. 7.
38. Group Play-Making, p. 9, 11.
40. Ibid., p. 16–68 passim.
41. See Newton, Robert, Acting Intprovised (London, Nelson, 1937). For a brief outline and critique of Koch's work, see Glassberg, op. cit., p. 242–5.
42. Newton, op. cit., p. 3–4, 26.
43. Group Play-Making, p. 35.
44. Ibid., p. 13–28 passim.
47. Quoted in Styler, W. E., A Bibliographical Guide to Adult Education in Rural Areas, 1918–1972 (Department of Adult Education, University of Hull, 1973), p. 6.
48. ‘Mary Kelly, Dartington, and the Ends of Patronage’, forthcoming.
49. Village Theatre, p. 165.
51. Interview with Barbara Kelway, 1 June 2000.